Eclipse-class sloop

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HMS Sirius
HMS Sirius
Class overview
Name: Eclipse-class sloops
(corvettes from 1876)
Builders: Devonport Dockyard
Portsmouth Dockyard
Chatham Dockyard
Sheerness Dockyard
Deptford Dockyard
Operators:  Royal Navy
Preceded by: Amazon class
Succeeded by: Fantome class
Built: 1867–1870
In service: 1867–1921
Completed: 7
Scrapped: 7
General characteristics (as built)
Type: Wooden screw sloop (later corvette)
Displacement: 1,760 long tons (1,790 t)
Tons burthen: 1,268 bm
Length: 212 ft (64.6 m) (p/p)
Beam: 36 ft (11.0 m)
Draught: 16 ft 6 in (5.0 m)
Depth: 21 ft 6 in (6.6 m)
Installed power: 1,946–2,518 ihp (1,451–1,878 kW)
Propulsion: 1 shaft
1 × 2-cylinder horizontal steam engine
4 or 6 × boilers
Sail plan: Barque or Ship rig
Speed: 12–13 knots (22–24 km/h; 14–15 mph)
Complement: 180
Armament: 2 × 7-inch rifled muzzle-loading guns
4 × 6.3-inch 64-pounder rifled muzzle-loading guns
For the 1894 class of protected cruiser see: Eclipse-class cruiser

The Eclipse class was a class of seven 6-gun wooden screw sloops built for the Royal Navy between 1867 and 1870. They were re-armed and re-classified as 12-gun corvettes in 1876. Two further vessels were proposed but never ordered.

Design[edit]

A development of the Amazon class, they were designed by Edward Reed, the Royal Navy's Director of Naval Construction. The hull was of wooden construction, but with iron cross-beams, and a ram bow was fitted.[1]

Propulsion[edit]

Propulsion was provided by a two-cylinder horizontal steam engine driving a single screw. Spartan, Sirius and Tenedos had compound steam engines, and the remainder of the class had single-expansion steam engines.

Sail plan[edit]

All the ships of the class were built with a ship rig, but this was replaced with a barque rig.

Armament[edit]

The Eclipse class was designed with two 7-inch (6½-ton) muzzle-loading rifled guns mounted in traversing slides and four 64-pounder muzzle-loading rifled guns.[1] They were re-classified as corvettes in 1876, carrying a homogenous armament of twelve 64-pounder muzzle-loading rifled guns.

Ships[edit]

Name Ship Builder Launched Fate
Danae Portsmouth Dockyard 21 May 1867 Lent to the War Department as a hulk in 1886 and sold on 15 May 1906[1]
Blanche Chatham Dockyard 17 August 1867 Sold to Castle for breaking in September 1886
Eclipse Sheerness Dockyard 14 November 1867 Lent to the War Department as a hulk for storage of mines from 1888 to 1892. Sold in 1921[1]
Sirius Portsmouth Dockyard 24 April 1868 Sold to Castle for breaking at Charlton in 1885[1]
Spartan Deptford Dockyard 14 November 1868 Sold to Castle for breaking on 7 November 1882[1]
Dido Portsmouth Dockyard 23 October 1869 Hulked in 1886. Renamed Actaeon II in 1906. Sold to J B Garnham for breaking on 17 July 1922[1]
Tenedos Devonport Dockyard 13 May 1870 Sold to G Pethwick of Plymouth for breaking in November 1887[1]
Proserpine - - Authorised on 18 December 1866 but never ordered[1]
Diomede - - Authorised on 18 December 1866 but rescinded on 30 April 1867[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Winfield, pp. 290–91

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]