|Birth name||Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz|
|Also known as||E.D.D.I.E
El Más Que Escribe
March 26, 1977 |
Río Piedras, Puerto Rico
|Origin||San Juan, Puerto Rico|
|Genres||Rap, hip hop, reggaeton, reggae|
|Labels||Diamond Music, Machete Music|
|Associated acts||Daddy Yankee, Ivy Queen, Tego Calderón, Voltio, Vico C, Zion, Lennox, Nicky Jam|
Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz (born April 26, 1977) better known by his stage name Eddie Dee is a Puerto Rican reggaeton recording artist. He began his career in 1990 and launched his debut studio album three years later. His second album became popular in Puerto Rico and was titled Tagwut in 1997. It featured the hit single "Señor Official". His following releases El Terrorista de la Lírica (2000) and Biografía (2001), too enjoyed underground success. The 2004 album 12 Discípulos is regarded as "the greatest reggaetón various artist album of all times". The album features songs by some of the most successful reggaetón artist, including the intro of the album, where they all come together as one to show that "unity is needed for the genre reggaetón to survive and evolve". It was a collaboration between eleven other artist including Daddy Yankee, Tego Calderon, Ivy Queen, and Vico C among others, who were among the most requested at the time. The track, known as "Los 12 Discípulos" or "Quítate Tu Pa' Ponerme Yo" reached number eight on the Billboard Tropical Songs chart, and was nominated for a 2005 Billboard Latin Music Award for "Tropical Airplay Track of the Year, New Artist". The album itself reached number one on the Billboard Tropical Albums chart for three nonconsecutive weeks.
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Eddie Dee was born Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz on April 26, 1977 to his mother Diomaris Ortiz and father Eddie Ávila. He began singing and composing songs at an early age before beginning his musical career in 1990. In 1993, he released his debut album Eddie & The Ghetto Crew. Following the album, he began gaining popularity within Puerto Rico by collaborating with other artists. Eddie Dee became popular with the 1997 single "Señor Official," from his second studio album Tagwut (1997), which detailed "the injustices that young Puerto Rican men suffered at the hands of the police." It was a commercial success reaching number one in Puerto Rico. The album gained him a "Puerto Rican Rap and Reggae Award for Best Lyrics" the same year.
He experienced underground success with his following two releases El Terrorista de la Lírica (2000) and Biografía (2001). In 2004, Dee launched 12 Discípulos which reached number one on the Billboard Tropical Albums chart for three nonconsecutive weeks. It also reached number five on the Billboard Latin Albums chart. "Cuando Es/Wao" was released as the lead single. The title track, "Los 12 Discípulos" was released as the second single and reached number eight on the Billboard Tropical Songs chart. It was nominated for a 2005 Billboard Latin Music Award for "Tropical Airplay Track of the Year, New Artist". It featured Daddy Yankee, Ivy Queen, Tego Calderón, Voltio, Vico C, Zion, Lennox, Nicky Jam, Johnny Prez, Gallego, and Wiso G. Also in 2004, Dee co-wrote Daddy Yankee's super-hit "Gasolina" from his 2004 album Barrio Fino which became a commercial success in the United States and introduced reggaeton to American, European, Asian, and African audiences, alongside Ivy Queen's Diva and Real and Tego Calderon's El Enemy de los Guasibiri. According to the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, he is "your rapper's favorite rapper".
- Studio albums
- 1993: Eddie Dee & The Ghetto Crew
- 1997: Tagwut
- 2000: El Terrorista De La Lírica
- 2004: 12 Discípulos
- 2005: 12 Discípulos: Special Edition
- TBA: El Diario
- 2007: The Final Countdown
- TBA: 180 Grados
- Compilation albums
- 2001: Biografía
- 2009: Oro Reggaetonero: 20 Éxitos
- 12 Discípulos — Special Edition. (CD liner). Eddie Dee. 2005. Pimpking Music under exclusive license from Diamond Music and Eddie Dee. Manufactured and distributed by Machete Music, a division of Universal Music Group Recordings, Inc., 303 N. Glenoaks Blvd., Suite 300, Burbank, CA. 91502, through Universal Music & Video Distribution Corp. 0101301022.
- "Los 12 Discípulos LIVE! from the Grammys". New Musical Express. IPC Media Entertainment Network. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Latin Urban Revolution: Eddie Dee". ASCAP. American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. June 6, 2006. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Ben-Yehuda, Ayala (March 31, 2007). "Reggaetón Royalty – Ivy Queen Earns Her Crown As A Very Male Subgenre's Only Female Star". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Gutierrez, Evan. "Eddie Dee - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "February 28, 2004: Billboard Top Tropical Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 21, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "February 21, 2004: Billboard Top Latin Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 21, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "12 Discípulos". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Eddie Dee - Chart History: Tropical Airplay". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "2005 Billboard Latin Music Awards Finalists". Billboard (United States: Nielsen Business Media). 2005. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- Carney Smith, Jessie. Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture. ABC-CLIO, 2010, p. 1199.
- Trivino, Jesus (2013-04-18). "Reggaeton Performer Updates & Bios: Where Are They Now?". Latina. Latina Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2013.