Ecolo

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Ecolo
Leader Emily Hoyos and Olivier Deleuze
Founded 1980
Headquarters Espace Kegeljan
Av. de Marlagne 52 Namur
Ideology Green politics[1]
International affiliation Global Greens
European affiliation European Green Party
European Parliament group The Greens–European Free Alliance
Colours Green
Chamber of Representatives
6 / 150
Senate
3 / 60
Walloon Parliament
4 / 75
Parliament of the French Community
17 / 94
Brussels Parliament
8 / 89
Parliament of the German-speaking Community
3 / 25
European Parliament
1 / 21
Website
www.ecolo.be
Politics of Belgium
Political parties
Elections

Ecolo (which officially stands for the backronym Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales "Confederated ecologists for the organisation of original struggles", but is really just short for écologiste, French for environmentalist) is a French-speaking political party in Belgium based on green politics.[1][2] The party is active in Wallonia, the Brussels-Capital Region and the German-speaking Community. Ecolo currently participates in the Brussels regional government.

The party was part of the outgoing federal coalition, but it resigned before the 2003 general election, and was promptly decimated by a resurgent Socialist Party. They however made quite a comeback in the 2007 general election, though without reaching their 1999 peak popularity. In the 10 June 2007 general elections, the party won 8 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 2 out of 40 seats in the Senate which are directly elected.

In the 2010 elections the party won 8 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 2 in the Senate.[3]

Electoral results[edit]

Federal Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Representatives (Chambre des Représentants)
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1991 312,624 5.1
10 / 212
Increase 7 in opposition
1995 243,362 4.0
6 / 150
Decrease 4 in opposition
1999 457,281 7.4
11 / 150
Increase 5 in coalition
2003 201,123 3.1
4 / 150
4 / 62
Decrease 7 in opposition
2007 340,378 5.1
8 / 150
8 / 62
Increase 4 in opposition
2010 313,047 4.8
8 / 150
8 / 62
Steady 0 in opposition
2014 222,551 3.3
6 / 150
6 / 62
Decrease 2 in opposition
Senate (Sénat)
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/–
1991 323,683 5.3
6 / 107
Steady
1995 258,635 4.3
2 / 40
Decrease 4
1999 458,658 7.4
3 / 40
3 / 15
Increase 1
2003 208,868 3.2
1 / 40
1 / 15
Decrease 2
2007 385,466 5.8
2 / 40
2 / 15
Increase 1
2010 353,111 5.5
2 / 40
2 / 15
Steady 0

Regional parliaments[edit]

Brussels Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1989 44,874 10.24 (#5)
8 / 75
in opposition
1995 37,308 9.03 (#4)
7 / 75
Decrease 1 in opposition
1999 77,969 18.3 (#2)
14 / 75
Increase 7 in opposition
2004 37,908 9.7 (#4)
7 / 89
7 / 72
Decrease 1 in coalition
2009 82,663 20.2 (#3)
16 / 89
16 / 72
Increase 9 in coalition
2014 41,368 10.11 (#5)
8 / 89
8 / 72
Decrease 8 in opposition

German-speaking Community Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1990 5,897 15.0 (#5)
4 / 25
in opposition
1995 5,128 13.9 (#4)
3 / 25
Decrease 1 in opposition
1999 4,694 12.7 (#5)
3 / 25
Steady 0 in coalition
2004 2,972 8.2 (#5)
2 / 25
Decrease 1 in opposition
2009 4,310 11.5 (#5)
3 / 25
Increase 1 in opposition
2014 3,591 9.5 (#6)
2 / 25
Decrease 1 in opposition

Walloon Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1995 196,988 10.4 (#4)
8 / 75
in opposition
1999 347,225 18.2 (#3)
14 / 75
Increase 6 in coalition
2004 167,916 8.5 (#4)
3 / 75
Decrease 11 in opposition
2009 372,067 18.54 (#3)
14 / 75
Increase 11 in coalition
2014 141,813 8.62 (#4)
4 / 75
Decrease 10 in opposition

European Parliament[edit]

French-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/–
1979 107,833 2.0 5.1 (#5)
0 / 24
0 / 11
1984 220,663 9.9 (#4)
1 / 24
1 / 11
Increase 1
1989 371,053 16.6 (#4)
2 / 24
2 / 11
Increase 1
1994 290,859 13.0 (#4)
1 / 25
1 / 10
Decrease 1
1999 525,316 22.7 (#3)
3 / 25
3 / 10
Increase 2
2004 239,687 9.8 (#4)
1 / 24
1 / 9
Decrease 2
2009 562,081 22.9 (#3)
2 / 22
2 / 8
Increase 1
2014 284,656 11.7 (#3)
1 / 21
1 / 8
Decrease 1

German-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
 % of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/–
1994 5,714 14.9 (#4)
0 / 25
0 / 1
1999 6,276 17.0 (#3)
0 / 25
0 / 1
Steady 0
2004 3,880 10.5 (#4)
0 / 24
0 / 1
Steady 0
2009 6,025 15.6 (#3)
0 / 22
0 / 1
Steady 0

Elected politicians[edit]

Current[edit]

Chamber of Representatives

  • 2010 – 2014:
  1. Ronny Balcaen
  2. Juliette Boulet
  3. Olivier Deleuze (resigned in 2012; replaced by Lahssaini Fouad)
  4. Zoé Genot
  5. Muriel Gerkens
  6. George Gilkinet
  7. Eric Jadot
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2009 – 2014:
  1. Aziz Albishari
  2. Dominique Braeckman
  3. Jean-Claude Defosse
  4. Céline Delforge
  5. Anne Dirix
  6. Anne Herscovici
  7. Zakia Khattabi
  8. Vincent Lurquin
  9. Alain Maron
  10. Jacques Morel
  11. Ahmed Mouhssin
  12. Marie Nagy
  13. Yaron Pesztat
  14. Arnaud Pinxteren
  15. Barbara Trachte
  16. Vincent Vanhalewyn

Past[edit]

Chamber of Representatives

  • 1995 – 1999:
  1. Philippe Dallons
  2. Olivier Deleuze
  3. Thierry Detienne
  4. Mylène Nys (20 April 1999) (replaced Vincent Decroly)
  5. Martine Schüttringer
  6. Jean-Pierre Viseur
  • 1999 – 2003:
  1. Marie-Thérèse Coenen
  2. Martine Dardenne
  3. Vincent Decroly
  4. Olivier DeleuzeZoé Genot (14 July 1999)
  5. Thierry DetienneMuriel Gerkens (23 July 1999)
  6. Claudine Drion
  7. Michèle Gilkinet
  8. Mirella Minne
  9. Géraldine Pelzer-Salandra
  10. Paul TimmermansBernard Baille (1 September 2002)
  11. Jean-Pierre ViseurGérard Gobert (10 January 2001)
  • 2003 – 2007:
  1. Zoé Genot (replaced Olivier Deleuze)
  2. Muriel Gerkens
  3. Gérard Gobert (replaced Jean-Marc Nollet)
  4. Marie Nagy
  • 2007 – 2010:
  1. Juliette Boulet
  2. Zoé Genot
  3. Muriel Gerkens
  4. Georges Gilkinet
  5. Philippe Henry
  6. Fouad Lahssaini
  7. Jean-Marc Nollet
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2004 – 2009:
  1. Dominique Braeckman
  2. Alain Daems
  3. Céline Delforge
  4. Christos Doulkeridis
  5. Josy Dubié
  6. Paul Galand
  7. Yaron Pesztat

Important figures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 397–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  3. ^ IBZ: Official Results, retrieved 20 August 2010