List of ecoregions in India

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Because of its size and range of latitude, topography, and climate, India is home to a great diversity of ecoregions, ranging from permanent ice and snow to tropical rainforests. For Regions, see List of regions of India, for Climatic Regions see Climatic regions of India.

The Himalaya, which runs across India's northern tier, is the boundary between two of the Earth's great ecozones — the Palearctic, which covers most of temperate-to-arctic Eurasia, and Indomalaya, which covers most of the Indian subcontinent and extends into Indochina, Sundaland (Malaysia and western Indonesia) and the Philippines.

List of ecoregions in India[edit]

Ecoregion State or union territory Biome Ecozone
Andaman Islands rain forests Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Arunachal Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Assam Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Meghalaya Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Nagaland Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Andhra Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Chhattisgarh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Jharkhand Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Odisha Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Telangana Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Bihar Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Sikkim Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Assam Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bihar Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Jharkhand Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Odisha Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Tripura Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Malabar Coast moist forests Goa Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Malabar Coast moist forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Malabar Coast moist forests Kerala Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Malabar Coast moist forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Malabar Coast moist forests Tamil Nadu Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Lakshadweep Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Meghalaya subtropical forests Assam Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Meghalaya subtropical forests Meghalaya Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Meghalaya subtropical forests Nagaland Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Assam Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Manipur Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Mizoram Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Nagaland Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Tripura Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Nicobar Islands rain forests Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Daman and Diu Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Dadra and Nagar Haveli Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Goa Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Gujarat Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats montane rain forests Goa Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats montane rain forests Gujarat Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats montane rain forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
North Western Ghats montane rain forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Odisha semi-evergreen forests Andhra Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Odisha semi-evergreen forests Odisha Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Kerala Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Tamil Nadu Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats montane rain forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats montane rain forests Kerala Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Western Ghats montane rain forests Tamil Nadu Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bihar Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Delhi Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Haryana Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Himachal Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Rajasthan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttarakhand Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Andhra Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Telangana Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Bihar Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Jharkhand Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Odisha Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Andhra Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Puducherry Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Tamil Nadu Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Daman and Diu Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Gujarat Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Haryana Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Rajasthan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Gujarat Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Maharashtra Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Northern dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Northern dry deciduous forests Odisha Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Karnataka Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Tamil Nadu Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Himachal Pradesh Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Jammu and Kashmir Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Punjab Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Sikkim Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests Uttarakhand Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Himalayan subtropical pine forests West Bengal Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests Manipur Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests Nagaland Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Arunachal Pradesh Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Assam Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Nagaland Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Sikkim Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests West Bengal Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Himachal Pradesh Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Jammu and Kashmir Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Punjab Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Uttarakhand Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Arunachal Pradesh Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Sikkim Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests West Bengal Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Himachal Pradesh Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Jammu and Kashmir Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Uttarakhand Temperate coniferous forests Indomalayan
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Assam Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Indomalayan
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bihar Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Indomalayan
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Uttar Pradesh Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Indomalayan
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Uttarakhand Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Indomalayan
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands West Bengal Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Indomalayan
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh Gujarat Flooded grasslands and savannas Indomalayan
Deccan thorn scrub forests Andhra Pradesh Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Deccan thorn scrub forests Karnataka Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Deccan thorn scrub forests Madhya Pradesh Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Deccan thorn scrub forests Maharashtra Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Deccan thorn scrub forests Tamil Nadu Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Chandigarh Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Delhi Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Gujarat Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Haryana Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Himachal Pradesh Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Jammu and Kashmir Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Punjab Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Northwestern thorn scrub forests Rajasthan Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Thar desert Gujarat Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Thar desert Haryana Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Thar desert Rajasthan Deserts and xeric shrublands Indomalayan
Godavari-Krishna mangroves Andhra Pradesh Mangrove Indomalayan
Godavari-Krishna mangroves Odisha Mangrove Indomalayan
Godavari-Krishna mangroves Tamil Nadu Mangrove Indomalayan
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Daman and Diu Mangrove Indomalayan
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Gujarat Mangrove Indomalayan
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Maharashtra Mangrove Indomalayan
Sundarbans mangroves West Bengal Mangrove Indomalayan
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Arunachal Pradesh Temperate coniferous forests Palearctic
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Jammu and Kashmir Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Arunachal Pradesh Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Sikkim Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Jammu and Kashmir Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Himachal Pradesh Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Jammu and Kashmir Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Himachal Pradesh Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Uttarakhand Montane grasslands and shrublands Palearctic

Global 200 ecoregions in India[edit]

Main article: Global 200

Terrestrial[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]