Edgefield County, South Carolina
|Edgefield County, South Carolina|
Location in the state of South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
507 sq mi (1,313 km²)
502 sq mi (1,300 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 0.92%
54/sq mi (20.7/km²)
Edgefield County is part of the Augusta, Georgia metropolitan area.
The origin of the name Edgefield is unclear; the South Carolina State Library's information on the county's history suggests that the name "is usually described as 'fanciful.'" There is a village named Edgefield in Norfolk, England.
Edgefield District was created in 1785. It was formed from the southern section of the former Ninety-Six District when it was divided into smaller districts or counties by an act of the state legislature. Parts of the district were later used in the formation of other neighboring counties, specifically:
In his study of Edgefield County, South Carolina, Orville Vernon Burton classified white society into the poor, the yeoman middle class, and the elite. A clear line demarcated the elite, but according to Burton, the line between poor and yeoman was never very distinct. Stephanie McCurry argues, yeomen were clearly distinguished from poor whites by their ownership of land (real property). Edgefield's yeomen farmers were "self-working farmers," distinct from the elite because they worked their land themselves alongside any slaves they owned. Ownership of large numbers of slaves made the work of planters completely managerial.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,313.1 km2), of which 502 square miles (1,300.2 km2) is land and 5 square miles (12.9 km2) (0.92%) is water.
- Saluda County, South Carolina - northeast
- Aiken County, South Carolina - east
- Richmond County, Georgia - southwest
- Columbia County, Georgia - southwest
- McCormick County, South Carolina - west
- Greenwood County, South Carolina - northwest
National protected area
- Sumter National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,595 people, 8,270 households, and 6,210 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 9,223 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.77% White, 41.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,270 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 112.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,146, and the median income for a family was $41,810. Males had a median income of $32,748 versus $23,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,415. About 13.00% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.
Edgefield County is the birthplace of the following people:
- Grancer Harrison (1789–1860), who is featured in the book 13 Alabama Ghosts and Jeffrey;
- Strom Thurmond (1902–2003), Governor and United States Senator from South Carolina
- James Longstreet (1821–1904), Confederate General
- Preston Brooks (1819–1857), United States Congressman
- John Joel Glanton (1819–1850), Texas Ranger and leader of the Glanton Gang
Claims Ten Governors
- Andrew Pickens, II 1816-1818
- George McDuffie 1834-1836
- Pierce Mason Butler 1836-1838
- James H. Hammond 1842-1844
- Francis W. Pickens 1860-1862
- Milledge L. Bonham 1862-1864
- John C. Sheppard July-Dec.1886
- Benjamin R. Tillman 1890-1894
- John Gray Evans 1894-1896
- James Strom Thurmond 1947-1951
Cities and Towns
Edgefield has one newspaper, published in the town of Edgefield
- Edgefield Advertiser, oldest newspaper in S.C.
The local radio station is located in the town of Johnston:
Edgefield is also served by the following television stations:
- WRDW-TV News 12, North Augusta, South Carolina
- WJBF NewsChannel 6, Augusta, Georgia
- WAGT NBC Augusta 26, Augusta, Georgia
- WFXG FOX-54, Augusta, Georgia
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Morgan, Mary (2007-03-22). "Edgefield County". South Carolina State Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-19. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- "The Edgefield County Court House: A Brief History, 1785-1997". County of Edgefield. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- "Edgefield County Chamber of Commerce Home Page". Edgefield County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- Orville Vernon Burton, In My Father's House Are Many Mansions: Family and Community in Edgefield, South Carolina (U. of North Carolina Press, 1985)
- Stephanie McCurry, Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum South Carolina Low Country (1995)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "FCI Edgefield Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
- "Edgefield town, South Carolina." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
||Greenwood County||Saluda County|
|McCormick County||Aiken County|
|Columbia County, Georgia and Richmond County, Georgia|