Echinos

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Echinos panoramic image.

Echinos (Greek: Εχίνος; Bulgarian: Шахин, Shahin) is a settlement in the municipality Myki in the Xanthi regional unit of Greece (Longitude: 24° 58'16" E, Latitude: 41° 16'19" N). It is 761 kilometers northeast of Athens, 254 kilometers northeast of Thessalonica, and 27 kilometers north northeast of Xanthi. In 1981, the population of Echinos was around 3123 inhabitants. In 1991, the population declined to around 2357 inhabitants. In 2001, the population declined slightly further to around 2221 inhabitants of which majority are Pomaks.

History[edit]

Mosque in Echinos.

According to the legend Echinos was founded during the 1360s by Lala Shahin Pasha, hence its old name - Shahin.[1]

The village is first mentioned in an Ottoman document from the middle of the 16th century. The document lists those who voluntarily took part in Ottoman military operations. According to that document 23 Muslim families and 18 single Muslims from Shahin were involved in those operations. Their incomes are also included in the document for proper taxation.[2]

In the end of the 19th century the renowned explorer of the Rhodope Mountains St. Shishkov traveled through Shahin and wrote about the village that the people were very passionate Muslims and when one meets a woman, she turns her face aside. If you try to talk with her or ask her something, she would call her husband. He also wrote that the village was very rich and even the children used to dress in expensive clothes. The houses were two or three stories all painted in white. Shishkov describes the village more like a little town with some 200 houses.[3]

According to Lyubomir Miletich as of 1912 Shahin was a Pomak village in the Darıdere kaza of the Ottoman Empire.[4] According to Patriarch Cyril as of 1943 there were 417 households and 1975 inhabitants in Shahin - all Pomaks.[5]

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "ŞAHİN KÖYÜ". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  2. ^ Цветкова, Бистра (1972). Турски извори за българската история. Том 3:2 (in Bulgarian). София: Българска академия на науките. p. 416. OCLC 405458491. 
  3. ^ Шишков, Ст. Н. (1907). "Елидже дереси. — Нощна гледка и впечатления. — Елидженскитѣ ханища и нощуване въ тѣхъ. — Вододѣлъ на Шеинската и Муставшовска рѣки. — Помашкитѣ села Вълканово и Козлуджа. — Пашавикъ и турскитѣ медресета въ Родопитѣ. — Гюкче-бунарь. — Пашовикския долъ и стария кастелъ Мусагенъ. — Муставшовска рѣка. — Змиища.". Изъ Бѣломорската равнина. Пѫтни бѣлѣжки и впечатления отъ Ст. Н. Шишковъ (in Bulgarian). Пловдивъ: Печатница „Трудъ” на П. Бѣловѣждовъ. pp. 19–20. OCLC 25301398. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  4. ^ Милетич, Любомир (1918). Разорението на тракийскитѣ българи презъ 1913 година (in Bulgarian). София: Българска Академия на Науките; Държавна Печатница. p. 295. OCLC 404571567. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  5. ^ Райчевски, Стоян (2004) [1998]. Българите мохамедани (in Bulgarian) (II ed.). София: Национален музей на българската книга и полиграфия. p. 139. ISBN 954-9308-51-0. OCLC 68572487. 
  6. ^ "O Μουφτής". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 

Coordinates: 41°17′00″N 24°58′00″E / 41.2833°N 24.9667°E / 41.2833; 24.9667