Edina, Minnesota

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Edina, Minnesota
City
EdinaTheater.JPG
Official seal of Edina, Minnesota
Seal
Motto: "For Living, Learning, Raising Families & Doing Business"
Location of Edinawithin Hennepin County, Minnesota
Location of Edina
within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°53′44″N 93°21′17″W / 44.89556°N 93.35472°W / 44.89556; -93.35472Coordinates: 44°53′44″N 93°21′17″W / 44.89556°N 93.35472°W / 44.89556; -93.35472
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Hennepin
Founded 1860s
Incorporated 1888
Government
 • Mayor James B. Hovland
Area[1]
 • City 15.97 sq mi (41.36 km2)
 • Land 15.45 sq mi (40.02 km2)
 • Water 0.52 sq mi (1.35 km2)  3.26%
Elevation 922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 47,941
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 49,376
 • Density 3,103.0/sq mi (1,198.1/km2)
 • Metro 3,459,146
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55410, 55416, 55424, 55435, 55436, 55439, 55343
Area code(s) 952
FIPS code 27-18188
GNIS feature ID 0643177[4]
Website City of Edina

Edina (Listeni/ˈdnə/ ee-DY-nə) is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States, and a first-ring suburb situated immediately southwest of Minneapolis. Edina began as a small farming and milling community in the 1860s. The population was 47,941 as of 2010.[5]

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

Edina began as part of Richfield Township, Minnesota. By the 1870s, 17 families, most of them immigrating as a result of the potato famine in Ireland, had come to Minnesota and claimed land in the southwest section of what was then Richfield Township.[6] They were followed by settlers from New England and Germany, who claimed additional land near Minnehaha Creek.[7] The Baird and Grimes neighborhoods (which are both listed on the National Register of Historic Places), and the Country Club District (then known as Waterville Mills) are located in the northeast part of Edina, and were among the first areas to be established. The area then known as the Cahill Settlement, at West 70th Street and Cahill Road, was also an early community center and the home of Cahill School.[8]

In 1888, the residents of the township held a meeting to consider founding a new village, thus separating themselves from Richfield Township. The idea was favorably accepted by those within the community and a committee was established to oversee the transition.[9]

Naming[edit]

After the decision was made to form a new village, a debate ensued regarding the naming of the new village. Several town meetings were held in the Minnehaha Grange Hall, during which the names "Hennepin Park", "Westfield" and "Edina" were suggested. Minutes taken by Henry F. Brown, a farmer and future owner (1889) of the Edina Mill, are summarized as follows:[10]

At the next meeting, the name Edina was finally chosen with a vote of 47 for and 42 against.[9]

There has been a prevailing myth about the decision to name the new village Edina, which states that two opposing communities—the Irish Cahill community and the Scottish Mill community fought about whether to give the community an Irish name (Killarney Lakes) or a Scottish name (Edina). The 1860 census, however, indicates that there were no Scottish people in Edina in 1860, and only a couple were present at the time of Edina's founding (1888).[7]

Morningside[edit]

The first suburban development in Edina occurred during the early 1900s in Morningside, a neighborhood in the northeastern part of the village. As Morningside grew, conflict arose between its residents who wanted more city services, and the residents of the rest of the village who wanted to maintain Edina's rural character. As a result of that conflict, Morningside seceded from Edina in 1920 and became a separate village.[11] In 1966, however, the Village of Morningside once again became part of Edina.[12]

Historical racial discrimination[edit]

According to historian Deborah Morse-Kahn, the Quaker village that existed where Edina would be built included African Americans who "became very involved in community life—especially as leaders."[13] However, in the early 20th century discriminatory policies led nearly all of the African Americans who had been living in Edina to move away.[13][14][15] James W. Loewen described the suburb as a sundown town.[16] Researchers point in particular to Samuel Thorpe's development of the Country Club district, which used deed restrictions as means to exclude non-whites, stating explicitly that:

Other developments, like that built by N. P. Dodge Corporation just a mile away, followed suit in attempting to protect land values through racial policies.[20] Though the Supreme Court ruled these kinds of discriminatory housing clauses unenforceable in its Shelley v. Kraemer decision of 1948, reports of discrimination persisted through the 1950s and 1960s.[13][15] According to the Edina Historical Society's story about the first black family in Morningside (then a separate village) in 1960, attempts to keep them out included tactics like trying "to get [their] lot condemned for drainage."[15] In response, then-mayor Ken Joyce wrote a note dismissing the drainage concern and challenging citizens "to live the Golden Rule". Shortly thereafter the village voted in favor of inclusion.[15]

Jewish residents were also affected by exclusionary deed covenants. In the 1960s, some residents boasted that Edina had "Not one Negro and not one Jew."[21]

Geography[edit]

Many major highways run through or are close to Edina, making it readily accessible to those within the metropolitan area. Minnesota State Highways 62 and 100 divide the City into four sections. U.S. Highway 169 and Minnesota State Highway 100 extend north and south. Interstate 494 and Minnesota State Highway 62 extend east and west.[22]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.97 square miles (41.36 km2), of which 15.45 square miles (40.02 km2) is land and 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2) is water.[1] Residential areas comprise the largest portion of the City, which is now more than 95 percent developed. Within Edina are many different neighborhoods; Highlands, Indian Hills, Morningside, Country Club District, Cahill Village, Chapel Hill, South Harriet Park, Interlachen, Rolling Green, Sunnyslope, White Oaks, Parkwood Knolls, Braemar Hills, Birchcrest, Dewey Hill and Hilldale.[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 531
1900 749 41.1%
1910 1,101 47.0%
1920 1,833 66.5%
1930 3,138 71.2%
1940 5,855 86.6%
1950 9,744 66.4%
1960 30,482 212.8%
1970 44,031 44.4%
1980 46,073 4.6%
1990 46,075 0.0%
2000 47,425 2.9%
2010 47,941 1.1%
Est. 2013 49,376 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]
2013 Estimate[3]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 47,941 people, 20,672 households, and 12,918 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,103.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,198.1/km2). There were 22,560 housing units at an average density of 1,460.2 per square mile (563.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.1% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.1% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.[2]

There were 20,672 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 45.2 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 29.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

Edina is one of the most affluent suburbs of Minneapolis.[25] The median household income in Edina in 1999 was $66,019,[26] compared to the averages of $37,974 for Minneapolis and $47,111 for the state of Minnesota.[27] According to a 2007 estimate,[citation needed] the median income for a household in the city was $76,805, and the median income for a family was $114,673. Males had a median income of $67,011 versus $41,742 for females. The per capita income for the city was $44,195. About 2.0% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

Edina is home to some billionaires, most notably Richard M. Schulze and the late Carl Pohlad.[28][29]

Edina city hall and police department, rebuilt in 2004
Ruins of Edina Mill next to Minnehaha Creek

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Main article: Edina Public Schools

Edina Public Schools is the public school district (ISD 273) that serves Edina families. There are approximately 8,500 K-12 students [30] served by 1139 teachers and support staff.

Edina has only one high school, Edina High School. As of 2015 it is listed as U.S. News and World Reports highest ranked school in Minnesota and #197 nationally.[31] Newsweek's list of America's Best High Schools also ranked Edina highest in the state, #121 nationally.[32] According to Newsweek, the graduate rate is 99% and 96% go on to attend college.[32]

The area is served by two middle schools (South View Middle School and Valley View Middle School) and six elementary schools (Concord, Creek Valley, Cornelia, Highlands, Countryside, and Normandale).

Private schools[edit]

There are three private schools in Edina: Our Lady of Grace, St. Peters Lutheran School, and Calvin Christian School.

Overlooking the 12th hole on Braemar Golf Course

Economy[edit]

Edina serves as headquarters for several large companies: Jerry's Foods, Lund Food Holdings, Regis Corporation,[33] and of Dairy Queen,[34] and Orange Julius.[35]

The town's most notable shopping centers are Southdale Center[36] and 50th & France, which it shares with Minneapolis.

According to the city's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are Fairview Southdale Hospital, Macy's, BI Worldwide, Edina Public Schools, Promenade Salon Concepts, Regis Salons, Regis Franchise, Regis, MasterCuts, and SmartStyle, the last six of which are part of Regis Corporation.[37]

Recreation[edit]

Parks[edit]

Edina's parkland and open space totals more than 1,550 acres (6.3 km2). The Edina Park and Recreation Department oversees 44 parks, which include amenities such as baseball, football and soccer fields; softball diamonds; basketball and tennis courts; outdoor skating rinks; playground equipment for young children; and picnic shelters. The Department also maintains eight miles (13 km) of scenic pathways for bicycling, walking, jogging, cross-country skiing and snowshoeing.[38]

Besides overseeing the parks, the Edina Park & Recreation Department is also responsible for the operation of 10 arts, community, and recreation facilities within the city including Braemar Golf Course, Braemar Ice Rink, Centennial Lakes Park, and Edinborough Park.

Private country clubs[edit]

There are two country clubs located in Edina, the Edina Country Club and the Interlachen Country Club.

Notable people[edit]

The following people were born in, or have resided in, Edina:

Edina in popular culture[edit]

  • Lead singer Craig Finn from the band The Hold Steady is from Edina and has made several allusions to the town in their songs. For example, the song "Hornets! Hornets!" from the album Separation Sunday describes a wild night in the town, ending with the line "I drove the wrong way down 169 and almost died up by Edina High." Also, the song's title is a reference to Edina High School's mascot, the Hornet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Morse-Kahn, Deborah (1998). Edina : Chapters in the City History. Edina, Minn.: City of Edina. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-9605054-1-5. 
  7. ^ a b Hesterman, Paul D. (1988). The History of Edina, Minnesota : From Settlement to Suburb. Edina, MN: Burgess Pub. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-8087-9058-7. 
  8. ^ Scott, William W.; Hess, Jeffrey A. (1981). History and Architecture of Edina, Minnesota. Edina, Minn.: City of Edina. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-9605054-0-7. 
  9. ^ a b "Edina's Name: The Scottish Myth of 'Edina'". The City of Edina. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  10. ^ From Settlement to Suburb: The History of Edina, Minnesota by Paul Hesterman, Published by the Edina Historical Society, 1988
  11. ^ Hesterman, Paul D. (1988). The history of Edina, Minnesota : from settlement to suburb. Edina, MN: Burgess Pub. pp. 48–50. ISBN 0-8087-9058-7. 
  12. ^ Hesterman, Paul D. (1988). The history of Edina, Minnesota : from settlement to suburb. Edina, MN: Burgess Pub. p. 97. ISBN 0-8087-9058-7. 
  13. ^ a b c d Morse-Kahn, Deborah. Edina: Chapters in the City History. Edina, MN: City of Edina. 
  14. ^ Smetanka, Mary Jane (1 January 2013). "Edina's historical mystery: Black flight". StarTribune. 
  15. ^ a b c d Matson, Marci. "Page from the past: Morningside mayor addresses "A Matter of No Prejudice"". Edina Historical Society. 
  16. ^ a b James W. Loewen (2005). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New Press. ISBN 978-1-56584-887-0. 
  17. ^ Reinan, John (5 February 2015). "Edina's racist past is focus of Wikipedia 'edit war'". Star Tribune. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  18. ^ "Deed Restrictions for the Country Club District of Edina, Minnesota" (PDF). December 15, 1925. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  19. ^ "Edina Country Club District". The City of Edina, Minnesota. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  20. ^ Matson, Marci (Winter 2015). "A Convenience Corner: Valley View And Wooddale Businesses Served Neighborhood Since 1930s" (PDF). AboutTown: Official Magazine of the City of Edina 26 (1). 
  21. ^ Race and Racism in the United States: An Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic. ABC-CLIO. 2014. p. 1208. ISBN 1-4408-0346-3. 
  22. ^ "City of Edina, Minnesota" (PDF). City of Edina, Minnesota. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  23. ^ "Edina Neighborhoods" (PDF). City of Edina, Minnesota. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  24. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 23, 2014. 
  25. ^ City of Edina. "Historical Contexts Study, City of Edina". Ci.edina.mn.us. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  26. ^ "U.S. Census Burea Quickfacts, City of Edina". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  27. ^ "U.S. Census Burea Quickfacts, City of Minneapolis". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  28. ^ Carl Pohlad, Edina, MN.
  29. ^ Carl Pohlad 2006 FEC filing listing Edina, MN as home address.
  30. ^ "District Overview". About EPS. Edina Public Schools. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  31. ^ "Edina High School overview". U. S. News and World Reports. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  32. ^ a b "2013 America's Best High Schools". Newsweek. 
  33. ^ Contact Us. Regis Corporation. Retrieved on January 26, 2011. "Our corporate address: Regis Corporation 7201 Metro Boulevard Minneapolis, MN 55439"
  34. ^ "Corporate Offices." Dairy Queen. Retrieved on May 12, 2010. "International Dairy Queen Corporation 7505 Metro Blvd. Minneapolis, MN 55439-0286" "Orange Julius of America 7505 Metro Blvd. Minneapolis, MN 55439-0286"
  35. ^ "Street Map." City of Edina. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
  36. ^ Retailing, Southdale shopping Center was also the first indoor shopping mall. The Economist, December 19, 2007, June 12, 2009.
  37. ^ "City of Edina 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). December 31, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  38. ^ City of Edina, Minnesota http://edinamn.gov/?section=parks_and_recreation. Retrieved 10 April 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ Miss America History – 1977[dead link]
  40. ^ Paris Bennett former EHS student, Paris Bennett former EHS student.
  41. ^ "Series preview: Twins at N.Y. Mets". StarTribune.com. June 25, 2010. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Ego Really Isn't Her Thing". Wizardsandwarriors.org. February 9, 1986. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  43. ^ "STLtoday.com – St. Louis Post-Dispatch Archives". Nl.newsbank.com. October 18, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Ep108 - Bobby Lee". bryancallen.com. March 13, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  45. ^ Zulgad, Judd (October 21, 2008). "Tafoya gives up NBA duties". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2008. ...Tafoya, who lives in Edina... 
  46. ^ A little piece of Hollywood, September 11, 2008 Edina Sun Current newspaper

External links[edit]