United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
|United Nations Economic Commission for Europe|
Map showing United Nations Economic Commission for Europe members
|Type||Primary Organ - Regional Branch|
Executive Secretary of ECE
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. It is one of five regional commissions under the administrative direction of United Nations headquarters. It has 56 member states, and reports to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). As well as countries in Europe, it includes Canada, the Central Asian republics, Israel and the United States of America. The UNECE secretariat headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland, and has an approximate budget of US$50 million.
The 56 member countries are listed below.
|Countries||Date of membership|
|Albania||14 December 1955|
|Andorra||28 July 1993|
|Armenia||30 July 1993|
|Austria||14 December 1955|
|Azerbaijan||30 July 1993|
|Belarus||28 March 1947|
|Belgium||28 March 1947|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||22 May 1992|
|Bulgaria||14 December 1955|
|Canada||9 August 1973|
|Croatia||22 May 1992|
|Cyprus||20 September 1960|
|Czech Republic||28 March 1947|
|Denmark||28 March 1947|
|Estonia||17 September 1991|
|Finland||14 December 1955|
|Macedonia||8 April 1993|
|France||28 March 1947|
|Georgia||30 July 1993|
|Germany||18 September 1973|
|Greece||28 March 1947|
|Hungary||14 December 1955|
|Iceland||28 March 1947|
|Ireland||14 December 1955|
|Israel||26 July 1991|
|Italy||14 December 1955|
|Kazakhstan||31 January 1994|
|Kyrgyzstan||30 July 1993|
|Latvia||17 September 1991|
|Liechtenstein||18 September 1990|
|Lithuania||17 September 1991|
|Luxembourg||28 March 1947|
|Malta||1 December 1964|
|Moldova||2 March 1992|
|Monaco||27 May 1993|
|Montenegro||28 June 2006|
|Netherlands||28 March 1947|
|Norway||28 March 1947|
|Poland||28 March 1947|
|Portugal||14 December 1955|
|Romania||14 December 1955|
|Russia||28 March 1947|
|San Marino||30 July 1993|
|Serbia||1 November 2000|
|Slovakia||28 March 1947|
|Slovenia||22 May 1992|
|Spain||14 December 1955|
|Sweden||28 March 1947|
|Switzerland||24 March 1972|
|Tajikistan||12 December 1994|
|Turkey||28 March 1947|
|Turkmenistan||30 July 1993|
|Ukraine||28 March 1947|
|United Kingdom||28 March 1947|
|United States||28 March 1947|
|Uzbekistan||30 July 1993|
Committee on Economic Cooperation and Integration
This Committee promotes a policy, financial and regulatory environment conducive to economic growth, innovative development and higher competitiveness in the UNECE region, focusing mainly on countries with economies in transition. Its main areas of work are innovation and competitiveness policies, intellectual property, financing innovative development, entrepreneurship and enterprise development, and public-private partnerships.
Committee on Environmental Policy
UNECE’s concern with problems of the environment dates back at least to 1971, when the group of Senior Advisors to the UNECE governments on environmental issues was created which led to the establishment of the Committee on Environmental Policy, which now meets annually. The committee provides collective policy direction in the area of environment and sustainable development, prepares ministerial meetings, develops international environmental law and supports international initiatives in the region. The committee’s work is based on three strategic pillars:
- Participation in the two major international cooperative processes, the "Environment for Europe" process and the regional promotion of Agenda 21;
- The development and carrying-out of Environmental Performance Reviews in the central and eastern European countries; and
- The increase of the overall effectiveness of environmental conventions and of the exchange of experience on their implementation. See for example the UNECE Espoo Convention, Aarhus Convention, Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents.
Committee on Housing and Land Management
In 1947, UNECE set up a Panel on Housing Problems, which later evolved into the Committee on Human Settlements and after the reform in 2005/2006 into the Committee on Housing and Land Management. The Committee is an intergovernmental body of all UNECE member States. It provides a forum for the compilation, dissemination and exchange of information and experience on housing, urban development, and land administration policies.
Inland Transport Committee
The UNECE Transport Division has been providing secretariat services to the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). In addition to acting as secretariat to the World Forum, the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations section serves as the secretariat of the Administrative Committee for the coordination of work, and of the Administrative/Executives Committees of the three Agreements on vehicles administered by the World Forum.
Conference of European Statisticians
The UNECE Statistical Division provides the secretariat for the Conference and its expert groups, and implements the statistical work programme of the UNECE. The Conference brings together chief statisticians from national and international statistical organisations around the world, meaning that the word "European" in its name is no longer an accurate description of its geographical coverage. The Statistical Division helps member countries to strengthen their statistical systems, and coordinates international statistical activities in the UNECE region and beyond through the Conference and its Bureau, and the Database of International Statistical Activities. The Statistical Division develops guidelines and training materials on statistical methodology and practices, in response to demands from member countries. It works with different groups of specialists from national and international statistical organizations, and organizes meetings and on-line forums for statistical experts to exchange experiences on a wide range of topics. The UNECE Statistical Division also provides technical assistance to South-East European, East European, Caucasus and Central Asian countries.
The division also provides:
1) Free on-line data on the 56 UNECE member countries in Europe, Central Asia and North America in both English and Russian, on economic, gender, forestry and transport statistics.
2) A biennial overview of key statistics for member countries: UNECE Countries in Figures.
3) A set of wikis to support collaboration activities and disseminate information about good practices.
- European Union
- Council of Europe
- Official statistics
- United Nations System
- United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (overlaping membership)
- United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (overlaping membership)
- UN/CEFACT - Trade facilitaion via standardised business communication.
- UN/LOCODE - location codes, maintained by UNECE
- International E-road network, numbered by UNECE
- World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
- North American Union
- Green card system - motor insurance scheme of UNECE
- "Executive Secretary". UNECE.
- "Inception". UNECE.
- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46 session -1 Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas page 2 on 11 December 1946
- UNECE, The UNECE Report on Achieving the Millennium Development Goals, 2011
- UNECE Statistical Database
- UNECE Weekly
- UN Economic Commission for Europe
- EU and UNECE cooperation.
- UNECE vehicle regulations
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