Eden (New Zealand electorate)

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Eden is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland.

Population centres[edit]

The 1870 electoral redistribution was undertaken by a parliamentary select committee based on population data from the 1867 census. Eight sub-committees were formed, with two members each making decisions for their own province; thus members set their own electorate boundaries. The number of electorates was increased from 61 to 72, and Eden was one of the new electorates.[1]

The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of inner-city suburbs in the central-south part of Auckland.

History[edit]

The Eden electorate was created in 1871 for the 5th Parliament.[2] The first elected representative was Robert James Creighton, who won the 1871 election.[3] He was succeeded in 1876 by Joseph Tole, who served until 1887.[4] In the 1879 election, Tole beat Frederick Whitaker.[5] Edwin Mitchelson won the 1887 election. He served three parliamentary terms until 1896, when he unsuccessfully contested the City of Auckland electorate.[6]

John Bollard was the next representative, elected in the 1896 election. He held the electorate until 1914.[7] In the 1899 election, he had a wafer-thin majority of just four votes over Malcolm Niccol.[8][9] Bollard was succeeded by James Parr, who won the 1914 election. Parr resigned on 26 March 1926, as he had been appointed as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.

Rex Mason won the resulting 1926 by-election, as the Reform Party vote was split between two candidates. He held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1928. He was succeeded by Arthur Stallworthy, who won in the 1928 election. He was defeated in 1935 by Bill Anderton, who held Eden until 1946, when he was elected for Auckland Central. Wilfred Fortune won Eden in 1946 and held the electorate for three terms until 1954, when he was defeated for the Onslow electorate.

Premier and Attorney-General Frederick Whitaker stood unsuccessfully for Eden in 1879; as did John Kerr in 1871.

The electorate was abolished in 1996, when it was replaced by the new MMP electorate of Epsom.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Eden was represented by 15 Members of Parliament.

Key

 Independent    Reform    Labour    United    National  

Election Winner
1871 election Robert Creighton
1876 election Joseph Tole
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election Edwin Mitchelson
1890 election
1893 election
1896 election John Bollard
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election James Parr
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1926 by-election Rex Mason
1928 election Arthur Stallworthy
1931 election
1935 election Bill Anderton
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Wilfred Fortune
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Duncan Rae
1957 election
1960 election John Rae
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Mike Moore
1975 election Aussie Malcolm
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Richard Northey
1987 election
1990 election Christine Fletcher
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Eden[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition John Bollard 2,255 50.04
Liberal Malcolm Niccol[8] 2,251 49.96
Majority 4 0.09
Informal votes 52 0.94
Turnout 4,558 82.30
Registered electors 5,538

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 39.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 86.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 141.
  5. ^ Stone, R. C. J. "Whitaker, Frederick - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 118.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 79.
  8. ^ a b Scholefield 1940, p. 124.
  9. ^ a b "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "The General Elections". The Star (6668). 14 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 

References[edit]