Edgar Allan Poe Museum (Richmond, Virginia)
|Location||1914 E. Main St.,
Old Stone House
|Area||1 acre (0.4 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||November 14, 1973|
|Designated VLR||October 16, 1973|
The Edgar Allan Poe Museum is a museum located in Richmond, Virginia, dedicated to American writer Edgar Allan Poe. Though Poe never lived in the building, it serves to commemorate his time living in Richmond. The museum holds one of the world's largest collections of original manuscripts, letters, first editions, memorabilia and personal belongings. The museum also provides an overview of early 19th century Richmond, where Poe lived and worked. The museum features the life and career of Edgar Allan Poe by documenting his accomplishments with pictures, relics, and verse, and focusing on his many years in Richmond.
Old Stone House
The Museum is housed in the "Old Stone House", built circa 1740 and cited as the oldest original building in Richmond. It was built by Jacob Ege, who immigrated from Germany to Philadelphia in 1738 and came to the James River Settlements and Col. Wm. Byrd's land grant (now known as Richmond) in the company of the family of his fiancée, Maria Dorothea Scheerer, whom he later married; the house was a "Home for the Bride." (One of Jacob's nephews, George Ege, was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Berks County, Pennsylvania.) Dendrochronology suggests that additional construction on the house occurred in 1754. Jacob Ege died in 1762. Samuel Ege, the son of Jacob and a Richmond flour inspector, owned the house in 1782 when it first appeared on a tax register.
In 1824, when the Marquis de Lafayette revisited Richmond, a volunteer company of young Richmonders, the Junior Morgan Riflemen, rode in procession along Lafayette's carriage. One of the riflemen, the then 15-year-old Edgar Allan Poe, stood as honorguard outside the Ege house as Lafayette visited its inhabitants. The house remained in possession of the Ege family until 1911.
Amidst Poe's centennial in 1909, a group of Richmond residents campaigned for the city to better recognize the writer. Citizens asked the city council to erect a statue of Poe on Monument Avenue but were turned down because he was deemed a disreputable character. The same group went on to begin the Poe Museum. In 1911, Preservation Virginia (formerly known as the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities) saved the house and opened it in 1922 as the Old Stone House.
The museum is only blocks away from the sites of Poe's Richmond homes and place of employment, the Southern Literary Messenger. It is also a few blocks from the grave of his mother Eliza Poe who was buried in Richmond's Church Hill, in the graveyard of St John's Church. Poe never lived in this home. Its completion, originally as the "Edgar Allan Poe Shrine", was announced on October 7, 1921:
This day... at a first expense of about $20,000, completes the Edgar Allan Poe Shrine, and marks the seventy-second anniversary of the death of the poet. If he is aware of mundane affairs he must be pleased to find that, at length, there has been reared to his memory a lasting and appropriate memorial.
The Poe Museum's four buildings contain exhibits focusing on different aspects of the author's life and legacy. The parlor of the Old Stone House is used for the display of furniture from the homes in which Edgar Poe and his sister Rosalie Mackenzie Poe lived. Of special interest in this room is a piano that once belonged to Poe's sister.
The Model Building contains an eighteen-foot-long model of Richmond as Poe would have known it. Also displayed in this gallery are Poe's boyhood bed and furnishings from his boyhood home. The Elizabeth Arnold Poe Memorial Building includes many first and early editions of Poe's works including an 1845 publication of "The Raven" and one of only 12 known existing copies of Poe's first collection Tamerlane and Other Poems. Among the highlights of the collection displayed in this building are Poe's vest, trunk, and walking stick and a lock of his hair. Manuscripts and rare early daguerreotypes and portraits are also exhibited there. The Exhibits Building is devoted to temporary exhibits related to Poe's place in popular culture. One such exhibit was dedicated to the many theories of Poe's death and another featured illustrations of the poem by artist James William Carling. Other recent exhibits include "Poe in Comics", "Poe Face to Face: Early Portraits and Daguerreotypes of Edgar Allan Poe" and "Ratiocination: Poe the Detective".
- Edgar Allan Poe House and Museum in Baltimore, Maryland
- Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Edgar Allan Poe Cottage in The Bronx, New York
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Scott, Mary Wingfield, Houses of Old Richmond, The Valentine Museum, Richmond, 1941, pp 7-10
- Richmond: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
- APVA: Old Stone House
- Scott, Mary Wingfield, op. cit pp 7-10
- Ege, Rev. Thompson P, D.D., History and Genealogy of the Ege Family in the United States, 1738-1911, Star Printing Co., Harrisburg, PA, 1911, pp 5-11
- Ege, op. cit. pp 5-11
- Ege, ibid, pp 76-78
- Scott Bergman, Sandi Bergman, Haunted Richmond: The Shadows of Shockoe, Charleston 2007, p. 102 Google Books
- Thompson Prettyman Ege: History and genealogy of the Ege family in the United States, 1738-1911, New York, 1911 Google Books
- Keshia A. Case, Christopher P. Semtner: Edgar Allan Poe in Richmond, Charleston etc., 2009, p. 31 ISBN 978-0-7385-6714-3
- Kenneth Silverman: Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-Ending Remembrance, New York, 1991, p. 24f. ISBN 0-06-092331-8
- Harry Lee Poe: Edgar Allan Poe: An Illustrated Companion to His Tell-Tale Stories. New York: Metro Books, 2008: 9. ISBN 978-1-4351-0469-3
- Mary E. Phillips: Edgar Allan Poe: The Man. Chicago: The John C. Winston Company, 1926. p. 1524-1525
- Lloyd Rose: "Yo, Poe: In Richmond, a museum rises from the dead." The Washington Post, May 10, 1998.
- Neimeyer, Mark. "Poe and popular culture" as collected in The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe, Kevin J. Hayes, editor. Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-79727-6 p. 212
- Poe Museum homepage - weddings
- Museum website
- Old Stone House, 1916 East Main Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA: 5 photos, 8 measured drawings, and 5 data pages at Historic American Buildings Survey