Edinburg, Texas

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Edinburg, Texas
City
City of Edinburg
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in October 2002.
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in October 2002.
Nickname(s): "Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley"
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Hidalgo
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Richard Garcia
Richard Molina
J.R. Betancourt
Homero Jasso
Elias Longoria[1]
 • City Manager Ramiro Garza, Jr.
Area
 • Total 37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)
 • Land 37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2012 Census Estimate)
 • Total 81,029
 • Density 1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78539-78541
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-22660[2]
GNIS feature ID 1335095[3]
Website CityOfEdinburg.com

Edinburg is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.[4] The population was 81,029 according to the 2012 census estimate.[5]

Edinburg is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

History[edit]

In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It is a local myth that Edinburg became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat. However, historical records show more practical reasons. The original Hidalgo County Courthouse in the City of Hidalgo was under frequent danger of flooding because of the town's proximity to the Rio Grande, which sometimes encroached on the building. Additionally, Texas law required that the courthouse be close to the geographic center of the county.[6] When Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, Texas,[7] the community changed its name to Edinburg to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was officially named in 1911 and incorporated in 1919.

Geography[edit]

Edinburg is located at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 (26.304225, -98.163751).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (97 km2), of which 37.3 square miles (97 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.13%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1930 4,821 —    
1940 8,718 +80.8%
1950 12,383 +42.0%
1960 18,706 +51.1%
1970 17,163 −8.2%
1980 24,075 +40.3%
1990 29,885 +24.1%
2000 48,465 +62.2%
2010 77,100 +59.1%
2012 81,029 +5.1%

Population as of the census[2] of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the "other race" were Hispanic or Latino.[9]

There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

University of Texas Rio Grande Valley[edit]

In December 2012, officials announced the merger of the existing University of Texas-Pan American in Edinburg and the University of Texas at Brownsville into a regional institution.[10] A year later, in December 2013, University of Texas System officials decided to name the new institution the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley.[11][12] UTRGV's creation garnered much media attention because of its expected economic, social and health care impact on the region. UTRGV is unique in that it is the first time the UT System has merged existing campuses in such a way. UTRGV will also bring the first medical school to the Rio Grande Valley region. The first class of UTRGV students are slated to begin courses in fall 2015.[13]

Colleges[edit]

Edinburg is also the home of the Rio Grande Bible Institute and located in the South Texas College District.

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising four high schools, one alternative secondary school, six middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen's Gonzalez Elementary.

In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy (BETA) is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and The Science Academy of South Texas.

The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school.

Public libraries[edit]

The City of Edinburg operates the Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library.[14]

Museums[edit]

Edinburg is home to the Museum of South Texas History, formerly the Hidalgo County Historical Museum.

Government[edit]

As Edinburg is the county seat of Hidalgo County, most major county offices are located there including the Criminal District Attorney's Office, the District Courts and County Courts at Law of Hidalgo County, the Community Supervision and Corrections Department, the Hidalgo County Juvenile Probation Department, the Hidalgo County Sheriff's Department and the offices of the County Judge, the Tax Assessor/Collector, the County Treasurer, County Auditor and Veterans Services. Hidalgo County Commissioner's Precinct Four represents Edinburg on the Hidalgo County County Commissioner's Court.

State agencies[edit]

Several state agencies have offices in Edinburg. This includes the Thirteenth Court of Appeals, the Texas Attorney General's Child Support Unit, the Texas departments of Health Services, Human Services, Protective and Regulatory Services and Public Safety. The Texas Youth Commission has a facility near Edinburg. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates two facilities, the Lopez Unit and the Segovia Unit, in Edinburg.[15][16]

Federal representation[edit]

The United States Border Patrol Rio Grande Valley Sector Headquarters is at 4400 South Expressway 281, Edinburg, Texas.

The United States Postal Service operates a postal office at 410 S Jackson Road, Edinburg, Texas.

U. S. Congressman Rubén Hinojosa U.S. House of Representative for Texas's 15th congressional district has a regional office in Edinburg.

Entertainment and Sports[edit]

This city is the home of the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the North American League. In 2013, the City of Edinburg and The Edinburg Economic Development Corporation announced plans for the construction of an events arena in which the NBA Development League Champions, the RGV Vipers, will be the anchor tenants.[17] The team will also have its practice facility at the Edinburg Sports & Wellness Center under construction.[18] The City also opened a six city block stretch of green pedestrian walkway space known as the McIntyre Street Project in April 2014 expected to be the beginning of a proposed arts and restaurant district extending through the heart of Edinburg.[19]

Transportation[edit]

McIntyre Street Project plans also include a bus transportation hub for Valley Metro,[20] the regional transit service.[21]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

There are two major commercial airports near Edinburg: McAllen-Miller International Airport (MFE) at McAllen, 20 minutes from Edinburg and Valley International Airport, (HRL) in Harlingen, 40 minutes from Edinburg. The South Texas International Airport at Edinburg (KEBG) is a public use airport owned and operated by the City of Edinburg.

Nearby Cities/Communities[edit]

Nearest cities[edit]

Media and journalism[edit]

Television stations[edit]

The Edinburg area is served by numerous local television affiliates.

Radio stations[edit]

  • KHID 88.1 FM (National Public Radio)[34]
  • KOIR Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM (Spanish Christian) [Spanish][35]
  • XHRYA Mas Musica 90.9 FM (Hit Radio) [Spanish][36]
  • XHMLS Exitos 91.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanich][37]
  • KCAS The New KCAS 91.5 FM (Religious)[38]
  • XHAAA La Caliente 93.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][39]
  • KFRQ 94.5 FM (Classic/Modern/Hard Rock)[40]
  • XHRT Xtrema 95.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanish][41]
  • KBTQ Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM (Oldies) [Spanish][42]
  • KVMV Faith, Hope & Love 96.9 FM (Contemporary Christian)[43]
  • KCYP-LP 97.7 FM LP | The City (Local Talent and Talk)[44]
  • KKPS Que Pasa 99.5 FM (Regional Tejano) [Spanish][45]
  • KTEX-FM South Texas Country 100.3 FM (Country)[46]
  • KNVO-FM Jose 101.1 FM (Contemporary Spanish)[47]
  • XHAVO Digital 101.5 FM (International Music) [Spanish][48]
  • KBFM Wild 104.1 FM (Hip-Hop/R&B/Reggaeton)[49]
  • KJAV 104.9 FM Jack FM (Adult Hits)[50]
  • KQXX The X 105.5 FM (Classic-rock)[51]
  • KBIC 105.7 FM Radio Vida (Christian radio)[52]
  • KHKZ Kiss 106.3 FM (Hot AC)[53]
  • XHVTH La Mas Buena 107.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][39]
  • KVLY Mix FM 107.9 FM (Adult Contemporary, TOP 40)[54]
  • KURV 710 AM (Talk Radio) FOX News[55]
  • XERDO-AM La Radio 1450 AM (News/Sports) [Spanish][56]
  • XEMS La Radio Mexicana 1490 AM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][56]

Area newspapers[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The City of Edinburg Meet the City Council
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ City & Towns Totals: Vintage 2012 - U.S Census Bureau
  6. ^ Edinburg 2013 State of the City Address on YouTube
  7. ^ San Antonio Light Newspaper December 7, 1911 Page 2
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Rodriguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7546-2
  10. ^ Lawmakers promise quick action on university vote at UTPA town hall - The Monitor: Local News
  11. ^ Board of Regents votes to name new UT in South Texas The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley | University of Texas System
  12. ^ The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
  13. ^ Special report: Project South Texas - The Monitor: News
  14. ^ "Home." Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  15. ^ "Lopez Unit[dead link]." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  16. ^ "Segovia Unit[dead link]." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  17. ^ The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
  18. ^ Nba Development League: Rgv Vipers And City Of Edinburg Announce Sports And Wellness Center
  19. ^ The City of Edinburg, City Headlines
  20. ^ Lower Rio Grande Valley Development Council
  21. ^ Music to Edinburg's Ears: UTPA fine arts center expected to boost business for city - Local News - The Monitor
  22. ^ Fox 2 KFXV | Fox 2 News for the Rio Grande Valley
  23. ^ ValleyCentral.com - Latest local news, weather, high school sports in the Rio Grande Valley
  24. ^ KRGV.com | CHANNEL 5 NEWS | Breaking News Breaking StoriesHome
  25. ^ XERV9[dead link]
  26. ^ TV en vivo por internet y capítulos en línea - azteca.com
  27. ^ Azteca 7 te damos de que hablar - azteca7.com[dead link]
  28. ^ yourcwriograndevalley.com
  29. ^ KVEO News Center 23 | The Rio Grande Valley's News and Weather
  30. ^ Noticias de McAllen, Noticias de McAllen Texas, El Tiempo, Entretenimiento - Telemundo 40
  31. ^ KLUJ_harlingen
  32. ^ Noticias 48 | Noticias del rio grande valle
  33. ^ Multimedios TV
  34. ^ a b Home | KMBH TV
  35. ^ Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM | Valle de Texas Radio Cristiana
  36. ^ http://www.masmusic.tv/
  37. ^ Exitos 91.3 - Más y Mejor Musica
  38. ^ KCAS Radio - 91.5FM
  39. ^ a b Multimedios Radio :: Piensa Radio
  40. ^ http://q945rocks.com/
  41. ^ radioramareynosa.com
  42. ^ Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM | Música Romántica en Español en McAllen
  43. ^ KVMV
  44. ^ http://www.thecity977.com/
  45. ^ 995 lanueva | KKPS Musica Tejana - La Nueva
  46. ^ FM 100 KTEX - McAllen/Brownsville is KTEX Country
  47. ^ RADIO JOSE McAllenInicio » RADIO JOSE McAllen
  48. ^ :Digital 101.5 FM | McAllen, TX:. — Música Internacional
  49. ^ Wild 104 - McAllen/Brownsville Party Station
  50. ^ Jack 104.9 FM — McAllen : Rio Grande Valley
  51. ^ KQXX-FM - Mission-McAllen's Classic Rock
  52. ^ Radio Vida - La Estacion Que Te Da Vida!
  53. ^ KHKZ-FM - Mcallen/Brownsville Best Music
  54. ^ 107.9 KVLY | 107.9 Mix FM
  55. ^ 710 KURV: The Valley's News, Weather &amp Talk Station
  56. ^ a b http://radioavanzado.com/

External links[edit]