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Ectogenesis (from the Greek ecto, "outer," and genesis) is the growth of an organism in an artificial environment outside the body in which it would normally be found, such as the growth of an embryo or fetus outside the mother's body, or the growth of bacteria outside the body of a host.
Human embryos and fetuses 
Ectogenesis of human embryos and fetuses would require an artificial uterus. An artificial uterus would have to be supplied by nutrients and oxygen from some source to nurture a fetus, as well as dispose of waste material. There would likely be a need for an interface between such a supplier, filling this function of the placenta. An artificial uterus, as a replacement organ, could be used to assist women with damaged, diseased or removed uteri to avail the fetus to be conceived to term. It also has the potential to move the threshold of fetal viability to a much earlier stage of pregnancy. This would have implications for the ongoing controversy regarding human reproductive rights.
Ectogenesis could also be a means by which homosexuals and single men could have genetic offspring without the use of a Surrogate pregnancy or Sperm Donor, and allow women to have children without going through the pregnancy cycle.
Potential for controversy 
Feminist Alarmist's  are concerned with the viability of men no longer needing women to procreate, alluding to a paradoxical Valerie Solanas S.C.U.M. Manifesto ("Society for Cutting Up Men")  type society without females. 'There are going to be real problems.' said an organiser.  'Some feminists even say artificial wombs mean men could eliminate women from the planet and still perpetuate our species.'   However, some[who?] have noted that similar issues to not appear to result from sperm banks and artificial insemination.
The controversy is the old adage, "the progenitor of the species, rules the species," thus becoming valid for all the sexes, instead of the exclusive influence female "mother's" presently have upon children, within culture, due to anatomy. Ectogenesis allows every sex and/or individual the opportunity to become "mother." Any sex could mother children, "on their own terms," allowing each sex complete autonomy to determine how similar sex children are raised.
Autonomy (independance) necessary in development of self-determination of all sexes. Self-determination needed to negate current cultural social constraints that are considered oppressive. Gender based social constraints prevent equality of the sexes & create power struggles between the sexes which inevitably oppressive children, such as divorce court.
Since the Feminist Movement began, the ideal of removing the oppressive adult male from the home, to allow a more suitable environment for females, has had positive results for both female adults & female children. However, single adult female parenting has had negative results on male children. Similar to female children, male children are more functional & competitive in a same sex single adult parenting home, when & if a seperation occures.
The controversy then becomes, remove the male child from the oppressive single adult female home, to a more suitable environment for the male child, this being a single adult male home. Male's of all ages can thus argue either, adult male's gain full right's of custody of male children or adult male's choose to procreate without female involvement altogether, "on male terms," using Ectogenesis.
Ectogenesis would then become the forefront by which the adult male can thus establish full custody of the male child & all male's can become autonomous from female &/or matriarchal involvement &/or influence relevant to procreation & parenting. Male self-determination, independence, & freedom become an inalienable right of all male's because of male self-preservation &/or self-procreation using Ectogenesis.
The forementioned right's being an inevitability, represented by the autonomy provided through arificial means (ectogenesis), allows the assertion, "men don't need women," the very paradoxical assertion that began the feminist movement.
See also 
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Amniotic fluid
- Liver dialysis
- Tissue engineering
- yourdictionary.com > ectogenesis In turn citing: Webster's New World College Dictionary, 2010 by Wiley Publishing
- ectogenesis. CollinsDictionary.com. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 11th Edition. Retrieved September 23, 2012
- Dr. Scott Gelfand, of Oklahoma State University
- Robin McKie; The Guardian/The Observer, Sunday 10 February 2002.
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