Economy of Tasmania
Traditionally Tasmania's main industries have been: mining, including copper, zinc, tin, and iron; agriculture; forestry; and tourism. Significantly in the 1940s and 1950s there had been a Hydro-Industrialisation initiative embodied in the state by Hydro Tasmania. These all have had varying fortunes over the last century and more, involved in ebbs and flows of population moving in and away dependent upon the specific requirements of the dominant industries of the time.
There had been a decline in manufacturing during the 1990s, leading to a drain of some of the island's trained and experienced working population to mainland Australia. The major urban centres such as Melbourne and Sydney are popular destinations.
Today, a significant number of employed Tasmanians work for the government. Other major employers include the Federal Group, owner of several hotels and Tasmania's two casinos, and Gunns Limited, the state's biggest forestry company, which has recently gone into voluntary administration. In the late 1990s, many national companies based their call centres in the state after obtaining cheap access to broad-band fibre-optic connections.
Historical weaknesses include: A lack of federal infrastructure highway, lack of a gold rush, lack of open immigration initiatives, lack of population, decline in the wool and mineral economies, lack of early colonial initiatives, or lack of foreign investment. For the length of the history of Tasmania there has been a continuing exodus of youth to mainland Australia in order to seek employment opportunities.
Apparently the state's housing market was undervalued in the early part of 2000, and a large boom in the national housing market finally made Tasmanian housing prices rise dramatically. This has in part been attributed to increased levels of interstate and overseas migration. A shortage of rental accommodation has caused problems for many of Tasmania's low income earners.
Small business is a large part of the community life and it is believed by many that the business environment in Tasmania is not an easy one to survive in. However there have been many success stories, such as International Catamarans, Moorilla Estate and Tassal.
Electricity Consumption and Supply
See also Energy in Tasmania
Note: All of the following statistics are sourced from the document "Hydroelectricity in Tasmania"
- Electricity Consumpion: 10,441 GWh (average 2004-2009)
- Residential: 1,984 GWh (19%)
- Commercial and Industrial: 8,457 GWh (81%)
- Electricity Supply: 11,049 GWh (2007-2008)
- Hydro: 7,100 GWh (64.3%)
- HVDC mainland link net inflow: 2,293 GWh (20.8%)
- Gas: 1,200 GWh (10.9%)
- Wind: 429 GWh (3.9%)
- Landfill: 27 GWh (0.2%)
- ABC Television News (Tasmania), 7 p.m. Friday, 27/1/06