Echinothrix calamaris

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Double spined urchin
SeaDSC01286.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Diadematoida
Family: Diadematidae
Genus: Echinothrix
Species: E. calamaris
Binomial name
Echinothrix calamaris
Pallas, 1774

Echinothrix calamaris, known commonly as the banded sea urchin or double spined urchin among other vernacular names, is a species of sea urchin in the family Diadematidae.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The Banded sea urchin is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, from eastern coast of Africa to French Polynesia, including Hawaii and the Red Sea. [1][2]

It occurs from the surface to 70 centimetres (2.3 ft) depth and can be found in lagoons, external reef slopes and channels.[1]

Description[edit]

The Banded sea urchin has a test (shell) diameter of about 5 cm.[1] It has two sets of spines, shorter closed spines which are going from yellow to dark in colour and can deliver a nasty sting, and longer open ended spines that are often banded with light and dark colour.[3]

Behaviour[edit]

This sea urchin is active at night, hiding in crevices or under rocks during the day.[1]

Miscellaneous notes[edit]

Many juvenile fish of the family Apogonidae (cardinal fish) may hide in the spines for protection.[1]

Confusion may occurs between Echinothrix calamaris and young Diadema setosum or Diadema savigny when these two latter have banded spines. However, these two species have only one kind of spines which are longer and finer.[1]

In Hawaii, E. calamaris is often host to a symbiotic crab, Echinoecus pentagonus.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Le Bris, Sylvain; Maran, Vincent (2010-11-27). "Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)". DORIS. Retrieved 2013-11-23. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Life
  3. ^ Echinothrix calamaris
  4. ^ John P. Hoover (2007). Hawaiian Sea Creatures. Mutual Publishing. ISBN 1-56647-220-2. 

External links[edit]