Echols County, Georgia
|Echols County, Georgia|
Echols County Courthouse in Statenville, Georgia
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|• Total||420.80 sq mi (1,090 km2)|
|• Land||404.13 sq mi (1,047 km2)|
|• Water||16.67 sq mi (43 km2), 3.96%|
|• Density||9/sq mi (4/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Echols County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is part of the Valdosta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population is 4,034. The county seat is Statenville. Statenville is not an incorporated municipality, making Echols County one of only three counties in Georgia to have an unincorporated county seat.
Established in 1858, from the parts of Lowndes and Clinch the county was named in honor of Robert Milner Echols (1798–1847). The county is in the Valdosta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area. Echols was born in Georgia and served in the state legislature for many years. He was killed in the Mexican-American War, and is buried in Georgia (though not in Echols County).
Echols County has become notable in recent years as it has served as a place of banishment for many of Georgia's criminals. As the Georgia State Constitution forbids banishment beyond the borders of the state, officials instead ban the offender from 158 of Georgia's 159 counties, with Echols remaining as their only option. No such criminal has been documented as actually moving to Echols.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 420.80 square miles (1,089.9 km2), of which 404.13 square miles (1,046.7 km2) (or 96.04%) is land and 16.67 square miles (43.2 km2) (or 3.96%) is water. The county contains a notable swamp, Whitehead Bay. 
- State Route 7
- State Route 11
- State Route 89
- State Route 94
- State Route 135
- State Route 187
- State Route 376
- Clinch County - northeast
- Columbia County, Florida - southeast
- Hamilton County, Florida - south
- Lowndes County - west
- Lanier County - north
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,754 people, 1,264 households, and 936 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 1,482 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.14% White, 6.93% Black or African American, 1.15% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 13.69% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 19.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,264 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county, the population was spread out with 29.30% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 18.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 116.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,851, and the median income for a family was $27,700. Males had a median income of $24,650 versus $17,297 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,727. 28.70% of the population and 22.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 33.10% are under the age of 18 and 29.80% are 65 or older.
In 2005 63.1% of the county population was non-Hispanic whites, 27.3% Hispanics, 8.8% African-Americans and 1.0% Native Americans.
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Bynum, Russ (2001-11-11). "Georgia Communities Put Criminals on First Bus Out of Town". Los Angeles Times.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Whitehead Bay, Echols County". Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Lanier County||Clinch County|
|Hamilton County, Florida||Columbia County, Florida|