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|Garden of Eden|
Eden Park viewed from Mount Eden
|Location||Reimers Ave, Kingsland, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Owner||Eden Park Trust Board|
|Operator||Eden Park Trust Board|
|Capacity||50,000. (60,000 with temporary seating)|
|Blues (Super Rugby)
Auckland Rugby Football Union (ITM Cup)
Auckland Aces (State Championship/State Shield/State Twenty20)
Eden Park is New Zealand's largest stadium. Located in the heart of Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, it is centrally located three kilometres southwest of Auckland's CBD, straddling the boundary between the suburbs of Mount Eden and Kingsland.
Eden Park's rich sporting and social history, and its international profile, is unmatched by any other stadium in the country. Although used primarily for Rugby Union in winter and Cricket in summer, more recently it has hosted international Rugby League and NRL games as well as A-League Football. To accommodate these changes of code, the cricket pitch is removable.
In 2011 Eden Park hosted a number of pool games, two quarter-finals, both semi-finals and the final of Rugby World Cup 2011. In doing so it became the first stadium in the world to host two Rugby World Cup Finals, having held the inaugural final in 1987.
The stadium has been selected as a venue for the 2015 Cricket World Cup, which will be jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand.
Eden Park has been in existence as a sports ground since 1900. It began its life as a swamp, but by 1914 the ground had been drained and turned into two ovals. Eden Park was exclusively a cricket ground in its early years, known variously as the Kingsland Cricket Ground and, after a merger with the Eden Cricket Club, as the Eden Cricket Ground. The name ‘Eden Park’ settled into general usage sometime around 1912, soon after it had been taken over by the Auckland Cricket Association (which was founded in 1883). Still to this day the home of Auckland Cricket, Eden Park has hosted many international Tests, One Day International and Twenty/20 cricket matches. Rugby first came to the park in 1913 when, after negotiations with the Auckland Cricket Association, Auckland Rugby was granted a 21-year lease to use the park for games during the winter season. The first test rugby game at Eden Park was held on 27 August 1921, when the Springboks beat the All Blacks 9–5 before a crowd of 40,000. The Auckland Rugby Football Union officially made Eden Park its home in 1925. In 1926 a Trust was set up that provided for a group of Trustees to manage Eden Park primarily for the benefit of Auckland Cricket and Auckland Rugby. The Trust still manages the Park today. The ground is not simply a venue for rugby and cricket matches – as well as the occasional soccer, league and hockey internationals, plus major track and field events like the 1950 British Empire Games, Eden Park has been the stage for British royalty, Russian gymnasts and the Dalai Lama.
Chronology of Major Happenings 
1900 -11 Started its life as a cricket ground with the Kingsland Cricket club renting land close to what is now Sandringham Road. Subsequently the Eden Cricket Club purchased circa 15 acres in that area from John Walters and Alexander Leith and progressively developed the land as a cricket ground. The area was affectionately known in some circles as the “the pond” because of its propensity to flood after heavy rain. Major drains were cut during this early period.
1911 The Auckland Cricket Association purchased the land from the Eden Cricket Club, supported by the personal guarantees of a number of well known Auckland businessman whose families are synonymous with the park over a number of generations. They include the Hay family and the family of the Rugby World Cup NZ chief executive Martin Snedden.
1913 Rugby first came to the park when Auckland Rugby was granted a 21-year lease to use the park for games during the winter season. Auckland Rugby built a grandstand with a capacity of 3,000
1914 First International Cricket match Auckland v Australia. First rugby match was a club match Ponsonby v City and later that season the first representative match Auckland v Canterbury.
1921 First International Rugby New Zealand v South Africa, won by South Africa 9/5 before a crowd of 40,000.
1926 Trust established which settled the beneficial ownership of the park for Auckland Cricket and Auckland Rugby and the management of the park with a Board of Control comprising members from Auckland Cricket and Auckland Rugby and the Eden Park Trust Board.
1930 Lions v New Zealand 3rd test -won by New Zealand 15/10 – attendance 45,000 . Development work commenced on terraces/embankment.
1931 New Zealand v Australia – won by New Zealand 20/13.
1933 Cricket Test New Zealand v MCC- not officially recognised as a test until later. Walter Hammond set what was then an individual test batting record – 336 not out.
1935 Hockey New Zealand v India.
1937 New Zealand v South Africa won by South Africa 17/6 – attendance 58,000.
1950 British Empire games- Opening ceremony and athletics held at the park. Lions v New Zealand won by New Zealand 11/8- game remembered for Ken Jones the “Welsh Flyer” scoring a runaway try under the posts at the Western end in the dying stages of the game.
1955 Cricket Test New Zealand v MCC (New Zealand 26 all out in the 2nd innings – still the lowest test score in cricket history. Parliament passed the Eden Park Trust Act which enshrined the governance structure of the park which was to last until 2009.
1956 West Stand built. Historic first cricket test win for New Zealand v West Indies. Historic first rugby test series win for New Zealand v South Africa Final test victory 11/5. Game notable for post match comment by try scoring hero Peter Jones “I’m absolutely buggered”. Record attendance estimated at 63,000 plus 5,000 in Scotsmen’s grandstands adjoining the park.
1957 International soccer Auckland v FK Austria.
1958 New South Stand completed- the first of the major stand developments – capacity 10000 – this is the stand (much modified) which was demolished for the new South Stand development for RWC 2011.
1959 New South Stand completed – old grandstand relocated to Counties. Lions v New Zealand – won by Lions 9/6 – Bev Risman’s great solo try a standout memory.
1964 New North Stand development completed in the area formerly the embankment – capacity 9000.
1966 Development of Eastern terraces commences- work continues progressively until 1972.
1968 Eastern Terraces completed.
1969 Rugby Test New Zealand v Wales- won by New Zealand 33/12. The first tour of New Zealand by a Welsh rugby team.
1972 First class cricket matches commence on the No 2 (Outer) oval.
1974 Cricket test New Zealand v Australia – surprisingly the first against Australia with full official test status. Visit and display by Russian gymnasts including Olga Korbut.
1975 Famous “flood test” New Zealand v Scotland played in conditions more suited to water polo- won by New Zealand 24/0.
1981 Infamous “flour bomb” rugby test New Zealand v South Africa- won by New Zealand 25/22. The opposition to apartheid and the tour came to a head with barbed wire barricades around the ground, protesters in the streets outside and the park being buzzed by a light plane raining flour bombs on the playing surface while the game was being played.
1982 One Day Cricket game v Australia – attendance 43,000- record for a cricket game in New Zealand – also notable for Australian batsman Greg Chappell dealing to an on ground streaker with his bat. Indoor cricket school and cricket stand built on No 2 oval.
1987 Inaugural Rugby World Cup. Won by New Zealand who beat France in the final 29/9.
1988 Park used for Rugby League World Cup Final New Zealand v Australia – won by Australia 25/12 Soccer- Olympic qualifying series, New Zealand, Australia, Taiwan, Israel.
1989 South Stand modified with a cantilever structure to accommodate 28 corporate boxes.
1991 New West Stand completed – 4,200 seats. South West Corporate boxes (20) and Taverners Club stand completed. Park capacity now circa 47,000.
1992 World Cricket Cup hosted jointly with Australia. Pakistan defeated New Zealand in the semi final at the park.
1993 Major work undertaken to sand slit playing surface.
1999 ASB Stand opened replacing the stand built in 1964 – Resource Consent for use of lights permits night sport to be played at the park. Capacity of park- circa 47,000.
2002 Hall of Legends opens for tours. Introduction to the park of portable pitch technology for cricket pitches. Main oval now only uses portable pitches 24 pitch fully enclosed cricket practice facility on the Outer Oval completed. Visit by the Dalai Lama.
2003 Complete reconstruction of playing surface on the main oval with the introduction of “Motz” turf. A turf farm established at a remote site.
2005 Lions Tour- New Zealand won the final test 38/19. New Zealand awarded 2011 Rugby World Cup with Eden Park as the major host.
2007 Eden Park finally confirmed by New Zealand Government as the venue to host the final and government commits funding for the redevelopment.
2008 Redevelopment commences. Capacity on completion in 2010 – for World Cup- 60,000. Legacy post World Cup – 50,000.
2010 Redevelopment officially opened by NZ prime minister Rt Hon John Key – 10.10.10. Opening event post- redevelopment Rugby League Four Nations double header. First cricket game in new ground – Twenty/20 v Pakistan.
2011 7th Rugby World Cup commences 9 September 2011 with Eden Park as the major host venue. Eden Park hosts Opening Ceremony, five pool games, two Quarter-finals, both Semi-finals and the Final of the Rugby World Cup 2011. All Black victory over France 8–7, attendance 61,079. Eden Park hosts its first game of professional club football with A-League fixture between Wellington Phoenix and Adelaide United. 1–1 draw, attracting 20,078 supporters – a new attendance record for Phoenix.
The $256 million redevelopment that was completed in October 2010 provided a permanent capacity of 50,000 and the ability to add a further 10,000 temporary seats for the 2011 Rugby World Cup games. This is the largest of any New Zealand sports arena. There are no standing areas. Temporary seating in front of the North Stand and the West Stand (usually only used for international rugby matches) is required for the capacity to be reached. Due to sight-screens and the larger area required for cricket matches, cricket capacity is less.
The redevelopment project included a new three-tier South stand which replaced the old South and West stands,with a capacity of 24,000, and a new three-tier East stand which replaced the Terraces. The number of covered seats increased from 23,000 to 38,000. The redeveloped Eden Park also features an internal concourse that allows people to circulate around the grounds inside the stadium and several world-class facilities, including food and beverage outlets, toilets and corporate areas, were incorporated. The open plan approach to the design and establishment of a community centre and green space, as well as the removal of the perimeter fence, all mean that the stadium has become more publicly accessible and a part of the neighbourhood.
There were public concerns about the height of the new structure and its shading effect on many nearby houses. Auckland City Council received 470 submissions towards Eden Park's resource consent application – over 300 of which were in favour of the redevelopment. On 26 January 2007, Eden Park received resource consent, but 91 conditions were imposed. The consent permitted the building of new stands in place of the terraces and south stand, but did not include consent for the NZ$ 385 million 'full option' which would have included covered seating.
Possible alternative stadium for the RWC 
In September 2006 it was announced that instead of Eden Park, the Government and Auckland City Council were assessing the possibility of a new stadium on Auckland's waterfront to host the 2011 Rugby World Cup. This assessment was part of the Government's formal due diligence process on the decision to redevelop Eden Park. The Government had said it would assist with the funding if a new stadium was built.
The Government announced in a report in November 2006 that it would favour a new stadium on the Auckland City waterfront, which would have meant that the Eden Park redevelopment would not have gone ahead, and that eventually, new options for its use or redevelopment would have to be developed.
After the Auckland City Council and the Auckland Regional Council differed in their support for the new stadium, the Government changed to supporting the redevelopment of Eden Park, subject to suitable resolution of the design, funding and governance issues.
IRB Rugby World Cup 2011 
Eden Park was the largest stadium selected for the 2011 Rugby World Cup. After the 2011 Canterbury earthquakes, the two quarter final matches (scheduled to be held in the AMI Stadium in Christchurch), were moved to Eden Park. Eden Park therefore played host to the opening ceremony and also hosted the following 11 matches:
|Date||Team No. 1||Res.||Team No. 2||Round||Attendance|
|2011-09-09||New Zealand||41–10||Tonga||Pool A (opening match)||60,214|
|2011-09-24||New Zealand||37–17||France||Pool A||60,856|
|2011-10-08||England||12–19||France||Quarter Final 2||49,105|
|2011-10-09||New Zealand||33–10||Argentina||Quarter Final 4||57,192|
|2011-10-15||Wales||8–9||France||Semi Final 1||58,630|
|2011-10-16||Australia||6–20||New Zealand||Semi Final 2||60,087|
On 23 October 2011, Eden Park became the first ground to host two Rugby World Cup finals, after hosting the inaugural tournament final in 1987. Also, the four teams that reached the semi-finals in 2011 were the same teams that reached the semi-finals in 1987. Furthermore, the third-place and final matches consist of the same national teams as in 1987.
ICC Cricket World Cup 2015 
Rugby league 
The New Zealand Warriors played their first ever NRL match at Eden Park to start the 2011 NRL season in front of a crowd of 38,405. The Warriors also played their first home match of the 2012 and 2013 seasons at Eden Park.
In 2012 the annual ANZAC Test between Australia and New Zealand was played at Eden park.
Eden Park has played host to three New Zealand National Team games; friendlies against South Africa and FK Austria Wien in 1947 and 1957 respectively, and an Olympic qualifier against Israel for the Seoul Olympics in 1988. They were defeated in all three games.
On 19 November 2011, Eden Park hosted its first game of professional club football. The A-League regular season fixture between Wellington Phoenix and Adelaide United resulted in a 1–1 draw. The game attracted 20,078 supporters, a new attendance record for the Phoenix. The Phoenix will return to Eden Park on 2 February 2013 against long-distance rivals Perth Glory.
See also 
- 2011 Rugby World Cup
- 1987 Rugby World Cup
- 1985–1988 Rugby League World Cup
- List of Test cricket grounds
- List of international cricket centuries at Eden Park
- Stadium New Zealand
- "Garden of Eden to make us proud". Rugby Heaven. 6 April 2008. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- Ihaka, James (9 September 2010). "Stadium has World Cup experience wrapped up". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Satherley, Dan (18 February 2013). "Mayor defends Eden Park deal". 3 News NZ.
- "Council votes to accept Eden Park 'gift'". NZ Herald. 15 February 2013.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Eden Park.
- Orsman, Bernard (27 January 2007). "Eden Park upgrade takes step ahead". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "It's Eden Park says disappointed Mallard". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 27 November 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Michael Burgess Soccer back on Eden turf, The New Zealand Herald, 13 November 2011. Retrieved on 13 November 2011.
- "Massive crowd turns out for Phoenix match". TVNZ. 19 November 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "WELLINGTON PHOENIX V PERTH GLORY". Eden Park. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
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