Édgar Chamorro Coronel (born 23 July 1931) is an ousted leader of the Nicaraguan rebel Contras who later became a critic of the rebels and their Central Intelligence Agency sponsors, even cooperating with the Sandinista government in their World Court case, Nicaragua v. United States. He is a member of the prominent Chamorro family that provided four of Nicaragua's past presidents.
Edgar Chamorro is the son of Julio Chamorro Benard and wife Dolores "Lola" Coronel Urtecho, paternal grandson of Filadelfo Chamorro Bolaños and wife Bertha Benard Vivas and great-grandson of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro y Alfaro, 39th President of Nicaragua, and wife María de la Luz Bolaños Bendaña. He has six brothers and four sisters, and is the nephew of intellectual José Coronel Urtecho. In 1950, 19-year-old Chamorro began studying for the Jesuit priesthood, earning degrees from Ecuador's Catholic University[disambiguation needed], Saint Louis University, and Marquette University. Chamorro joined the faculty of the Jesuit-run University of Central America, before leaving the priesthood in 1969. He got another degree from Harvard University in 1972 and founded a public relations and marketing firm, Creative Publicity, in Managua. In 1977, Anastasio Somoza Debayle appointed him to a figurehead post as a special ambassador to the United Nations General Assembly for a year.
Activities during Nicaraguan civil war
During the Sandinista Revolution, Chamorro sympathized with the rebels, at one point hiding Sergio Ramírez from the National Guard. But as the civil war's climax brought fierce fighting to the capital itself, fears for his family's safety led him to leave for Miami, Florida on June 17, 1979. Somoza fell a month later, but after visiting Nicaragua in September, Chamorro decided to remain in Miami.
By late 1979, Chamorro had become involved in the anti-Sandinista activities of the Miami exile community. He joined the Nicaraguan Democratic Union (UDN), formed the next year by José Francisco Cardenal, which merged into the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN) in August 1981. He served on the FDN's political executive committee, which decided to replace Cardenal with a new political directorate. Chamorro was tapped to be a member of the directorate, unveiled at a December 8, 1982 press conference. With his public relations experience, he took on a spokesman role for the FDN, and based himself in Tegucigalpa, Honduras to liaison with journalists covering the war. Chamorro claimed that the CIA prepped him before press conferences and told him to deny that the group had received any funding from the US government.
Chamorro was miffed when the FDN directorate, at the CIA's prompting, appointed Adolfo Calero as its president in October 1983. His not-so-private grumblings that his Chamorro lineage was more illustrious than Calero's did not help their deteriorating relations. Chamorro was forced out in November 1984, in the fallout from the furor over the CIA's Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare, labeled by the press a "murder manual." He turned against the rebel movement, even submitting an affidavit for the Sandinista government before the International Court of Justice in Nicaragua v. United States.
After the war
Chamorro is author of Packaging the Contras: A Case of C.I.A. Disinformation (1987). He has served as a teacher of Spanish, Latin and Latin American Studies at Bard College at Simon's Rock since 1990 (full time to 2003), and the John Dewey Academy in Great Barrington, Massachusetts since 2005.
- "Fallece doña Lola Coronel de Chamorro" (in Spanish). Managua, Nicaragua: El Nuevo Diario. June 17, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Webb, Gary (1999). Dark Alliance. Seven Stories Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-888363-93-7.
- Glenn Garvin, Everybody Had His Own Gringo: The CIA and the Contras, Brassey's (US), 1992, p. 132, ISBN 0-08-040562-2; Cruz, Arturo Jr., Memoirs of a Counter-Revolutionary: Life With the Contras, the Sandinistas, and the CIA, Doubleday, 1989, p. 176, ISBN 0-385-24879-2.
- "Simon's Rock College: Edgar Chamorro". Bard College at Simon's Rock. Archived from the original on 2002-10-02.
- "BCC to offer Latin American History Course this fall". iBerkshires.com (North Adams, MA: Boxcar Media LLC). July 29, 2005. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "The John Dewey Academy: Faculty". The John Dewey Academy. 2007-07-29. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Chamorro, Edgar; Jefferson Morley (August 5, 1985). "Confessions of a 'Contra'". The New Republic. pp. 18–23.