|Elevation||239 m (784 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Edappadi (also spelt as Idappadi or Edapadi) is a city and a municipality in Salem district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Edappadi was once known for its thriving powerloom industry. The economy is diversified. The main modes of income are agriculture, lorry & heavy truck transport, granite, textile powerloom, entertainment and foundry. It is third largest town in Salem Dt. next to Attur and Mettur. The rocks around the Edappadi is expected to have more number of rare minerals. The name is derived from a group of family name 'Edayar' (means the people who survived with Cow, Buffalo and house animals. Now it is an ideal place for peaceful life and harmony synchronize with nature living. The water was supplied by Cauvery river and 'Periya-yeri' (Big-lake) near Edappadi. It is surrounded by many lakes like, Periyayeri, ChettiYeri, Punka-yeri, Rettipatti-Yeri, Kavadikaranoor-Yeri(Aachampalli Yeri). It is an Ideal spot for Cinema shootings (Rich in Forest, Riverside, Rocky landscape, Village peoples with reality). As of 2011, the town had a population of 54,283.
Idappadi is located at  It has an average elevation of 288 m (945 ft). It is situated at the basin of the hill called 'Soorieya malai'(Mountain of Sun). The epic says, the Panja Pandavas were resided at the top of the hill during the first year of their 14 years forest living. Still this mountain doesn't have any plants due to its rocky and unusual properties. The research done by Periyar University Geologist shows it consist of rare radioactive minerals. Edappadi has a variable terrain. Sankagiri - Edappadi route via Veerappam Palayem and Sunnambukkuttai is rocky. It is really beautiful view of this town, while seen from 'Konamoori'(A Bridge with dangerous Turns in Kavadikaraoor) busstop via. Sankagiri - Edappadi route. River Cauvery is 6 km away from edappadi. The Government boys school is one of the olddest school in the District started in the year 1940s and it founded by Thiru. Nachiappa Gounder, an eminent personality and an excellent MLA during the 1940s. It produces many Doctors, Engineers, Scientists, sportsmen, NRIs and industrialists. It has second biggest play ground and student strength in Salem Dt. Sarbanka was the river passing through Idappadi. It was originating from servarayan hills. Now It is only carrying left outs and sevages of idappadi residents. The Nanjudeshwarar temple is situated in the centre of the town one of the rare Shivan temples in India..
Located in the Salem district of the state, Idappadi is one of the most important textile areas. River Sarabanga, Soriyankaradu mountain which is 5 km away from the town are the major geographical features of this region.
Spread over an area of 28.22 km2. With a population of over 48804 (2001 Census), the economy of the town revolves around the manufacture of towels and lungies. Poolampatti is the nearest tourist spot and many cinema shootings were taken here.
The climate in Idappadi is very hot in summer and mildly cooler climate in winter. The monsoon rain starts around October to November. May, June will be windy and summer raining season starts.
According to 2011 census, Edappadi had a population of 54,823 with a sex-ratio of 946 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 5,411 were under the age of six, constituting 2,759 males and 2,652 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 7.62% and .01% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 64.67%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 14560 households. There were a total of 27,764 workers, comprising 1,327 cultivators, 4,140 main agricultural labourers, 2,071 in house hold industries, 19,257 other workers, 969 marginal workers, 30 marginal cultivators, 129 marginal agricultural labourers, 114 marginal workers in household industries and 696 other marginal workers.
Most of the population is depending on Power Loom weaving. There are thousands of power looms standing idle due to a workforce that is focussed on migrating to other towns is search of higher pay in other industries. Lack of irrigation projects has led to frequent draughts even though a large river (Cauvery) flows just 10 km from the town. The main reason for the poverty of Idappadi is the lack of viable entrepreneural opportunities, electricity and a strong work force.
Edapadi assembly constituency was part of Tiruchengode (Lok Sabha constituency) till 2004.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Idappadi
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Edappadi". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.