|• Mayor||Ricardo Gil-Toresano Riego (2011-) (PP)|
|• Total||978.73 km2 (377.89 sq mi)|
|• Density||42/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Écija is a city belonging to the province of Seville, Spain. It is located in the Andalusian countryside, 85 km east of the city of Seville. According to the 2008 census, Écija has a total population of 40,100 inhabitants, ranking as the fifth most populous city in the province. The river Genil, the main tributary of the river Guadalquivir, runs through the urban area of the city.
The economy of Écija is based on agriculture (olives, cereals and vegetables), cattle (cows and horses) and textile industry. The city has over twenty churches and convents, some of them with either Gothic, Mudéjar, Renaissance or Baroque towers or bell-gables, as well as an Arab fortress.
Ancient Iberian finds date back to the 8th century BC, and there are several archaeological remains of later Greek and Roman settlements. In Roman times the town was at first known as Astigi. During the Roman civil war Écija stood "firmly" at the side of Julius Caesar in the Battle of Munda. As a reward Caesar ordered the town's fortification and refounded it as a Julian colony, possibly Colonia Iulia Firma Astigitana. Under the reign of Octavian, the later emperor Augustus, the colony was strengthened according to Caesar's construction plans, and its name was finalized as Colonia Iulia Augusta Firma Astigitana.
Astigi was an important town of Hispania Baetica, and the seat of Astigitanus, one of the four conventi where the chief men met together at major centers, at fixed times of year, under the eye of the proconsul, to oversee the administration of justice, was also an early seat of a diocese; St. Fulgentius, bishop of Astigi (died before 633), was named to the see by his brother Isidore of Seville. Though it was suppressed in 1144, Astigi remains a titular see in the Roman Catholic Church.
Although Astigi was one of the largest and most complete Roman cities ever to be unearthed, mayor Julian Álvarez Pernía decided in 1998 to bulldoze Écija's Roman ruins and replace them with a 299-car parking lot.
Atfer the Romans, it was ruled by successively by Suevs and Visigoths before Umayyad conquest in 711. Arabs renamed Astigi as "Istichcha", which present name of it was derived from. It was under Arab rule until conquest by Fernando III, King of Castile in 1240.
Écija is known in Spain as La sartén de Andalucía ("The Frying Pan of Andalusia"), because it records the highest summer temperatures in the nation.
Écija suffered several floods in December 2010.
- Macfarquhar, Colin; Gleig, George (1797). Encyclopædia britannica: or, A dictionary of arts, sciences, and miscellaneous literature. A. Bell and C. Macfarquhar. p. 46. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Astigi". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- Clarke, Jon. "Spain destroys lost Roman city for a car park". Times Online. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Écija cuantifica los daños causados por las inundaciones en 23,5 millones" (in Spanish). Europress. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Écija.|
- Turismo Écija, in English.
- EcijaWeb, in Spanish.
- Astigi Romana
- Bishops of Astigi: list
- Catholic Hierarchy: Astigi (titular see)