Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia

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Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asian Eriia.jpg
Abbreviation ERIA (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia)
Formation June 3rd, 2008
Type International Organization
Purpose Providing policy recommendations to EAS Leaders
Headquarters  Indonesia
Jakarta
Region served
East Asia Region
Executive Director
Nishimura Hidetoshi
Staff 53 staffs
Website http://www.eria.org

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia or ERIA is an international organization established in Jakarta, Indonesia in 2008 by a formal agreement among Leaders of 16 countries in the East Asian region to conduct research activities and make policy recommendations for further economic integration in the East Asia. ERIA works very closely with both the ASEAN Secretariat and 16 Research Institutes to undertake and disseminate policy research under the three pillars, namely “Deepening Economic Integration”, ”Narrowing Development Gaps”, and “Sustainable Development” and provide analytical policy recommendations to Leaders and Ministers at their regional meetings. ERIA provides intellectural contributions to East Asian Community building and serves as a Sherpa international organization. ERIA ranks 28th among the world's "Top 50 International Economic Policy Think Tanks" (1st in ASEAN) according to the 2012 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report conducted by University of Pennsylvania. [1]



Establishment[edit]

ERIA was established by a formal agreement among Leaders of 16 countries in the East Asian at the 3rd East Asia Summit[2] in Singapore on 21 November 2007. The inaugural ERIA Governor Board meeting was held at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 3 June 2008. A formal agreement was reached between Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the ASEAN Secretariat to recognize ERIA as an international organization on 30 December 2008. As for the preparation for the establishment of ERIA, IDE-JETRO has been appointed to undertake a role as the temporary secretariat of ERIA at ERIA Expert Meeting in manila, March 2007 towards its official establishment.

History[edit]

The inaugural meeting of the ERIA was held on 3 June 2008 in Indonesia.[3]

In 2009 it was said that ERIA was working on a master plan for Asia. The plan aims to maximize industrialization through the development of much needed infrastructure.[4]

  • January, 2007 The proposal to establish ERIA was welcomed by all leaders in East Asia at 2nd East Asia Summit in Sebu.
  • November, 2007 Establishment of ERIA was agreed at the 3rd East Asia Summit in Singapore.
  • June 3, 2008 ERIA Inaugural meeting (1st Governing Board Meeting) was held.
  • December 30, 2008 ERIA was recognized as International Organization.

Establishment of ERIA approved[edit]

  • The formal establishment of ERIA was agreed upon by all the leaders at the 3rd East Asia Summit on November 21, 2007 in Singapore.
Excerpt from Chairman's Statement of the 3rd East Asia Summit(Paragraph 13)
We agreed to the establishment of the Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) to be accommodated temporarily at the ASEAN Secretariat. We welcomed the report submitted to us by the Expert Group, which focuses on research topics of strategic interest to the EAS countries. We encouraged the Expert Group to continue its research work and we looked forward to practical policy recommendations to further regional integration and strengthen partnerships in East Asia.

Inauguration of ERIA[edit]

  • The inauguration was held at the ASEAN Secretariat on June 3, 2008 in Indonesia. Attendees included board members nominated from 16 countries in East Asia. ERIA launched as a full fledged research activity body.
The Statement on the Establishment of ERIA
1. The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) will be temporarily accommodated at the ASEAN Secretariat.
2.ERIA shall function as an independent research institute but shall maintain and develop strong communication ties with policy-making process. The results of its research works shall produce concrete and tangible policy recommendations that shall meet the needs of Ministerial and National Leader’s meetings.
3.ERIA shall maintain its highest academic standards in its research activities and provide a tripartite-type forum for policy dialogue and interactions among researchers, policymakers, and civil society.
4.ERIA shall provide meaningful resources for narrowing development gaps and enhancing research capabilities in countries in need for improvement of public policy-making and research abilities.
5.ERIA shall function as a common asset to the ASEAN and East Asian countries in providing a common platform for rigorous economic studies, and its activities shall be open in cooperation with various prominent economic research institutions and organizations around the world, just as the East Asian economic integration shall be wide open.

Endorsement of ERIA as an International Organization[edit]

  • Following the agreement at the 3rd EAS meeting, formal agreement to endorse the status of ERIA as an International Organization was concluded on December 30, 2008 between the Indonesian Government and ASEAN Secretariat. Basis for Privileges and Immunities including Tax Exemption finalized.

Financial Contribution to ERIA[edit]

Organization[edit]

Office 
Headquarters: Mezzanine Floor, the ASEAN Secretariat 70A, Jalan Sisingamangaraja, Jakarta Selatan 12110, Indonesia
Annex Office: Sentral Senayan 2, 6th Floor, Jalan Asia Afrika no.8, Gelora Bung Karno, Jakarta Pusat 10270, Indonesia

Governing Board Members[edit]

The Governing Board is the Supreme Decision Making Body of ERIA. The Governing Board consists of 17 members, which includes the Secretary General of ASEAN and 16 other members (each representing a member country) from various backgrounds such as Academics, Policy Making and Business.
    •  Brunei(Chairman):Dato Paduka Lim Jock Hoi(Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade)
    •  Australia:Dr. Stephen Grenville AO(Former Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia)
    •  Cambodia:H.E.Dr. Hang Chuon Naron(Secretary of State of the Ministry and Finance)
    •  China:Prof. Zhang Yunling(Professor of International Economics; Academy Member, Director of Academy Division for International Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
    •  India:Ms. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw(Chairman and Managing Director, Biocon Limited)
    •  Indonesia:Dr. Djunaedi Hadismarto(Advisor to the State Minister of National Development)
    •  Japan:Mr. Hiroshi Okuda(Senior Advisor to the Board, Toyota Motor Corporation; Honorary Chairman, Nippon Keidanren)
    •  South Korea:Mr. Suck Rai Cho(Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hyosung Corporation; Honorary Chairman of Federation of Korean Industries)
    •  Laos:H.E. Mr. Bounthavy Sisouphanthong(Vice Minister of Planning and Investment)
    •  Malaysia:Tan Sri Datuk Asmat bin Kamaludin(Group Chairman, UMW Holdings Berhad; Former Secretary General of Ministry of International Trade and Industry)
    •  Burma:Daw Lai Lai Thein(Director General, Planning Department, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development)
    •  New Zealand:Dr. John Wood(Pro Chancellor, University of Canterbury; Former Senior New Zealand Diplomat)
    •  Philippines:Dr. Ramon Millar Quesada(Chairman and CEO, Small Business Corporation, Department of Trade and industry)
    •  Singapore:Ambassador Barry Desker(Dean, S Rajaretnam School of International Studies)
    •  Thailand:Ms. Srirat Rastapana(Director-General of the Department of Trade Negotiations, Ministry of Commerce of Thailand)
    •  Vietnam:Prof. Le Xuan Ba(President, Central Institute for Economic Management)
      Mr. Le Luong Minh, Secretary General of ASEAN

Research Institute Network from 16 Countries[edit]

The Research Institutes Network consists of research institutes from 16 East Asia Summit countries. MOU was signed between Research Institute Network(RIN), on February 24, 2009 in Thailand.RIN recognized the extensive efforts for carrying out a series of ERIA’s research project.
    • Australia: Australian National University (ANU
    • Brunei: Brunei Darussalam Institute of Policy & Strategic Studies (BDIPSS)
    • Cambodia: Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace (CICP)
    • China: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)
    • India: Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS)
    • Indonesia: Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
    • Japan: Institute of Developing Economies (IDE/JETRO)
    • Korea: Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP)
    • Laos: National Economic Research Institute (NERI)
    • Malaysia: Malaysian Institute of Economic Research (MIER)
    • Myanmar: Yangon Institute of Economics (YIE)
    • New Zealand: New Zealand Institute of Economic Research (NZIER)
    • Philippine: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    • Singapore: Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA)
    • Thailand: Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI)
    • Vietnam: Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM)

Academic Advisory Members[edit]

Academic Advisory Council is composed of a number of internationally renowned East Asia Summit countries’ scholars and experts from universities, research institutions, the private sector, international organizations and non-governmental organizations.
The council provides advice and support to the Office of the Executive Director on;
-Advices on the annual work program plan,
-Review and evaluation of the research outcome,
-Review and evaluation of the performance of researchers.
    • Prof. Dr. Hank Lim Giok-Hay (Chairman)(Senior Research Fellow of Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA), Singapore)
    • Prof. Peter Drysdale(Emeritus Professor Crawford School of Economics & Government, Australia)
    • Encik Mohd. Radzuan bin Abdul Halim(Director of the Financial Mediation Bureau (FMB) (A Columnist and Writer), Malaysia)
    • Prof. Gary Richard Hawke(Emeritus Professor; Former Head of School, School of Government, & Professor of Economic History, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand)
    • H.E.Dr. Hang Chuon Naron(Permanent Deputy, Chairman of the Supreme National Economic Council (SNEC), Secretary General, Ministry of Economy & Finance, Cambodia)
    • Mr. Pravin Kumar Agarwal(Director (HR) of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India)
    • Dr. Takashi Shiraishi(President of The Institute of Developing Economies, The Council for Science Technology Policy, Japan)
    • Prof. Zhang Yuyan(Director, Senior Fellow Institute of World Economics & Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), Beijing, China)

Major Works[edit]

ERIA's works are divided into 3 fields, doing research works, disseminating its works, and providing policy recommendations.

Research Works[edit]

ERIA's Research Works aims to pursue three pillars of research issues, "Deepening Economic Integration", "Narrowing Development Gaps", and "Sustainable Development". Specific research items in FY2010 are listed below.

Deepening Economic Integration[edit]

ERIA will conduct policy studies to promote deepening economic integration through the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investments as well as the improvement of business environment in collaboration with business community in the region, paying special attention to the improvement of cross border business transactions and behind-the-border issues including investment environment and various non-tariff measures. The following are the research projects reflecting the regional needs of ASEAN and East Asia;
  • Extend and elaborate more the analysis on linkages between real and financial economies, providing rigorous analysis pursuing financial market integration through market and institutional reform strategies.
  • Provide assessment on the current fiscal position, the impact of the stimulus package provided to cope with the last financial crisis, and potential fiscal risk as consequences of stimulus issuance both in medium and long term.
  • Continue to support ASEAN Economic Ministers Meeting by further developing AEC/ERIA scorecards in cooperation with the ASEAN High Level Task Force and ASEAN Secretariat through rigorous analysis based on objective data collection and the application of quantitative methodologies.
  • Conduct the analysis of safety and environment standardization and conformity assessment in East Asian countries and propose a desirable system, focusing on accessible design and green technology.

Narrowing Development Gaps[edit]

ERIA will continue to pursue deepening economic integration and narrowing development gaps at the same time, by applying a comprehensive approach to cover regional connectivity[disambiguation needed], maximize regional growth, and expand regional domestic demand. The following research projects are planned;
  • Provide intellectual support for drafting ASEAN Connectivity Master Plan, which enables ASEAN to come up with coordinated direction to promote sectoral efforts to achieve ASEAN Community Building by the year 2015, focusing on connectivity aspects of various economic and social activities.
  • Further develop and deepen the analysis on various regional industrial corridor projects including Mekong-India Industrial Corridor project and Indonesia Economic Development Corridor project, Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), in cooperation with ASEAN Secretariat, Asian Development Bank, and related institutions and countries. This project will include the expansion and sophistication of the geographical simulation analysis focusing on the effect of logistics improvements, and also include the promotion of infrastructure projects on PPP basis related to various industrial corridors.
  • Conduct studies to stimulate innovation in the region utilizing varying potentialities in East Asia, which provides resources for raising the level of economic activities in this region.
  • Target the expansion of middle class in East Asia, further develop research works toward developing safety nets such as social insurance and enhancing the education system in East Asia building upon the stocktaking works of FY 2009, and deepen the analysis in fields like economic and social implications of prolonged low-fertility rate and rapid aging, reforming civil service pensions, issues of unorganized labor and strengthening rural social protection systems.
  • Deepen a study on the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. This project will intend to improve economic efficiency in East Asia through the productivity enhancement and networking of SMEs, including the measures for outsourcing or sharing of common administrative and research operations.

Sustainable Economic Development[edit]

The ERIA will support interdisciplinary efforts for environment and energy issues for sustainable development in the region through comprehensive analyses and policy reviews. The projects will include the following;
  • In view of the commitment made by participating countries of the World Summit on Sustainable Development to minimize adverse effects of chemical production and use by 2020, to analyze economic and social impacts of different approaches for the chemical management, surveying current chemical management system and industrial structure in each East Asian country, and studying economic and social impacts.
  • Continue research on 3R (reduce, reuse, and recycling) policies focusing on the importance of recycling statistics, to identify different indicators and definitions of recycling rates and to propose strategies on how to develop a statistical system to evaluate policy impact, which will provide the basis for coordination among stakeholders, industrial standards for recycled goods, and eco-industrial parks
  • Deepen research on energy efficiency, biomass, and bio-fuels for energy security in East Asia. This project will be a continuation of past three years’ project and intend to conduct comprehensive surveys and propose agreeable policy framework for international cooperation.
  • Building upon the result of the evaluation of the impact of energy market integration in East Asian region, conduct research works on the issues of energy market integration including energy security, reform of energy pricing regime, liberalization of domestic energy market system, and investment and trans border trade of energy.

Disseminating its Works[edit]

ERIA has been conducting Seminar and Symposia, and doing Capacity Building Programs for disseminating ERIA's works.

Capacity Building[edit]

In order to nurture strong leadership in the region for economic integration and to secure an intellectual basis for the development of CLMV countries and other developing areas in East Asia, it is important to improve the competency of wide range of policy-makers, administrators, researchers, and business managers. ERIA will continue its capacity building programs in the strong partnership with regional research institutes.
ERIA Capacity Building Program 2009 - Dispatch of Lecturers in CLMV Countries -
  • No.1 Mandalay Seminar (September 2, Myanmar)
  • No.2 Vientiane Seminar (November 30, Laos)
  • No.3 Phnom Penh Seminar (December 2, Cambodia)
  • No.4 Ho Chi Minh Seminar (December 4, Vietnam)
ERIA Capacity Building Program 2010 - Dispatch of Lecturers in CLMV Countries -
  • No.1 Naypyitaw Seminar (September 14、Myanmar)
  • No.2 Hanoi Seminar (October 1, Vietnam)
  • No.3 Siem Reap Seminar (October 4, Cambodia)
  • No.4 Bangkok Intensive Workshop (November 1–5, Thailand)
ERIA Capacity Building Program 2011 - Dispatch of Lecturers in CLMV Countries -
  • No.1 Naypyitaw Seminar (September 23、Myanmar)
  • No.2 Vientiane Seminar (October 7, Laos)
  • No.3 Phuket Intensive Workshop (November 21–25, Thailand)

Seminar and Symposia[edit]

Seminars and Symposia will be held with the aim of nurturing a sense of community in the region, seeking inputs from stakeholders, as well as promoting ERIA and disseminating ERIA related research findings. Various joint seminars and symposia will be held together with leading research institutes in and out of the East Asian region, including those in United States and Europe.
Major Seminar and Symposia in FY2009
  • October 5, ERIA High-Level Symposium on "East Asia to Make More Contribution to the Global Economy"(Indonesia)
  • December 1, International Symposium on "East Asia Beyond the Global Economic Crisis(Japan)
  • March 15, Symposium on"Emerging Middle Income Class and a Social Safety Network"(Thailand)
Major Seminar and Symposia in FY2010
  • May 20, Japan Business FederationSeminar(Japan)
  • July 4, ERIA Regional Network Forum on "Connecting the Future East Asian Regional Initiatives"(Japan)
  • July 11, East Asian Regional Cooperation Forum(China)
  • August 22, Symposium on "Implementation of the ASEAN Roadmap for Logistics Services Integration"(Vietnam)
  • September 1–2, Symposium on "Energy Saving and Biofuel Utilization" (Thailand)
  • October 26, Symposium on "Evolving ASEAN Society and Establishing Sustainable Social Security Net"(Vietnam)
  • November 9, Symposium on "Role of ERIA and Kansai-Japan towards the Establishment of Low Carbon Society in the Growing Asia"(Japan)
  • December 17, Symposium on Socializing the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity(Vietnam)
  • January 31, ERIA-OECD Joint Seminar(Indonesia)
  • February 24, International Seminar on "Structuring PPP Railway Projects"(Indonesia)
Major Seminar and Symposia in FY2011
  • May 2, Symposium on "Towards a People-Centered ASEAN Community; Strengthening SMEs in ASEAN (Indonesia)
  • August 24, 1st EAS Energy Efficiency Conference (Laos)
  • Oct31-Nov1, GOI-ERIA-Harvard Symposium on "Moving ASEAN Community Forward into 2015 and Beyond" (Indonesia)
  • November 8–9, ASEAN Connectivity Symposium on "Enhancing ASEAN Connectivity to Support ASEAN Community 2015 (Indonesia)
  • December 16, Business and Investment Forum (Cambodia)
  • February 1, ERIA Regional Network Forum in Fukuoka (Japan)
  • February 3, Asia Cosmopolitan Awards Commemorative Forum in Nara (Japan)
  • February 16–17, Workshop on "Implementing Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (Cambodia)

Providing Policy Recommendations[edit]

One of the most important ERIA's works is providing policy recommendations to leaders, ministers in ASEAN and EAS through East Asia Summit and ASEAN Summit, and another related meetings. As ERIA's mission expands by receiving instructions and task-outs from Summits and Ministerial Meetings, ERIA's role as the "Center of Excellence" in ASEAN and East Asia becomes increasingly important.
Heads of government of ASEAN Member States commended ERIA's contribution in "Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP)" and "Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity".
  • At the 16th ASEAN Transport Ministers Meeting held on November 2010 in Brunei Darussalam
The Ministers expressed their high appreciation to the ERIA for its valuable support in conducting the Final Report on the ASEAN Strategic Transport Plan (ASTP) 2011-2015.

Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East-Asia[edit]

The ERIA is tasked with reviewing the proposed Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia or CEPEA, the Japanese proposed trade bloc involving the 16 nations of the East Asia Summit.[5] It was decided at the Third East Asia Summit that the ERIA report on the Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East-Asia would be received at the Fourth East Asia Summit. The Fourth EAS was delayed for almost a year by reason of difficulties in the host nation Thailand.

With the subsequent change of government in Japan, and the discussion by the new administration of the East Asia Community the future of CEPEA is not yet clear.

Subsequently the Fourth East Asia Summit supported further development on trading groupings based around the 13 country ASEAN Plus Three and the 16 country East Asia Summit.[6]

At the subsequent APEC conference Australia announced a million Australian dollars in funding to ERIA to support research into the 16 country bloc.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]