Edgard, Louisiana

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Coordinates: 30°02′02″N 90°33′14″W / 30.03389°N 90.55389°W / 30.03389; -90.55389
Edgard
CDP
Edgard Louisiana Cathedral.jpg
St. John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church, Edgard
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish St. John the Baptist
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Coordinates 30°02′02″N 90°33′14″W / 30.03389°N 90.55389°W / 30.03389; -90.55389
Area 17.9 sq mi (46.4 km2)
 - land 15.5 sq mi (40 km2)
 - water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 12.85%
Population 2,637 (2000)
Density 169.7 / sq mi (65.5 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70049
Area code 985
Location of Edgard in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States

Edgard is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the parish seat of St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, United States.[1] The population was 2,637 at the 2000 census. It is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area. Edgard is part of the German Coast of Louisiana.

History[edit]

One of the parish's first communities and a social haunt of the pirate Jean Lafitte, Edgard has been the parish seat since 1848. Originally named St. John the Baptist for the church at its heart, Edgard was renamed in 1850 for its postmaster, Edgar Perret. Edgard's first , St. John the Baptist Catholic Church (1772), was destroyed by the Poche Crevasse in 1821. Another church was soon erected. Unfortunately, in 1918, fire gutted the sacred building. A testament to the Church's place in the community, the parishioners gave generously, and when the new church opened its doors, all debts had been paid.

The economic history of Edgard included a saw mill operated by Severin Tassin, a brick factory begun in 1878 and several sugar plantations that operated in the century between 1794 and 1894. By 1899, there were more than fifty family-owned sugar houses still in existence.

The majority of the town's folk worked in the sugar houses, in the fields or in support of the sugar industry. Many families leased land from the Caires and Graugnards on Columbia, cultivating their own produce to sell. In 1899, the river was the scene of some excitement when in the late winter ice could be seen floating down river. The ice flows jammed up the river, interrupting traffic for several days.

In early Edgard, a favorite event of many townspeople was the arrival of the showboat which would dock at Caire's Landing. The excitement was intensified because one never knew when the next boat would arrive. When it did, the sound of the calliope's whistles could be heard as far away as Wallace. Though the steamboats are gone, one can still see modern vessels passing by, bringing the people of the River Region closer to the world around them.

Geography[edit]

Edgard is located at 30°2′2″N 90°33′14″W / 30.03389°N 90.55389°W / 30.03389; -90.55389 (30.033974, -90.553802),[2] on the west bank of the Mississippi River and has an elevation of 13 feet (4.0 m).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.9 square miles (46 km2), of which, 15.5 square miles (40 km2) of it is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it (13.09%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,637 people, 857 households, and 695 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 169.7 people per square mile (65.5/km²). There were 905 housing units at an average density of 58.2 per square mile (22.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 4.59% White, 94.84% African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. The cultural groups for Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population.

There were 857 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 30.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.51.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,865, and the median income for a family was $29,706. Males had a median income of $31,029 versus $22,688 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $10,635. About 25.9% of families and 29.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 34.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

St. John the Baptist Parish School Board operates public schools in the community.

Areas in Edgard are zoned to:

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Attendance Zones." St. John the Baptist Parish School Board.
  6. ^ World War II: A Pilot's Experience, ISBN 1-4120-3963-0.
  7. ^ US Patent 5433226 (1995).