# Edge-transitive graph

 Graph families defined by their automorphisms distance-transitive $\boldsymbol{\rightarrow}$ distance-regular $\boldsymbol{\leftarrow}$ strongly regular $\boldsymbol{\downarrow}$ symmetric (arc-transitive) $\boldsymbol{\leftarrow}$ t-transitive, t ≥ 2 $\boldsymbol{\downarrow}$ (if connected) vertex- and edge-transitive $\boldsymbol{\rightarrow}$ edge-transitive and regular $\boldsymbol{\rightarrow}$ edge-transitive $\boldsymbol{\downarrow}$ $\boldsymbol{\downarrow}$ $\boldsymbol{\downarrow}$ vertex-transitive $\boldsymbol{\rightarrow}$ regular $\boldsymbol{\rightarrow}$ (if bipartite) biregular $\boldsymbol{\uparrow}$ Cayley graph skew-symmetric asymmetric

In the mathematical field of graph theory, an edge-transitive graph is a graph G such that, given any two edges e1 and e2 of G, there is an automorphism of G that maps e1 to e2.[1]

In other words, a graph is edge-transitive if its automorphism group acts transitively upon its edges.

## Examples and properties

The Gray graph is edge-transitive and regular, but not vertex-transitive.

Edge-transitive graphs include any complete bipartite graph $K_{m,n}$, and any symmetric graph, such as the vertices and edges of the cube.[1] Symmetric graphs are also vertex-transitive (if they are connected), but in general edge-transitive graphs need not be vertex-transitive. The Gray graph is an example of a graph which is edge-transitive but not vertex-transitive. All such graphs are bipartite,[1] and hence can be colored with only two colors.

An edge-transitive graph that is also regular, but not vertex-transitive, is called semi-symmetric. The Gray graph again provides an example. Every edge-transitive graph must be bipartite and either semi-symmetric or biregular.[2]