Edgar Mitchell

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Edgar Mitchell
Edgar Mitchell cropped.jpg
NASA astronaut
Nationality American
Status Retired
Born Edgar Dean Mitchell
(1930-09-17) September 17, 1930 (age 83)
Hereford, Texas, U.S.
Other occupation Test pilot
Alma mater CMU, B.S. 1952
NPS, M.S. 1961
MIT, Sc.D. 1964
Rank Captain, USN
Time in space 9d 00h 01m
Selection 1966 NASA Group
Missions Apollo 14
Mission insignia Apollo 14-insignia.png
Retirement October 1, 1972

Edgar Dean "Ed" Mitchell, Sc.D. (born September 17, 1930) is an American pilot, retired Captain in the United States Navy and NASA astronaut. As the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours working on the lunar surface in the Fra Mauro Highlands region, making him the sixth person to walk on the Moon.

Biography[edit]

Mitchell's doctoral thesis on space vehicle guidance on display at the Astronaut Hall of Fame

Mitchell was born in Hereford, Texas.[1] He considers Artesia, New Mexico his hometown. He was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. He was also a member of DeMolay International, part of the Masonic Fraternity, and has been inducted into its Hall of Fame. Mitchell is a member of Artesia Lodge #29 in New Mexico.[2]

Mitchell earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Management from Carnegie Mellon University in 1952.[1] The following year he joined the U.S. Navy, and completed basic training at San Diego Recruit Depot. In May, 1953, after completing instruction at the Officers Candidate School at Newport, Rhode Island, he was commissioned an Ensign pilot. He completed flight training in July 1954 at Hutchinson, Kansas, and was subsequently assigned to Patrol Squadron 29 deployed to Okinawa.

From 1957 to 1958, he flew A3 aircraft while assigned to Heavy Attack Squadron Two deployed aboard the aircraft carriers USS Bon Homme Richard and USS Ticonderoga. He qualified as a research pilot with Air Development Squadron Five until 1959. While on active duty in the Navy, he earned a Master of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in 1961 and a Doctorate of Science degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964.[1] From 1964 to 1965 he served as Chief, Project Management Division of the Navy Field Office for Manned Orbiting Laboratory. 1965-1966 was spent at the U.S. Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School in preparation for astronaut duties, and certification as a test pilot. Mitchell served as an instructor in advanced mathematics and navigation theory for astronaut candidates. He holds Honorary Doctorates from New Mexico State University (1971), Carnegie-Mellon University (1971), University of Akron (1979) and Embry-Riddle University (1996).

Mitchell is a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity, and carried one of the order's badges to the Moon; it is now kept at his home chapter of Kappa Sigma at Carnegie Mellon University.

He has resided in Palm Beach County, Florida since 1975.

NASA career[edit]

Mitchell studies a map while walking on the Moon, February 6, 1971

Mitchell was selected to be an astronaut in 1966 and was seconded from the Navy to NASA. He was designated as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 10, and served as lunar module pilot on Apollo 14, landing Antares (the lunar module) in the hilly upland Fra Mauro region Fra Mauro Highlands region. For two days, February 5 and 6, 1971, Shepard and Mitchell deployed and activated scientific equipment and experiments on the lunar surface. They collected almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to Earth. Other Apollo 14 achievements include: first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET); largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on foot on the lunar surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface; longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 17 minutes); first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques; first use of color TV with new vidicon tube; and first extensive orbital science period conducted during CSM solo operations. He became the sixth person to walk on the Moon. Apollo 14 was the longest walk performed by astronauts on the lunar surface.

In completing his first space flight, Mitchell logged a total of 216 hours and 42 minutes in space. He was subsequently designated to serve as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 16. In 1972, Mitchell retired from NASA and the U.S. Navy.

During the mission, he took photos including the one with Shepard raising the American flag. In the photo Mitchell's shadow casts over the lunar surface near the flag. That photo was listed on Popular Science's photo gallery of the best astronaut selfies.[3]

After NASA[edit]

Ed Mitchell was awarded honorary doctorates from the New Mexico State University, the University of Akron, Carnegie Mellon University and Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Edgar Mitchell was named as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1970 by President Richard Nixon.

On June 29, 2011, the United States Government filed a lawsuit against Mitchell in the United States District Court in Miami, Florida after discovering that he placed a camera used on Apollo 14 for auction at the British auction house Bonhams. The litigation requested the camera be returned to NASA. Mitchell's position was that NASA had given him the camera as a gift upon the completion of the Apollo 14 mission. Bonhams withdrew the camera from auction.[4] In October, 2011, prosecutors and Mitchell reached a settlement agreement, and Mitchell agreed to return the camera to NASA, which in turn would donate it for display at the National Air and Space Museum.[5] On September 20, 2012 Congress enacted H.R. 4158, confirming full ownership rights of artifacts to astronauts on Apollo (and Mercury and Gemini) space missions.

Other interests[edit]

Mitchell's interests include consciousness and paranormal phenomena. On his way back to earth during the Apollo 14 flight he had a powerful savikalpa samādhi experience,[6] and also claimed to have conducted private ESP experiments with his friends on Earth.[7] The results of said experiments were published in the Journal of Parapsychology in 1971.[8] He is the founder of the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) for the purpose of consciousness research and other "related phenomena."[9] On the Opie and Anthony radio show, Buzz Aldrin described a psychic communication experiment that Mitchell conducted during the Apollo 14 flight, wherein Mitchell attempted to transmit information to participants on Earth.[10]

Remote healing[edit]

Mitchell claims that a teenage remote healer who lives in Vancouver and uses the pseudonym Adam Dreamhealer helped him heal kidney cancer from a distance. Mitchell said that while he never had a biopsy, "I had a sonogram and MRI that was consistent with renal carcinoma." Adam worked (distantly) on Mitchell from December 2003 until June 2004, when the "irregularity was gone and we haven't seen it since".[11]

Views on UFOs[edit]

Mitchell has publicly expressed his opinions that he is "90 percent sure that many of the thousands of unidentified flying objects, or UFOs, recorded since the 1940s, belong to visitors from other planets".[12] Dateline NBC conducted an interview with Mitchell on April 19, 1996, during which he discussed meeting with officials from three countries who claimed to have had personal encounters with extraterrestrials. He offered his opinion that the evidence for such "alien" contact was "very strong" and "classified" by governments, who were covering up visitations and the existence of alien beings' bodies in places such as Roswell, New Mexico. He further claimed that UFOs had provided "sonic engineering secrets" that were helpful to the U.S. government. Mitchell's book, The Way of the Explorer, discusses his journey into mysticism and space.[13]

In 2004 he told the St. Petersburg Times that a "cabal of insiders" in the U.S. government were studying recovered alien bodies, and that this group had stopped briefing U.S. Presidents after John F. Kennedy.[14] He said, "We all know that UFOs are real; now the question is where they come from."[15]

On July 23, 2008 Edgar Mitchell was interviewed on Kerrang Radio by Nick Margerrison. Mitchell claimed the Roswell crash was real and that aliens have contacted humans several times, but that governments have hidden the truth for 60 years, stating: "I happen to have been privileged enough to be in on the fact that we've been visited on this planet, and the UFO phenomenon is real." In reply, a spokesman for NASA stated: "NASA does not track UFOs. NASA is not involved in any sort of cover up about alien life on this planet or anywhere in the universe. Dr Mitchell is a great American, but we do not share his opinions on this issue."[16][17]

In an interview with Fox News on July 25, 2008, Mitchell clarified that his comments did not involve NASA, but quoted unnamed sources, since deceased, at Roswell who confided to him that the Roswell incident did involve an alien craft. Mitchell also claims to have subsequently received confirmation from an unnamed intelligence officer at the Pentagon.[18][19]

In an interview for AskMen published March 6, 2014, Mitchell said he had never seen a UFO, that no one had ever threatened him over his claims regarding UFOs, and that any statements about a worldwide cabal covering up UFOs was "just speculation on my part."[20]

Edgar Mitchell, February 2009

Other projects[edit]

Edgar Mitchell appears in the documentaries In the Shadow of the Moon, The Phoenix Lights...We Are Not Alone, and The Living Matrix.

Mitchell has written several articles and essays,[21] as well as two books. In The Way of the Explorer, Mitchell proposed a dyadic model of reality.[22]

He is currently the Advisory Board Chairman of the Institute for Cooperation in Space, co-founded by Dr. Carol Rosin[23] and is a member of INREES.

Mitchell is one of the initial supporters of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly – which would be a first step towards a "world parliament".[24]

Honors and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

In media[edit]

1998 HBO TV series From the Earth to the Moon – played by Gary Cole

Books[edit]

References[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Astronautix biography
  2. ^ http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/masonicmuseum/images/EdgarMitchellAstronautFDC1.jpg
  3. ^ "Best Astronaut Selfies". Popular Science Magazine. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  4. ^ SPACE.com Staff (July 1, 2011). "Government Sues Apollo Astronaut Over Moon Camera". Space.com. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  5. ^ Wides-Munuz, Laura (October 28, 2011). "Prosecutors Settle With Apollo Astronaut Edgar Mitchell, Who Tried to Sell Camera Used on Moon". ABC News. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ samadhi in space – an interview with apollo 14 astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell
  7. ^ "Private Lunar ESP: An Interview with Edgar Mitchell". 
  8. ^ "Book Review:Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality by Dean Radin (Paraview Pocket Books 2006) by Robert T. Carroll". 
  9. ^ Kluger, Jeffrey (July 16, 2009). "40th Anniversary of the Moon Landing; Edgar Mitchell". Time magazine. p. 17. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ Aldrin, Buzz (May 7, 2013). The Opie and Anthony Show. radio with Anthony Cumia; Gregg "Opie" Hughes; Jim Norton. New York. 
  11. ^ Jill Neimark (March–April 2006). "The Big Bird, the Big Lie, God, and Science". Skeptical Inquirer 30 (2). 
  12. ^ "Edgar Mitchell On The UFO Cover-Up" (subscription fee required). UFO UpDates. 1998-10-11. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  13. ^ "Interview on Dateline NBC April 19, 1996". UFO Evidence. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  14. ^ Waveney Ann Moore (2004-02-18). "Astronaut: We've had visitors". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  15. ^ Visitors from space, Vieraita taivaalta, TV program of Juhan af Grann from the beginning of 1990s
  16. ^ Apollo 14 astronaut claims aliens HAVE made contact Daily Mail July 24, 2008
  17. ^ The Audio interview of Dr. Mitchell on Kerrang Radio
  18. ^ "Commenting on recent disclosure with Kerrang Radio". Fox News. 2008-07-25. 
  19. ^ "Former astronaut: Man not alone in universe". CNN. 2009-04-20. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  20. ^ Clash, Jim. "Ed Mitchell Interview". AskMen. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  21. ^ Articles and essays by Edgar Mitchell
  22. ^ "Dyadic Model of Reality", IONS, by Doris Lora, December 2003
  23. ^ "ICIS Board of Directors & Advisors", Institute for Cooperation in Space
  24. ^ "List of Initial Signatories"

External links[edit]