Eden (New Zealand electorate)
The 1870 electoral redistribution was undertaken by a parliamentary select committee based on population data from the 1867 census. Eight sub-committees were formed, with two members each making decisions for their own province; thus members set their own electorate boundaries. The number of electorates was increased from 61 to 72, and Eden was one of the new electorates.
The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of inner-city suburbs in the central-south part of Auckland.
The Eden electorate was created in 1871 for the 5th Parliament. The first elected representative was Robert James Creighton, who won the 1871 election. He was succeeded in 1876 by Joseph Tole, who served until 1887. In the 1879 election, Tole beat Frederick Whitaker. Edwin Mitchelson won the 1887 election. He served three parliamentary terms until 1896, when he unsuccessfully contested the City of Auckland electorate.
John Bollard was the next representative, elected in the 1896 election. He held the electorate until 1914. In the 1899 election, he had a wafer-thin majority of just four votes over Malcolm Niccol. Bollard was succeeded by James Parr, who won the 1914 election. Parr resigned on 26 March 1926, as he had been appointed as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.
Rex Mason won the resulting 1926 by-election, as the Reform Party vote was split between two candidates. He held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1928. He was succeeded by Arthur Stallworthy, who won in the 1928 election. He was defeated in 1935 by Bill Anderton, who held Eden until 1946, when he was elected for Auckland Central. Wilfred Fortune won Eden in 1946 and held the electorate for three terms until 1954, when he was defeated for the Onslow electorate.
Members of Parliament
Eden was represented by 15 Members of Parliament.
|General election, 1899: Eden|
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- Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
- Scholefield 1925, p. 86.
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- Scholefield 1925, p. 118.
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- Scholefield 1940, p. 124.
- "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "The General Elections". The Star (6668). 14 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
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- Scholefield, Guy, ed. (1940). A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography : M–Addenda II. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
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- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.