|Elevation||239 m (784 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Edappadi (also spelt as Idappadi or Edapadi) is a city and a municipality in Salem district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Edappadi was once known for its thriving powerloom industry. The economy is diversified. The main modes of income are agriculture, lorry & heavy truck transport, granite, textile powerloom, entertainment and foundry. It is third largest town in Salem Dt. next to Attur and Mettur. The rocks around the Edappadi is expected to have more number of rare minerals. The name is derived from a group of family name 'Edayar' (means the people who survived with Cow, Buffalo and house animals. Now it is an ideal place for peaceful life and harmony synchronize with nature living. The water was supplied by Cauvery river and 'Periya-yeri' (Big-lake) near Edappadi. It is surrounded by many lakes like, Periyayeri, ChettiYeri, Punka-yeri, Rettipatti-Yeri, Kavadikaranoor-Yeri(Aachampalli Yeri). It is an Ideal spot for Cinema shootings (Rich in Forest, Riverside, Rocky landscape, Village peoples with reality).
Idappadi is located at  It has an average elevation of 288 m (945 ft). It is situated at the basin of the hill called 'Soorieya malai'(Mountain of Sun). The epic says, the Panja Pandavas were resided at the top of the hill during the first year of their 14 years forest living. Still this mountain doesn't have any plants due to its rocky and unusual properties. The research done by Periyar University Geologist shows it consist of rare radioactive minerals. Edappadi has a variable terrain. Sankagiri - Edappadi route via Veerappam Palayem and Sunnambukkuttai is rocky. It is really beautiful view of this town, while seen from 'Konamoori'(A Bridge with dangerous Turns in Kavadikaraoor) busstop via. Sankagiri - Edappadi route. River Cauvery is 6 km away from edappadi. The Government boys school is one of the olddest school in the District started in the year 1940s and it founded by Thiru. Nachiappa Gounder, an eminent personality and an excellent MLA during the 1940s. It produces many Doctors, Engineers, Scientists, sportsmen, NRIs and industrialists. It has second biggest play ground and student strength in Salem Dt. Sarbanka was the river passing through Idappadi. It was originating from servarayan hills. Now It is only carrying left outs and sevages of idappadi residents. The Nanjudeshwarar temple is situated in the centre of the town one of the rare Shivan temples in India..
Located in the Salem district of the state, Idappadi is one of the most important textile areas. River Sarabanga, Soriyankaradu mountain which is 5 km away from the town are the major geographical features of this region.
Spread over an area of 28.22 km2. With a population of over 48804 (2001 Census), the economy of the town revolves around the manufacture of towels and lungies. Poolampatti is the nearest tourist spot and many cinema shootings were taken here.
The climate in Idappadi is very hot in summer and mildly cooler climate in winter. The monsoon rain starts around October to November. May, June will be windy and summer raining season starts.
As of the census of India 2001, Edapadi had a population of 48,815 comprising 25,627 males and 23,188 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 905. A total of 5,665 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 788. The town had an average literacy of 68.49%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 3,174 comprising 7.36% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 4 comprising 0.01% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 11,695 households in the town. As of 2001, Edapadi had a total of 20,841 main workers: 912 cultivators, 2,628 agricultural labourers, 2,493 in house hold industries and 14,808 other workers. There was a total of 2,389 marginal workers: 53 marginal cultivators, 944 marginal agricultural labourers, 199 marginal workers in household industries and 1,193 other marginal workers.
Most of the population is depending on Power Loom weaving. There are thousands of power looms standing idle due to a workforce that is focussed on migrating to other towns is search of higher pay in other industries. Lack of irrigation projects has led to frequent draughts even though a large river (Cauvery) flows just 10 km from the town. The main reason for the poverty of Idappadi is the lack of viable entrepreneural opportunities, electricity and a strong work force.
Edapadi assembly constituency was part of Tiruchengode (Lok Sabha constituency) till 2004.