Ecuadorian general election, 1998

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Ecuadorian general election, 1998
Ecuador
1996 ←
May 30, 1998 (1998-05-30) → 2002

  JamilMahuad.jpg
Nominee Jamil Mahuad Álvaro Noboa
Party DP PRE
Running mate Gustavo Noboa Alfredo Castillo
Popular vote 2,243,000 2,140,481
Percentage 51.2% 48.8%

President before election

Fabian Alarcon
FRA

Elected President

Jamil Mahuad
DP

Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ecuador

General elections were held in Ecuador on 31 May 1998, with a second round of the presidential elections on 12 July.[1] The result was a victory for Jamil Mahuad of the DPUDC alliance, who won the run-off with 51.2% of the vote.[2] The DP–UDC alliance also emerged as the largest party in the National Congress, winning 32 of the 120 seats.[3]

Background[edit]

Following the 1996 general elections, President Abdalá Bucaram was removed from office by Congress nine months later on grounds of mental incapacity. Fabian Alarcon thereupon took his place as caretaker Head of State.

Contestants[edit]

The leading contestants of the six (including two women) vying for the presidency were Jamil Mahuad (DP–UDC), the mayor of Quito, and Álvaro Noboa (Ecuadorian Roldosist Party), a wealthy businessman. Campaign debates were marked by personal accusations of drug links and threatened lawsuits between the two rivals, alongside statements on substantive policy questions relating primarily to corruption and the country’s ailing economy. Problems in this latter sector (high inflation, budget deficit) had been aggravated by the sociological and infrastructural damage caused by the climatic phenomenon known as El Niño and the worldwide drop in oil prices, Ecuador’s main export earner. Mahuad advocated an intense program of private investment to achieve a 5% annual growth rate, privatizations, job creation and housing construction.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Jamil Mahuad DPUDC 1,342,114 34.9 2,243,000 51.2
Álvaro Noboa Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 1,022,667 26.6 2,140,481 48.8
Rodrigo Borja Cevallos Democratic Left 619,581 16.1
Freddy Ehlers Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement – New Country 566,917 14.7
Rosalía Arteaga Independent Movement for an Authentic Republic 195,000 5.1
Maria Eugenia Lima Democratic People's Movement 97,522 2.5
Invalid/blank votes 694,021 576,594
Total 4,537,822 100 4,960,075 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,072,496 64.2 7,072,496 70.1
Source: Nohlen

National Congress[edit]

Party Nationwide District Seats +/–
Votes % Votes %
Social Christian Party 839,567 23.8 5,114,369 23.5 26 –1
DPUDC 669,473 19.0 6,008,940 27.6 32 +21
Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 628,265 17.8 4,429,114 20.3 24 +5
Democratic Left 544,088 15.4 3,006,737 13.8 15 +11
Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement – New Country 325,365 9.2 127,891 0.6 5 –3
Democratic People's Movement 151,096 4.3 980,253 4.5 2 0
FRA 54,137 1.5 559,548 2.6 3 +3
Concentration of People's Forces 37,507 1.1 241,002 1.1 0 –1
Ecuadorian Revolutionary Popular Action 28,837 0.8 180,399 0.8 0 –2
National Alfarismo Party 51,515 1.5 13
Latin American People's Union 14,043 0.4 145,410 0.7
Other parties 980,253 4.5
Invalid/blank votes 1,009,881 953,033
Total 4,537,822 100 3,478,524 100 120 +38
Registered voters/turnout 7,072,496 64.2 7,072,496 49.2
Source: Nohlen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p380 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p404
  3. ^ Nohlen, p396