Edinburgh (UK Parliament constituency)

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Edinburgh
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Edinburgh
17081885
Number of members 1808–1832: One
1832–1885: Two
Replaced by Edinburgh Central
Edinburgh South
Edinburgh East
Edinburgh West
Created from Edinburgh

Edinburgh was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1885. Originally a single member constituency, representation was increased to two members in 1832. It was abolished in 1885, being split into Edinburgh Central, Edinburgh South, Edinburgh East and Edinburgh West.

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From a Point on the Road from Leith to Queensferry which is distant Four hundred Yards (measured along such Road) to the West of the Point at which the same meets the Inverleith Road at the House called Golden Acre, in a straight Line to the North-western Corner of the Enclosure of John Watsons Institution; thence in a straight Line to the Second Stone Bridge, marked No. 2, on the Union Canal; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the Western Wall of the Enclosure of the Lunatic Asylum at Morningside meets the Jordan or Pow Burn; thence down the Jordan or Pow Burn to a Point which is distant One hundred and fifty Yards (measured along such Burn) below the Arch over the same on the Carlisle Road; thence in a straight Line to the Summit of Arthur's Seat, thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the Feeder enters the Western Side of Lochend Loch; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which Pilrig Street joins Leith Walk; thence along Pilrig Street and the Bonnington Road to the Point at which the latter meets the Road from Leith to Queensferry; thence along the Road from Leith to Queensferry to the Point first described."[1]


Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1708–1832[edit]

Election Member Party
1708 Sir Samuel MacClellan
1709 by-election Sir Patrick Johnston
1713 Sir James Stewart Whig
1715 Sir George Warrender
1721 by-election John Campbell
1734 Patrick Lindsay
1741 Archibald Stewart
1747 James Ker
1754 William Alexander
1761 George Lind
1762 by-election James Coutts
1768 Sir Lawrence Dundas Whig
1780 William Miller
1781 Sir Lawrence Dundas Whig
1781 by-election James Hunter Blair
1784 by-election Sir Adam Fergusson
1790 Henry Dundas Tory
1803 by-election Charles Hope Tory
1805 by-election George Abercromby Whig
1806 Sir Patrick Murray
1812 by-election William Dundas Tory
1831 Robert Adam Dundas Tory

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Under the Representation of the People Act 1832, Edinburgh's representation was increased to two members.

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Francis Jeffrey Liberal James Abercromby, later Baron Dunfermline Liberal
1834 by-election Sir John Campbell, later Baron Campbell Liberal
1839 by-election Thomas Babington Macaulay, later Baron Macaulay Liberal
1841 Sir William Gibson Craig Liberal
1847 Charles Cowan Radical
1852 Thomas Babington Macaulay Liberal
1856 by-election Adam Black Liberal
1859 by-election James Moncreiff, later Baron Moncreiff Liberal
1865 Duncan McLaren Liberal
1868 John Miller Liberal
1874 James Cowan Liberal
1880
January 1881 by-election John McLaren Liberal
August 1881 by-election Thomas Buchanan Liberal
1882 by-election Samuel Danks Waddy Liberal
1885 constituency divided: see Central, East, South and West divisions

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Edinburgh by-election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Samuel Danks Waddy 8,455 52.3
Liberal 7,718 47.7
Majority 737 4.6 N/A
Turnout 16,173 N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing
Edinburgh by-election, August 1881
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Buchanan unopposed
Liberal hold Swing
Edinburgh by-election, January 1881
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John McLaren, Lord McLaren 11,390
Liberal 3,940
Majority 7,450 N/A
Turnout 15,330 N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1880: Edinburgh[2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Duncan McLaren 17,807
Liberal James Cowan 17,301
Conservative John Macdonald, Lord Kingsburgh 5,651

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Edinburgh[2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Duncan McLaren 11,431
Liberal James Cowan 8,749
Liberal John Miller 6,218
Conservative John Macdonald, Lord Kingsburgh 5,713

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Edinburgh [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Duncan McLaren unopposed
Liberal John Miller unopposed
General Election 1865: Edinburgh[2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Duncan McLaren 4,354
Liberal James Moncreiff 4,148
Liberal Adam Black 3,797
Liberal John Miller 3,723

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

Edinburgh by-election, 1859[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Moncreiff unopposed
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1859: Edinburgh[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Adam Black unopposed
Radical Charles Cowan unopposed
General Election 1857: Edinburgh[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Adam Black unopposed
Radical Charles Cowan unopposed
Edinburgh by-election, 1856[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Adam Black 2,429
Whig 1,786
General Election 1852: Edinburgh[3][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay 1,872
Radical Charles Cowan 1,754
Radical Lord Provost Duncan McLaren 1,559
Conservative Mr Bruce 1,065
Independent Liberal Mr Campbell of Monzie 625

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

Edinburgh by-election, 1847[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Charles Cowan unopposed
Radical hold Swing
General Election 1847: Edinburgh[3][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Charles Cowan 2,063
Whig William Gibson-Craig 1,854
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay 1,477
Conservative Peter Blackburn 980
Edinburgh by-election, 15 July 1846[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay 1,735
Whig 832
Edinburgh by-election, 13 July 1846[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Gibson-Craig unopposed
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1841: Edinburgh[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay unopposed
Whig William Gibson-Craig unopposed
Edinburgh by-election, 1840[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay unopposed
Whig hold Swing

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

Edinburgh by-election, 1839[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Thomas Babington Macaulay unopposed
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1837: Edinburgh[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig James Abercromby unopposed
Whig John Campbell unopposed
Edinburgh by-election, 1835[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Campbell unopposed
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1835: Edinburgh[3][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig James Abercromby 2,963 32.4
Whig John Campbell 2,858 31.3
Conservative James Broun-Ramsay 1,716 18.8
Conservative John Learmonth 1,608 17.6
Edinburgh by-election, 23 June 1834[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig James Abercromby unopposed
Whig hold Swing
Edinburgh by-election, 2 June 1834[3][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Campbell 1,932 50.7
Conservative John Learmonth 1,402 36.8
Radical James Aytoun 480 12.6
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1832: Edinburgh[3][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Francis Jeffrey 4,035 42.9
Whig James Abercromby 3,850 40.9
Tory Forbes Blair 1,519 16.2
Radical James Aytoun withdrew in fabour of Jeffrey & Abercromby
General Election 1831: Edinburgh[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Robert Adam Dundas 17
Whig Francis Jeffrey 14
Tory William Allan of Glen 2
General Election 1830: Edinburgh[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Dundas unopposed

Elections in the 1820s[edit]

General Election 1826: Edinburgh[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Dundas unopposed
General Election 1820: Edinburgh[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Dundas 25
Whig James Maitland 3

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cambridge University
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1835 – 1839
Succeeded by
Hampshire North