Economic regions of Russia

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Russia is divided into twelve economic regions (Russian: экономи́ческие райо́ны, ekonomicheskiye rayony, sing. ekonomichesky rayon)—groups of federal subjects sharing the following characteristics:

  • Common economic and social goals and participation in development programs;
  • Relatively similar economic conditions and potential;
  • Similar climatic, ecological, and geological conditions;
  • Similar methods of technical inspection of new construction;
  • Similar methods of conducting customs oversight;
  • Overall similar living conditions of the population.

No federal subject can belong to more than one economic region.

Economic regions are also grouped into economic zones (also called "macrozones"). An economic region or its parts can belong to more than one economic zone.

Establishment and abolition of economic regions and economic zones or any changes in their composition are decided upon by the federal government of Russia.

This division into economic regions is different from the division into federal districts—the former is done solely for economic and statistical purposes, while the latter exists solely as a tool to uphold the federal laws on the territory of the country.

List and composition of the economic regions[edit]

The following is the list and composition[1] of the economic regions, sorted by population.

  • Central (Центральный, Tsentralny)
  1. Bryansk Oblast
  2. Ivanovo Oblast
  3. Kaluga Oblast
  4. Kostroma Oblast
  5. federal city of Moscow
  6. Moscow Oblast
  7. Oryol Oblast
  8. Ryazan Oblast
  9. Smolensk Oblast
  10. Tula Oblast
  11. Tver Oblast
  12. Vladimir Oblast
  13. Yaroslavl Oblast
  • Ural (Уральский, Uralsky)
  1. Republic of Bashkortostan
  2. Chelyabinsk Oblast
  3. Kurgan Oblast
  4. Orenburg Oblast
  5. Perm Krai
  6. Sverdlovsk Oblast
  7. Udmurt Republic
  • North Caucasus (Северо-Кавказский, Severo-Kavkazsky)
  1. Republic of Adygea
  2. Chechen Republic
  3. Republic of Dagestan
  4. Republic of Ingushetia
  5. Kabardino-Balkar Republic
  6. Karachay–Cherkess Republic
  7. Krasnodar Krai
  8. Republic of North Ossetia–Alania
  9. Rostov Oblast
  10. Stavropol Krai
  • Volga (Поволжский, Povolzhsky), the traditional name of the region, meaning "the area by the Volga River"
  1. Astrakhan Oblast
  2. Republic of Kalmykia
  3. Penza Oblast
  4. Samara Oblast
  5. Saratov Oblast
  6. Republic of Tatarstan
  7. Ulyanovsk Oblast
  8. Volgograd Oblast
  • West Siberian (Западно-Сибирский, Zapadno-Sibirsky)
  1. Altai Krai
  2. Altai Republic
  3. Kemerovo Oblast
  4. Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
  5. Novosibirsk Oblast
  6. Omsk Oblast
  7. Tomsk Oblast
  8. Tyumen Oblast
  9. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  • East Siberian (Восточно-Сибирский, Vostochno-Sibirsky)
  1. Buryat Republic
  2. Irkutsk Oblast
  3. Republic of Khakassia
  4. Krasnoyarsk Krai
  5. Tuva Republic
  6. Zabaykalsky Krai
  1. Chuvash Republic
  2. Kirov Oblast
  3. Mari El Republic
  4. Republic of Mordovia
  5. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  • Northwestern (Северо-Западный, Severo-Zapadny)
  1. Leningrad Oblast
  2. Novgorod Oblast
  3. Pskov Oblast
  4. federal city of St. Petersburg
  1. Belgorod Oblast
  2. Kursk Oblast
  3. Lipetsk Oblast
  4. Tambov Oblast
  5. Voronezh Oblast
  • Far Eastern (Дальневосточный, Dalnevostochny)
  1. Amur Oblast
  2. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  3. Jewish Autonomous Oblast
  4. Kamchatka Krai
  5. Khabarovsk Krai
  6. Magadan Oblast
  7. Primorsky Krai
  8. Sakha Republic
  9. Sakhalin Oblast
  1. Arkhangelsk Oblast
  2. Republic of Karelia
  3. Komi Republic
  4. Murmansk Oblast
  5. Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  6. Vologda Oblast
  • Kaliningrad (Калининградский, Kaliningradsky)
  1. Kaliningrad Oblast

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Classification of Economic Regions (OK 024-95) as amended by #5-2001