Eclipta prostrata

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Eclipta prostrata
Eclipta prostrata in AP W2 IMG 9785.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Eclipta
Species: E. prostrata
Binomial name
Eclipta prostrata
(L.) L.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Verbesina prostrata L.
  • Eclipta undulata Willd.
  • Eclipta patula Schrad. ex DC.
  • Micrelium tolak Forssk.
  • Cotula oederi Murray
  • Eclipta longifolia Schrad. ex DC.
  • Eclipta dichotoma Raf.
  • Eclipta zippeliana Blume
  • Spilanthes pseudo-acmella (L.) Murray
  • Eclipta philippinensis Gand.
  • Eclipta ciliata Raf.
  • Eclipta heterophylla Bartl.
  • Cotula prostrata (L.) L.
  • Verbesina pseudoacmella L.
  • Eclipta brachypoda Michx.
  • Galinsoga oblonga DC.
  • Verbesina conyzoides Trew
  • Amellus carolinianus Walter
  • Anthemis viridis Blanco
  • Anthemis cotula-foetida Crantz
  • Eupatoriophalacron album (L.) Hitchc.
  • Eclipta oederi (Murray) Weigel
  • Eclipta linearis Otto ex Sweet
  • Buphthalmum diffusum Vahl ex DC.
  • Eclipta punctata L.
  • Bellis ramosa Jacq.
  • Eclipta simplex Raf.
  • Eclipta procumbens Michx.
  • Eclipta tinctoria Raf.
  • Verbesina alba L.
  • Eleutheranthera prostrata (L.) Sch.Bip.
  • Eclipta palustris DC.
  • Acmella lanceolata Link ex Spreng.
  • Eclipta strumosa Salisb.
  • Eclipta nutans Raf.
  • Eclipta dubia Raf.
  • Eclipta sulcata Raf.
  • Eclipta dentata B.Heyne ex Wall.
  • Eclipta marginata Boiss.
  • Eclipta spicata Spreng.
  • Chamaemelum foetidum Baumg.
  • Eclipta patula Schrad.
  • Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.
  • Cotula alba (L.) L.
  • Wilborgia oblongifolia Hook.
  • Anthemis cotuloides Raf. ex DC.
  • Ecliptica alba (L.) Kuntze
  • Eclipta arabica Steud.
  • Grangea lanceolata Poir.
  • Galinsoga oblongifolia (Hook.) DC.
  • Eclipta adpressa Moench
  • Eclipta erecta L.
  • Wedelia psammophila Poepp.
  • Artemisia viridis Blanco
  • Chamaemelum foetidum Garsault
  • Eclipta flexuosa Raf.
  • Bellis racemosa Steud.
  • Anthemis sulphurea Wall. ex Nyman
  • Eclipta thermalis Bunge
  • Eclipta marginata Steud.
  • Polygyne inconspicua Phil.
  • Eclipta parviflora Wall. ex DC.
  • Eclipta angustifolia C.Presl
  • Paleista brachypoda (Michx.) Raf.
  • Eclipta longifolia Schrad.
  • Anthemis cotula Blanco
  • Anthemis abyssinica J.Gay ex A.Rich.
  • Eclipta hirsuta Bartl.

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.[2][3][4][5]

Other common names include kehraj in Assamese and karisalaankanni (கரிசலாங்கண்ணி) in Tamil and kayyunni (കയ്യുന്നി) in Malayalam and 'माका' in Marathi.

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

This species grows commonly in moist places as a weed in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

Traditional uses[edit]

The plant has traditional uses in Ayurveda. It is bitter, hot, sharp, dry in taste. In India it is known as bhangra (भांग्र), bhringaraj, and bhringraja. Wedelia calendulacea is known by the same names, so the white-flowered E. alba is called white bhangra and the yellow-flowered W. calendulacea is called yellow bhangra.[6]

It is reported to improve hair growth and color.[7][8] A study in rats showed that petroleum ether extracts of E. prostrata decreased the amount of time it took for hair to begin regrowing and to fully regrow in shaved albino rats. The result of treatment with E. prostrata was better than the positive control, 2% minoxidil.[9]

Chemistry[edit]

Eclipta prostrata contains coumestans such as wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone, polypeptides, polyacetylenes, thiophene derivatives, steroids, triterpenes and flavonoids.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.". The Plant List version 1.1. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  3. ^ Flora of North America Vol. 21 Page 128 Eclipta Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 157, 286. 1771.
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 869 鳢肠 li chang Eclipta prostrata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 286. 1771.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Falsa margherita , false daisy, tattoo plant, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
  6. ^ Puri, H. S. 2003. Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London. pages 80–85.
  7. ^ Kritikar, KR., Basu, BD. 1975. Chronica Botanica Indian Medicinal plants. New Delhi
  8. ^ Chopra, RN., Nayar, SL., Chopra, IC.,1955. Glossary of Indian Medicinal plants. C.S.I.R., New Delhi
  9. ^ Roy, R. K.; Thakur, M.; Dixit, V. K. (2008). "Hair growth promoting activity of Eclipta alba in male albino rats". Archives of Dermatological Research 300 (7): 357–364. doi:10.1007/s00403-008-0860-3. PMID 18478241.  edit

Further reading[edit]

  • Everitt, J.H.; Lonard, R.L.; Little, C.R. (2007). Weeds in South Texas and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.  ISBN 0-89672-614-2
  • Caldecott, Todd (2006). Ayurveda: The Divine Science of Life. Elsevier/Mosby. ISBN 0-7234-3410-7. 

External links[edit]