Ecuadorian general election, 2013

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ecuadorian general election, 2013
Ecuador
2009 ←
17 February 2013
→ 2017

  Rafaelcorrea08122006.jpg Guillermo Lasso perfil vertical.jpg Lucio Gutiérrez.jpg
Nominee Rafael Correa Guillermo Lasso Lucio Gutiérrez
Party PAIS Alliance CREO PSP
Running mate Jorge Glas Juan Carlos Solines Pearl Boyes Fuller
Popular vote 4,918,482 1,951,102 578,875
Percentage 57.17% 22.68% 6.73%

President before election

Rafael Correa
PAIS Alliance

Elected President

Rafael Correa
PAIS Alliance

Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ecuador

General elections were held in Ecuador on 17 February 2013 to elect the President, the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies and members of the Andean Parliament.[1] The incumbent President Rafael Correa was re-elected by a wide margin.[2] Correa's closest electoral rival, Guillermo Lasso, conceded the election shortly after it concluded.

The vote had been set for January 2013, but was put back a month to allow a full year to elapse after the reform of election rules.[3]

This was the first election since 1996 held after the natural expiration of a four-year presidential term. This due to a decade of political and economical instability that Ecuador experienced after Abdalá Bucaram was impeached by the former Congress, in late 1997, and that lasted until Correa's inauguration in early 2007.[4]

Background[edit]

The call for general elections happened on October 18, 2012. The election campaigns were officially launched on January 4 and ended on February 14, as announced by CNE member Juan Pablo Pozo.[5]

Voters chose the president and vice president of the Republic, as well as national and provincial assembly members, members of the Andean Parliament, mayors, prefects, and other sectional officials.[6]

The seated President Correa, a two-term incumbent, is credited with bringing stability and prosperity to Ecuador's nearly 15 million people. A staunch friend of Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, he is usually described as "leftist" and "socialist" and is committed to land reform to give unproductive land to poor peasants at the expense of large flower and banana producers. He has vastly expanded the number of workers on the government payroll and clamped down on dissent in the country's news media.[7][8][dubious ] His government has run record-high deficits, while committing to spend more money to combat poverty by granting free health care, as well as education. In 2009, Correa became the first president of Ecuador to win re-election in nearly a half-century.[9]

Democracy Code[edit]

In late 2012, Ecuador's Constitutional Court (CC) ruled on the adoption of the Democracy Code by a 6 to 3 vote in favor. The new resolution made the D'Hondt method of voting constitutional; therefore it was applied in the 2013 elections. The resolution also states that legal restrictions on the work of journalists during elections are unconstitutional.[10]

Presidential elections[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Eight presidential candidates were registered in the National Electoral Council.[11] The candidates were: Rafael Correa of the PAIS Alliance movement, Guillermo Lasso of the Creating Opportunities movement, Lucio Gutiérrez of the PSP party, Alberto Acosta Espinoza, candidate of the Coordinating Committee of the Left, Norman Wray, of the Ruptura 25 movement, Nelson Zavala, of the Roldosist Party, Mauricio Rodas, of the SUMA movement, and Álvaro Noboa, of PRIAN.[12]

Restrictions of the candidate's qualifications[edit]

The National Electoral Council (Spanish-language initials, CNE) approved the regulations for the registration and qualification of candidates running for President, Vice President, Assembly and the Andean Parliament for the election. The regulations established that candidates who have contracts with the State or have received final judgments for offenses penalized with imprisonment such as bribery, illicit enrichment and embezzlement, would not be allowed to participate.[13]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Ecuadorians not only voted on February 17 for their president and vice-president, but as well as for 137 members of the national assembly; drawn from provinces, a national list, and six migrant spots, and for their five Andean Parliament representatives.[14]

Opinion polls[edit]

Surveys generally attributed between 50% and 60% of the votes to President Correa. The seven other candidates lagged far behind; Correa's nearest rival, Guillermo Lasso, was credited with 10—20% of the vote.[15]

Date Institute Alberto Acosta Rafael Correa Norman Wray Nelson Zavala Mauricio Rodas Guillermo Lasso Lucio Gutiérrez Álvaro Noboa
03/08/10 CEDATOS[16] 38% 19% 2.9%
22/10/11 CEDATOS[17] 40% 2.6% 5% 3.1%
13/11/11 Perfiles de Opinión[18] 6.9% 48.9% 3.5% 3.6%
16/03/12 CMS[19] 48.56% 0.52% 4.60% 8.09% 6.98%
14/04/12 Opinión Pública[20] 39% 6% 3%
29/04/12 Perfiles de Opinión[21] 4% 50% 1% 4% 3%
31/05/12 Perfiles de Opinión[22] 2% 52% 1% 6% 3% 4%
15/07/12 Informe Confidencial[23] 3% 50% 1% 17% 8% 4%
04/08/12 Opinión Pública[24] 2% 43% 7% 5% 4%
05/08/12 Perfiles de Opinión[25] 4.9% 53.4% 14.4% 3.3% 6.7%
16/08/12 CMS[26] 6.55% 41.75% 15.82% 8.22% 5.72%
18/08/12 Opinión Pública[27] 2% 44% 8% 4% 3%
27/08/12 CEDATOS[28] 4% 38% 11% 6% 3%
08/09/12 Opinión Pública[29] 2% 44% 0% 9% 5% 2%
16/09/12 Informe Confidencial[30] 5% 48% 18% 8% 4%
18/09/12 CMS[31][32] 48% 10% 6% 2%
26/09/12 Perfiles de Opinión[33][34] 3.8% 55.5% 0.2% 11.4% 6.5% 2.7%
30/09/12 Perfiles de Opinión[35] 2.6% 61.7% 12.6% 3.6% 1.8%
07/10/12 CEDATOS[36] 6.5% 44% 18% 6.9% 2.3%
09/10/12 CMS[37] 4.54% 47.08% 11.03% 3.43% 2.57%
15/10/12 CIEES[38] 7% 51% 1% 13% 8% 5%
22/10/12 Market[39] 3% 38% 24% 11% 4%
27/10/12 Opinión Pública[40] 4% 54% 16% 5%
30/10/12 Market[41] 6.40% 40.20% 23.19% 15.02% 4.31%
31/10/12 CEDATOS[42] 7% 46% 19% 8% 2%
10/11/12 Opinión Pública [43] 3.2% 50.5% 0.1% 0.3% 15.2% 4.6% 2.4%
14/11/12 Market[39] 6% 39% 25% 13% 2%
19/11/12 Perfiles de Opinión[44] 4% 56% 15% 7% 3%
28/11/12 Opinión Pública [45] 3.7% 51.2% 0.3% 0.1% 0.4% 14.9% 5.4% 1.8%
29/11/12 CEDATOS[46] 8% 53% 2% 2% 1% 22% 10% 2%
01/12/12 Opinión Pública [47] 4.7% 51.2% 0.4% 0.4% 0.5% 13.8% 3.1% 2.2%
14/12/12 Perfiles de Opinión[48] 2.8% 62.8% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 10.7% 4.1% 2.1%
15/12/12 Opinión Pública [49] 3.5% 51.2% 0.9% 0.2% 0.7% 14.7% 6% 3.6%
21/12/12 Perfiles de Opinión[50] 3.5% 60.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 11.2% 4.5% 1.8%
06/01/13 CIEES[51] 2.4% 53.3% 0.2% 0.35% 0.55% 14.95% 8.85% 8.45%
10/01/13 Opinión Pública [52] 3.4% 56.7% 0.3% 0.6% 0.5% 12.1% 4.4% 2%
13/01/13 CMS[53] 1.57% 47.65% 0.40% 0.34% 0.42% 7.98% 1.44% 0.80%
18/01/13 Market[54] 6% 49% 2% 2% 1% 18% 12% 4%
23/01/13 Perfiles de Opinión[55] 2% 63% 1% 1% 1% 9% 4% 2%
26/01/13 Opinión Pública [43] 4.4% 55.9% 1.3% 0.6% 1.9% 12.9% 5.2% 2.3%
02/02/13 CIEES[56] 5.2% 53.1% 2.7% 3% 2.1% 19.5% 6.9% 4.3%
05/02/13 ARCOP[57] 4.5% 37.5% 0% 1% 1.5% 29.5% 6.5% 2%
06/02/13 CMS[58] 1.87% 48.18% 0.53% 0.36% 1.36% 9.98% 2.05% 0.85%
07/02/13 Perfiles de Opinión[59] 2.5% 61.5% 0.6% 0.6% 1.3% 9.2% 3.8% 1.6%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Rafael Correa Movimiento Alianza PAIS 4,918,482 57.17
Guillermo Lasso Creating Opportunities 1,951,102 22.68
Lucio Gutiérrez January 21 Patriotic Society Party 578,875 6.73
Mauricio Rodas SUMA 335,532 3.90
Álvaro Noboa Institutional Renewal Party of National Action 319,956 3.72
Alberto Acosta Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 280,539 3.26
Norman Wray Ruptura 25 112,525 1.31
Nelson Zavala Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 105,592 1.23
Invalid/blank votes 863,257
Total 9,465,860 100
Registered voters/turnout 11,675,441 81.09
Source: CNE

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
PR Constituency Abroad Total +/–
Alianza PAIS 45,955,995 52.30 8 86 6 100 +41
Creating Opportunities 10,032,804 11.42 2 9 0 11 New
Social Christian Party 7,901,315 8.99 1 5 0 6 –5
January 21 Patriotic Society Party 4,955,320 5.64 1 4 0 5 –14
Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 4,151,000 4.72 1 4 0 5 –4
Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 3,960,188 4.51 1 0 0 1 –2
SUMA 2,829,034 3.22 1 0 0 1 New
Institutional Renewal Party of National Action 2,640,181 3.00 0 0 0 0 –7
Partido Avanza 2,568,156 2.92 0 5 0 5 New
Ruptura 25 2,179,383 2.48 0 0 0 0 New
Socialist Party – Broad Front of Ecuador 698,829 0.80 0 0 0 0 –1
Independents and Regionalists 3 0 3
Invalid/blank votes 2,083,795
Total 9,443,716 100 15 116 6 137 +13
Registered voters/turnout 11,675,441 80.89
Source: CNE, El Universo

Reactions[edit]

Banker Guillermo Lasso, the runner-up in the vote, conceded his defeat in broad terms, by stating: “I recognise the triumph of President Correa.”[9] Thousands of Correa's backers celebrated in Quito's main square just after the polls closed. Speaking from the balcony of the Presidential Palace, Correa thanked them for their "immense trust.” [60]

References[edit]

  1. ^ To present, 85 institutions are authorized by the National Electoral Council to issue publications | ANDES
  2. ^ Neuman, William (February 17, 2013). "President Correa Handily Wins Re-election in Ecuador". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ "Ecuador's presidential election set for February 2013". Reuters. February 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Los 7 años de Correa en Ecuador: estabilidad en medio de éxitos y críticas" January 17, 2014. La República
  5. ^ Ecuador will convene for elections on October 18 | ANDES
  6. ^ Ecuador Times - CNE Introduced 2013 Election Calendar
  7. ^ Garcia, Eduardo (2013-02-18). "Ecuador's re-elected Correa vows media and land reforms". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  8. ^ Associated Press in Quito (2013-02-18). "Ecuador's President Rafael Correa says citizens will be in charge, not money | World news | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  9. ^ a b Gill, Nathan. "Ecuador Re-Elects Correa on Vow to Spend Amid Record Deficit". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  10. ^ Constitutional Court resolves Democracy Code | EcuadorTimes.net | Breaking News, Ecuador News, World, Sports, Entertainment
  11. ^ The electoral race for votes starts today | EcuadorTimes.net | Breaking News, Ecuador News, World, Sports, Entertainment
  12. ^ On the road and in meetings, eight candidates begin their race for the Ecuadorian presidency | ANDES
  13. ^ CNE issues new restrictions for candidates qualification | EcuadorTimes.net | Breaking News, Ecuador News, World, Sports, Entertainment
  14. ^ Ecuador: Correa launches re-election campaign, socialists give critical support | Green Left Weekly
  15. ^ Rafael Correa's new challenge
  16. ^ http://www.cedatos.com.ec/elecciones.html
  17. ^ http://www.cedatos.com.ec/detalles_noticia.php?Id=85
  18. ^ http://es.scribd.com/doc/74935000/Estudio-de-la-Firma-Perfiles-de-Opinion
  19. ^ http://www.eltelegrafo.com.ec/index.php?option=com_zoo&task=item&item_id=39858&Itemid=2
  20. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=wap_news_view&id=172951
  21. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=172947&umt=82_ecuatorianos_califica_como_positiva_gestion_del_presidente_correa_afirma_paulina_recalde_audio
  22. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=175384&umt=encuesta_da_resultados_adversos_a_politicos_oposicion_en_proximas_elecciones_presidenciales
  23. ^ http://www.larepublica.ec/blog/portada/2012/07/24/lasso-ya-encabeza-el-peloton-de-candidaturas-opuestas-a-correa/
  24. ^ http://www.telegrafo.com.ec/index.php?option=com_zoo&task=item&item_id=50148&Itemid=2
  25. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/Noticias/news_user_view/rafael_correa_lidera_la_preferencia_de_voto_a_nivel_nacional_para_el_2013_aseguran_encuestadoras_perfiles_de_opinion_y_santiago_perez_audio--179388
  26. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=179890&umt=a_seis_meses_elecciones_presidenciales_rafael_correa_lidera_preferencias_afirma_encuestadora_cms
  27. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=180666&umt=presidente_correa_supera_por_40_puntos_a_candidatos_a_presidencia_segun_encuestadoras
  28. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=180212&umt=poledtica_no_figura_entre_prioridades_de_ecuatorianos2c_segfan_encuesta
  29. ^ http://eltelegrafo.com.ec/index.php?option=com_zoo&task=item&item_id=53951&Itemid=2&tmpl=component&print=1
  30. ^ http://www.larepublica.ec/blog/portada/2012/09/28/creo-proclama-a-guillermo-lasso-como-candidato-a-la-presidencia/
  31. ^ http://www.teleamazonas.com/index.php/noticias/nacionales/14587-encuestadoras-presentan-preferencias-electorales-para-el-2013
  32. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=183436&umt=encuestadoras_reducen_a_dos_candidatos_opciones_para_llegar_a_carondelet
  33. ^ http://andes.info.ec/pol%C3%ADtica/7544.html
  34. ^ http://perfilesdeopinion.com/images/pdf/intencin%20de%20voto%20presidente%20total%20y%20gnero_sep12.pdf
  35. ^ http://www.diariopinion.com/ultimahora/verArticulo.php?id=837217
  36. ^ http://www.vistazo.com/webpages/pais/?id=21859
  37. ^ http://twicsy.com/i/mdsgxc
  38. ^ http://twitter.com/CIEESec/status/257952236519444482/photo/1
  39. ^ a b http://www.marketecuador.com/index.php/fe_elecciones/index
  40. ^ http://expreso.ec/expreso/plantillas/nota_print.aspx?idArt=3878268&tipo=2
  41. ^ http://www.ambatonews.com/2012/11/15/correa-40-lasso-23-segun-market
  42. ^ http://www.cedatos.com.ec/detalles_noticia.php?Id=101
  43. ^ a b http://www.telegrafo.com.ec/images/eltelegrafo/Actualidad/2013/05-213-cifras-enuestas.png
  44. ^ http://www.telegrafo.com.ec/index.php?option=com_zoo&task=item&item_id=61908&Itemid=2
  45. ^ http://www.enteratecuador.com/archivos/17771
  46. ^ http://andes.info.ec/pol%C3%ADtica/9553.html
  47. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=188065&umt=rafael_correa_tiene_51_intencion_voto_asegura_encuestadora_opinion_publica_ecuador
  48. ^ http://www.confirmado.net/politica/295-politica/24334-el-ciudadano-rafael-correa-lidera-la-intencion-de-voto-con-el-628-
  49. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=188629&umt=binomio_correa_glas_lidera_intencion_del_voto_en_ecuador_con_un_51_asegura_encuestadora_opinion_publica_e_audio
  50. ^ http://andes.info.ec/pol%C3%ADtica/rafael-correa-lidera-intenci%C3%B3n-voto-ecuatorianos-606.html
  51. ^ http://www.slideshare.net/CIEES2012ECUADOR/cees-16046978
  52. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com.ec/noticias-cuenca/114586-pa-rez-correa-lidera-intencia-n-de-voto/
  53. ^ http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-01/31/content_27842653.htm
  54. ^ http://www.marketecuador.com/index.php/fe_noticias/detalle/11
  55. ^ http://andes.info.ec/node/11857
  56. ^ http://www.slideshare.net/CIEES2012ECUADOR/boletin-04-encuesta-presidencial
  57. ^ La segunda vuelta es muy probable. dice Arcop de México. El Comercio
  58. ^ http://www.ecuadorinmediato.com/index.php?module=Noticias&func=news_user_view&id=190917&umt=rafael_correa_posee_4818_intencion_voto_nacional_afirma_cms_audio
  59. ^ http://www.confirmado.net/politica/295-politica/26083-segun-perfiles-de-opinion-no-habra-segunda-vuelta-electoral-
  60. ^ Neuman, William (18 February 2013). "Rafael Correa Wins Re-election in Ecuador". The New York Times.