Eddy Blondeel

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Edouard "Eddy" Blondeel
Kolonel Blondeel.jpg
Nickname(s) Captain Blunt
Born (1906-01-25)25 January 1906
Ghent, Belgium
Died 23 May 2000(2000-05-23) (aged 94)
Brussels, Belgium
Allegiance  Belgium
Service/branch Free Belgian Forces
Belgian Army
Years of service 1929-1930
1939-1947
Rank Lieutenant-Colonel
Unit 5th SAS
1st Parachute Battalion
Battles/wars
Awards
Other work Engineer

Lieutenant-Colonel Dr. (Dent.) Edouard "Eddy" Blondeel DSO (January 25, 1906 – May 23, 2000) was the wartime commander of the Belgian 5th SAS. After the war he was first C.O. of the 1st Regiment of Parachutists. He retired from the army in 1947 to work as an engineer with Wiggins Teape.[1]

Early life[edit]

Eddy Blondeel was born in Ghent on 25 January 1906. He initially studied at the Deutsche Schule in Gent but in 1914 with the outbreak of World War I his parents no longer wanted him to be educated at a German school so he left and went to a Belgian state school which was bilingual (French/Dutch).

In his youth he had excelled at basketball, fencing and rowing and at the age of 13 he had taken up scouting, which he claimed helped develop his character. Before the Second World War he was appointed Commissioner of Scouts in the Flanders area of Belgium. Later he was to study Engineering at Ghent University and from these differing environments his linguistic abilities were developed.

He fulfilled his National Service in an Artillery Regiment, where he was promoted from private to sergeant in under a year.

After his time as a conscript he set up practice as an engineer, but felt he wanted to be more involved in serving people. In 1934 he decided to study medicine and specialize in dentistry. Hard work gained him a diploma with distinctions at the University of Brussels, and he won a scholarship that enabled him to continue his medical studies at North Western University near Chicago. He subsequently earned a doctorate in Dentistry.[1]

World War II[edit]

In 1940 he received orders to report to Joliette in Quebec, Canada, the rallying centre for Belgians living in North America. There he inspired his compatriots with tremendous enthusiasm and fighting spirit as they underwent training with the Canadian Army. In 1942, he was appointed to command the Belgian company that was to embark in June of that year to Britain. In England his whole unit without exception volunteered to form the Belgian Independent Parachute Company. The men trained at various locations, including the parachute school at Ringway (near Manchester), the airborne centre at Hardwick and the glider base at Brize Norton. In 1943, the Belgians underwent a course based at Inverlochy Castle and completed their training in Scotland with other Paratrooper units. These included the 3rd and 4th French Parachute Battalions (the latter commanded by the one armed Commandant Bourgoin) as well as 1st and 2nd (British) SAS.[2]

As a leader Blondeel proved immensely popular and had an exceptional memory. He also had a charming, slightly eccentric side. It was said that in the hours before dawn, when his squadron was due to drop behind enemy lines, a light would be seen burning in his hut; there he was found polishing up his Russian verbs in preparation for the link up with Soviet forces.

On August 28, 1944, Blondeel, then a Major, was parachuted into the Ardennes forest. An advanced party had sent a signal advising against anyone joining them, as the enemy was so thick on the ground. Blondeel, however in typical style insisted on going in view of the speed with which the battle was moving. His leadership and courage inspired the local Maquis as well as his own men. By a series of highly successful ambushes, Blondeel and the men under his command did much to delay and harass the withdrawal.

In 1944 it was decided that the Belgian SAS Paratroopers were to be kept in reserve. Blondeel believed this would be for some operations in Belgium. That view changed when he was informed by Brigadier McLeod (Commanding officer of the SAS Brigade) that the Belgian authorities did not want the Belgian SAS to be the first in to Belgium. Blondeel did not understand and visited the Belgian authorities in London to find out why. Brigadier McLeod also found the Belgian government’s stance odd but as a result could now only plan for Belgian drops in France. It was decided a total of 14 squads of Belgian parachutists would be dropped in France. Blondeel grew tired of the politics going on in the background and gave an officer called Lt. Renkin a mission to get in contact with the Belgian resistance. Renkin was dropped in France and passed the frontier into Belgium. When Blondeel heard by radio that he had passed the frontier, he asked Brigadier McLeod, if he could be dropped with some men to join Renkin. When Blondeel pointed out the drop zone on a map the Brigadier's response was 'But, this drop zone is in Belgium'. 'Oh' Blondeel answered nonchalantly 'I hadn’t noticed'. 'OK' the Brigadier replied, "In that case I didn’t notice either". So Blondeel was dropped with some men in Belgium at Gedinne. His squad was almost immediately in action with the resistance when he received a message from London stating that 'The Belgian government are not happy' but by that stage the deed had already been done. After the war Blondeel explained that he believed the reasons were largely down to Jean-Baptiste Piron as he had desperately wanted his Brigade to be the first in Belgium.[3]

Regardless, shortly after this Belgian operation, the Squadron traveled to Brussels and Blondeel visited home where he saw his wife and two little daughters again for the first time in five years. This he would later recall was his best memory of the war. From December 20–23, 1944 a detachment of armed jeeps under Blondeel’s command reconnoitered in the Marche area, under the general use of the 29th Armoured Brigade. From December 28 to January 14, 1945 they operated in the same role under the 6th Airborne Division with marked success. It was thanks to Blondeel’s organization and training that the unit adapted so well to a new role and integrated effectively with British troops. He was determined that his Squadron should successfully accomplish any task offered to it.[4]

The Squadron arrested numerous Nazi war criminals, including Joachim von Ribbentrop (in Hanover by Belgian SAS Sergeant Jacques Goffinet) and helped in the arrest of the Dönitz Government in Flensburg. Just before the German surrender, Blondeel's squadron was operating near Godensholt in Germany when he was ordered to undertake an operation, which could have resulted in heavy casualties. However, just as the patrol was setting out, the order was received to cease all hostilities! Blondeel called everyone together for a celebration feast and sat down at the piano playing classics and popular war melodies, ending with Auld Lang Syne. 'We must now face the uncertainties and complexities of peace', he remarked.

Later life[edit]

Blondeel faced great difficulties in a small country like Belgium, hindered by bureaucracy and politics (it is said he never promoted to the rank of General due to some politicians' dislike of him). Before leaving the Army he made sure that his wartime unit was not disbanded, and set up the Belgian SAS Regimental Association, of which he was elected President. In 1947, Blondeel took up engineering again in a paper company. It was taken over by Wiggins Teape in 1974 but Blondeel stayed on there and eventually retired in 1981 at the age of 75.

In later years, he continued to serve Belgium in many ways. He was appointed General Commissioner for Scouts, elected Governor of the Belgian Rotary club and President of Mars and Mercure (a reserve officers association). He also accepted various visiting academic posts in Canada and the United States.

Personal life[edit]

He married, in 1932, Elza Francisca Van Gorp and they had two daughters. In 2000 he died in Brussels, aged 94.

Medals and decorations[edit]

BEL Kroonorde Commandeur BAR.svg Order of the Crown, Commander grade
BEL Order of Leopold II - Commander BAR.png Order of Leopold II, Commander grade with palm
Officer Ordre de Leopold.png Leopold Order, Officer Grade with palm
Oorlogskruis with Palm.jpg Belgian War Cross 1940-1945 with palm
BEL Commemorative Medal of the War 1940-1945.png Commemorative Medal of the War 1940-1945 with crossed sabres
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Legion d'honneur, Officer Grade
Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with palm (France) - ribbon bar.png French Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with palm
LUX Croix de Guerre ribbon.svg Luxembourg War Cross
Neth bronzelion rib.PNG Bronze Lion (Netherlands)[5]
Dso-ribbon.png Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
39-45 Star BAR.svg 1939-1945 Star
France and Germany Star BAR.svg France and Germany Star
Defence Medal BAR.svg Defence Medal
War Medal 39-45 BAR.svg War Medal 1939-1945
Wings badge.JPG British Parachute Badge

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.belgiansas.com/blondeel.html
  2. ^ http://www.para-cdo.be/1Para/para.htm
  3. ^ GENOT E., Rode Mutsen, Groene Mutsen.
  4. ^ DE PIERPONT G.,Deel2: de geschiedenis van de SAS parachutisten van 1942 tot 1952
  5. ^ Koninklijk Besluit van 19 september 1950 (Royal Decree 19th september 1950)