Edgar County, Illinois
|Edgar County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 3, 1823|
|• Total||624.00 sq mi (1,616 km2)|
|• Land||623.37 sq mi (1,615 km2)|
|• Water||0.62 sq mi (2 km2), 0.10%|
|• Density||31/sq mi (12/km²)|
Edgar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 18,576, which is a decrease of 5.7% from 19,704 in 2000. Its county seat is Paris.
Edgar County was formed out of Clark County in 1823 and named for John Edgar, an Irish-born officer in the Royal Navy who resigned rather than fight against the Americans in the Revolutionary War. Edgar moved to Kaskaskia, Illinois in 1784, becoming a miller and merchant in that town.
Edgar County was created with its present borders, but had a large tract of unorganized territory temporarily attached to it.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 624.00 square miles (1,616.2 km2), of which 623.37 square miles (1,614.5 km2) (or 99.90%) is land and 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2) (or 0.10%) is water.
- Vermilion County (north)
- Vermillion County, Indiana (northeast)
- Vigo County, Indiana (southeast)
- Clark County (south)
- Coles County (southwest)
- Douglas County (northwest)
- Champaign County (northwest) (at a single point)
Edgar County is divided into fifteen townships:
- Illinois' 15th congressional district
- State House District 109
- State House District 110
- State Senate District 55
As of the U.S. Census of 2000, there were 19,704 people, 7,874 households, and 5,322 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 8,611 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.12% White, 1.84% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.2% were of American, 20.0% German, 12.6% English and 11.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.7% spoke English and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 7,874 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,203, and the median income for a family was $41,245. Males had a median income of $30,214 versus $21,097 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,857. About 7.60% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Paris have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.23 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in July.
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "Edgar County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, p. 580, ISBN 0-912226-24-2
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. 
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Illinois Railroad Map, retrieved 2007-10-11
- Public and Private Airports, Edgar County, Illinois
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Paris, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
||Champaign County||Vermilion County||Vermillion County, Indiana|
|Clark County||Vigo County, Indiana|