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Ecumenopolis (from Greek: οἰκουμένη, meaning "world", and πόλις (polis) meaning "city", thus a city made of the whole world; pl. ecumenopolises or ecumenopoleis) is a word invented in 1967 by the Greek city planner Constantinos Doxiadis to represent the idea that in the future urban areas and megalopoleis would eventually fuse and there would be a single continuous worldwide city as a progression from the current urbanization and population growth trends. Before the word ecumenopolis had been coined, the American religious leader Thomas Lake Harris (1823–1906) mentioned city-planets in his verses, and science fiction author Isaac Asimov used the city-planet Trantor as the setting of some of his novels.
Doxiadis also created a scenario based on the traditions and trends of urban development of his time, predicting at first a European eperopolis ("continent city") which would be based on the area between London, Paris, and Amsterdam.
- A future or alternative Earth, for example:
- The planet Trantor, capital of the Galactic Empire in Isaac Asimov's Foundation Series.
- The Chung-Kuo series by David Wingrove is primarily set 200 years in the future in mile-high, continent-spanning cities made of a super-plastic called "ice".
- Irk from Invader Zim Irken homeworld and imperial capital of the Irken Empire.
- Coruscant, Nar Shadda, Taris, and others, from the Star Wars galaxy.
- The planet Helior, capital of the galactic empire in Harry Harrison's Bill, the Galactic Hero.
- Hearth, the Pierson's Puppeteers' homeworld from Ringworld by Larry Niven.
- Several planets from the computer game series StarCraft.
- Ravnica: City of Guilds is both the name of the ecumenopolis and the name of a three-expansion block in the CCG, Magic: the Gathering.
- Byzantium Secundus, the capital of the Known Worlds in the Fading Suns game universe.
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- Ecumenopolis: Tomorrow's City Constantinos Doxiadis, Britannica Book of the year, 1968.