Echo et Narcisse
|Christoph Willibald Gluck|
Echo et Narcisse (Echo and Narcissus) was the last original opera, specifically a drame lyrique, written by Christoph Willibald Gluck, his sixth for the French stage. The libretto was written by Louis Theodor von Tschudi.
Echo et Narcisse was first performed on 24 September 1779 by the Paris Opéra in the second Salle du Palais-Royal. It was a failure, discontinued after only 12 performances. Gluck decided to go back to Vienna and never returned to Paris. He revised the work for 8 August 1780, but this version only enjoyed nine performances.
A third version was presented to the public on 8 June 1781. This was better received. However, it was infrequently produced until René Jacobs revived it in 1987 at the Schwetzingen Festival. Jacobs used the revised version as the original one has not survived, except for the libretto.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 24 September 1779
(Conductor: - )
|Echo, a nymph, ruler of the woods and waters||soprano||Henriette-Adelaïde Beaumesnil|
|Aglaé, a nymph, friend of Echo||soprano||Adelaïde Gavaudan 'cadette'|
|Eglé, a nymph, friend of Echo||soprano||Anne-Marie-Jeanne Gavaudan, 'L'aînée'|
|Amour (Cupid)||soprano||Gertrude Girardin|
|Narcisse, a hunter, son of Cephisus||tenor||Étienne Lainez|
|Cynire, friend of Narcisse||haute-contre||Joseph Legros|
|Sylphie, a nymph||soprano|
|Thanais, a nymph||soprano|
|Sylphs, Zephyrs and attendants and followers of Amour, Echo and Narcisse.|
|Ballet - ballerinas: Marie-Madeleine Guimard, Anne Heinel, Marie Allard, Peslin; male dancers: Gaetano Vestris, Auguste Vestris, Maximilien Gardel, Jean D'Auberval|
The nymph Echo is loved by Narcisse, but also desired by Apollo. Apollo puts a spell on Narcisse so he falls in love with his own reflection, but Cupid is eventually successful in securing a happy ending by re-uniting Echo and Narcisse.
- Lajarte, p. 312
- (Italian) Amadeus Almanac, accessed 1 February 2010
- Hayes, Jeremy (1992), 'Echo et Narcisse' in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie (London) ISBN 0-333-73432-7
- (French) Lajarte, Théodore de, Bibliothèque Musicale du Théatre de l'Opéra. Catalogue Historique, Chronologique, Anecdotique, Paris, Librairie des bibliophiles, 1878, Tome I (accessible online for free in scribd.com – accessed 11 February 2011)