University of Edinburgh Medical School
|University of Edinburgh Medical School|
|Dean||Prof Sir John Savill|
|Admin. staff||1244 (2007/8; includes Support Staff)|
|Campus||The Medical School, Teviot Place
Chancellor's Building, RIE
Western General Hospital
Royal Hospital for Sick Children
|Colours||Dark Red, Light Red and Pale Yellow (or "Liver, Blood and Pus" according to the history books)|
|Affiliations||University of Edinburgh|
The University of Edinburgh Medical School is part of the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Established in 1726, during the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh Medical School is the oldest established medical school in Scotland and one of the oldest in the English-speaking world. It ranks 1st in Scotland and 3rd in the UK according to the Guardian University Guide, The Times Good University Guide. and the Complete University Guide. It ranks 1st in the UK in research according to the most recent RAE in 2008. It ranks 28th in the world according to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2012-13 and 33rd in the world according to the QS World University Rankings 2012. According to the Saga Healthcare Survey, the medical school's main teaching hospital, the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, is ranked as the best hospital in Scotland.
As of 2012 the school accepts 206 European Union medical students per year and an additional 37 students from outwith the EU. Admission is very competitive, with an acceptance rate of 13.3% for the 2012-13 admissions year. The yield rate, also known as the matriculation rate is 71% for the 2012-13 admissions year.
Although the University of Edinburgh's Faculty of Medicine was not formally organised until 1726, medicine had been taught at Edinburgh since the beginning of the sixteenth century. Its formation was dependent on the incorporation of the Surgeons and Barber Surgeons, in 1505 and the foundation of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1681.
The University was modelled on the University of Bologna, but medical teaching was based on that of the sixteenth century University of Padua, and later on the University of Leiden (where most of the founders of the faculty had studied) in an attempt to attract foreign students, and maintain potential Scottish students in Scotland.
Since the Renaissance the primary facet of medical teaching here was anatomy and therefore in 1720, Alexander Monro was appointed Professor of Anatomy. Later his son and grandson (both of the same name) would hold the position, a reign of Professor Alexander Monros lasting 128 years. In subsequent years four further chairs completed the faculty allowing it to grant the qualification of Doctor of Medicine (MD) without the assistance of the Royal College of Physicians.
Success in the teaching of medicine and surgery through the eighteenth century was achieved thanks to the first teaching hospital, town physicians and the town guild of Barber Surgeons (later to become the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh). By 1764 the number of medical students was so great that a new 200-seat Anatomy Theatre was built in the College Garden. Throughout the 17th century and first half of the 18th century the Edinburgh Medical School was the preeminent medical school in the English speaking world. Students were attracted to the Edinburgh Medical School from Ireland, America and the Colonies by a succession of brilliant teachers, such as William Cullen, James Gregory and Joseph Black, the Medical Society and a flourishing Extra-Mural School. Graduates of the medical school went on to found the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Yale School of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, University of Vermont College of Medicine and Harvard Medical School.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh 
The origins of the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary began in a small house, opposite the head of Robertson's Close, in today's Infirmary Street. Only four beds were available from 6 August 1729 and medical students' visits were limited to two tickets only per student (to prevent crowding). This was clearly inadequate, and in 1741, shortly after the foundation of the college, a 228-bed purpose-built hospital was designed by William Adam. Due to overcrowding throughout this High School Yards site, David Bryce was commissioned to design a new hospital - the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh on Lauriston Place close to the university and next door to where the medical school buildings would be built in 1880.
In August 1998 a contract was signed to build a new Royal Infirmary at Little France, a replacement hospital on a mostly green field site in the south-east of the city. In May 2001 the original 20-acre (81,000 m2) Lauriston Place site was bought for £30 million by Southside Capital Ltd., a consortium comprising Taylor Woodrow, Kilmartin Property Group, and the Bank of Scotland. It is to be redeveloped as the Quartermile housing, shopping, leisure and hotel development.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland.
The Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh 
The Edinburgh Botanic Garden was created in 1670 for study of medicinal plants by Dr Robert Sibbald (later first Professor of Medicine at Edinburgh University) and Dr Andrew Balfour. It gave a base for the development of study of Pharmacology (Materia Medica) and Chemistry. Originally at St Anne’s Yards adjacent to Holyrood Palace, the garden measured a meagre 40 square feet (3.7 m2). It moved subsequently to the ground now occupied by Waverley Station and in the 1760s was again relocated to Shrubhill between Edinburgh and Leith. It was not until after 1820 that the garden and its contents began the move to its present day location in Inverleith ('The Inverleith Garden') by Robert Graham (appointed Regius Keeper, 1820–45). It is currently recognised as the second oldest botanic garden in Britain after Oxford (OBG founded in 1620).
The nineteenth century saw a growth of new sciences at Edinburgh, notably of Physiology and Pathology, and the development of Public Health and Psychiatry. Midwifery was finally admitted as an essential part of the compulsory medical curriculum.
Women and Medical School 
In 1869 Sophia Jex-Blake was reluctantly accepted to attend a limited number of classes in the School of Medicine, enrolling Edinburgh in the heated international battle for women to enter medicine. Full equality between the sexes was not achieved at Edinburgh Medical School until 20 years later. British medical schools openly refused to accept women students at this time. Jex-Blake persuaded Edinburgh University to allow not only herself, but also her friend, Edith Pechy, to attend medical lectures.
The Medical School at Teviot Place 
In the 1860s the medical school was constrained within the Old College and by 1880 the new Royal Infirmary had been built on Lauriston Place. The construction of new medical buildings began and they were completed by 1888, in Teviot Place, adjacent to the Royal Infirmary. Together they housed the Medical Faculty with proper facilities for teaching, scientific research and practical laboratories. This complex came to be known as the "New Quad," in contrast to the Old College (sometimes known as the "Old Quad") and New College, which was not originally part of the university.
The competition to design the University's new buildings was won by the architect Sir Robert Rowand Anderson in 1877 (who later designed the dome of the Robert Adam/William Henry Playfair Old College building). After extensive European travel, he decided upon a 'Cinquecento' Italian Renaissance style which he judged "more suitable than Greek or Palladian, where the interior would have been constrained by the formal exterior, or mediaeval, which would have been out of keeping with the spirit of scientific medical enquiry". Initially the design incorporated a new University Graduation Hall, but as this was seen as too ambitious. A separate building was constructed for the purpose, the McEwan Hall, also designed by Anderson, after funds were made available by the brewer Sir William McEwan in 1894. The final grand structure took three years to decorate including elaborate ceiling murals and organ.
The Medical School was designed around two courts, with a grand public quadrangle at the front and, for discreet delivery of cadavers to the dissection rooms, a second private yard entered from the lane behind. The Professor of Anatomy, Sir William Turner (Professor 1867 to 1903, Principal 1903 to 1917) was placed in charge of the project leading to the construction of a three-storey galleried Anatomy Museum with displays of everything from whales to apes as well as human anatomy, an associated library and a whole series of dissecting rooms, laboratories, and a grand anatomy lecture theatre (based on that at Padua) with steeply raked benches rising above the central dissecting table. The Anatomy Museum has since been plastered and its remnants are now a student study space, off-limits to the general public, although the grand elephant skeletons that were once the hallmark of the museums entrance still remain in the east wing.
Today the medical buildings at Teviot Place focus on the teaching of pre-clinical subjects such as biochemistry and anatomy. The building still holds the anatomy teaching laboratory (although prosection has replaced dissection) and anatomy resource centre (a scaled down version of the anatomy museum) and the original lecture theatre. The building also hosts the Biomedical Teaching Organisation, where subjects allied to medicine (such as physiology and forensic science) are taught to senior biology students and to medical students taking intercalated degrees.
There are also currently plans to hand the West Wing of the medical school to the History Department of Edinburgh University, as the previous occupants (the Department of Medical Microbiology) have moved to the new campus at Little France.
The Medical School at Little France 
The Chancellor's Building was opened on 12 August 2002 by The Duke of Edinburgh and houses the new £40 million Medical School at the New Royal Infirmary in Little France. It was a joint project between private finance, the local authorities and the University to create a large modern hospital, veterinary clinic and research institute and thus the University is currently (2003) in the process of moving its Veterinary and Medical Faculties there (and quite possibly also the School of Nursing). It has two large lecture theatres and a medical library. It is connected to the new Edinburgh Royal Infirmary by a series of corridors.
The Polish School of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh 
The Polish School of Medicine was established in 1941 as a "a wartime testament to this spirit of enlightenment". Students were to be those drawn from the Polish army to Britain and were taught in Polish. Classes in pre-clinical subjects were held at the Medical School Clinical teaching was carried out mainly at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh in Lauriston Place. A separate building, the Paderewski Hospital, was built in the grounds of the Western General to provided care for members of the Polish armed forces and civilians.
The project was initiated by Lt. Col. Professor Francis Crew, then Commanding Officer at the Military Hospital in Edinburgh Castle, and Lt. Col. Dr Antoni Jurasz, the School's organiser and first Dean.
The school was closed in March 1949. 336 students matriculated of which 227 students graduated with the equivalent of an MBChB. A total of 19 doctors obtained a doctorate or MD. A bronze plaque commemorating the existence of the Polish School of Medicine is located in the Quadrangle of the Medical School in Teviot Place.
The Edinburgh Model 
The Edinburgh Model was a model of medical teaching developed by the University of Edinburgh in the 18th century and widely emulated around the world including at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and the McGill University Faculty of Medicine. It was a two-tiered education model, revolutionary and well suited to the medical system of the UK at the time. First, the model offered its students studies in all branches of science, not just medicine. According to Mary Hewson, "every branch of science was regularly taught, and drawn together so compactly from one to the other." Edinburgh offered the most extensive selection of courses in any university in Britain. Second, it had a two-tiered education model which allowed a great number of students to matriculate, but allowed few to graduate. The requirements for an MD were very stringent. Students had to attend all lectures with the exception of midwifery (although it was strongly encouraged nonetheless), they had to study for at minimum 3 years, had to write a series of oral and written examinations in Latin and had to compose a Latin thesis and defend it before the whole faculty. As a result, the majority of students, attended Edinburgh with the intention of learning medicine for 1 year before leaving due to the costs of a degree and the fact that a MD degree was not required to practice medicine. Between 1765 and 1825, only 20% of Edinburgh students graduated with an MD. This model allowed Edinburgh to train many physicians and have a large network of alumni. Under this model, Edinburgh flourished as the leading medical institution in the world throughout the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries.
Entry qualifications include:
SQA Highers: AAAAB. AAAAB at one sitting to include Chemistry and two of Biology, Maths or Physics. Students unable to take two of Biology, Maths, Physics in S5 may take the missing subject(s) in S6. Human Biology may replace Biology. Standard Grade Credit (or Intermediate 2) in Biology, Chemistry, English, Maths.
GCE A Levels: AAA. AAA plus grade B at AS-level. A levels must include Chemistry and one of Biology, Maths or Physics. Biology at AS level required as minimum. Only one of Maths or Further Maths will be considered. Human Biology may replace Biology. GCSE grade B in Biology, Chemistry, English, Maths. Double Award Combined Sciences at grade BB may replace GCSE grades in sciences.
Additional requirements include the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is a mandatory requirement for all students applying to study Medicine at Edinburgh and applicants are required to sit the test during the summer prior to application. Registration for the test is via the UKCAT website.
Most applicants including overseas applicants are not interviewed prior to admission.
The 5 year MBChB course can extend a pre-entry year for applicants without adequate subject choice but with the right qualifications who otherwise would be admitted on to the 5 year programme, or an extra 'intercalated year' between years 2 and 3 to gain a BSc or BMedSci in a separate scientific discipline.
The Current Course and Curriculum 
Degrees available for study: Medical Sciences (BSc), Medicine (5-year course) (MBChB) with optional intercalated Medical Sciences (BMedSci).
MBChB: Years 1 & 2 
Students undertake the study of Biomedical Science and Health and Society, which provide an introduction to the scientific, sociological and behavioural principles for the practice of medicine. Practical clinical and resuscitation skills are also taught. Contact is made with patients and their families in Talking with Families and Health Needs of Older People and will have the opportunity to work in a clinical setting and investigate a chosen healthcare issue.
In year 2, students undertake basic history-taking and examination in teaching general practices.
Intercalated year 
This optional year achieves the student an intercalated Bachelor of Medical Sciences honours degree. 18 fields of scientific study are available and covered in great depth.
Years 3 & 4 
Clinical attachments are undertaken, and an understanding of clinical medicine is taught. Bedside teaching is enhanced with lectures and opportunities are made available to students within the Royal Infirmary.
Year 5 
Recovers all the topics of year's 1-4 and includes an elective period of eight weeks, when many students broaden their clinical experience by studying overseas.
Undergraduate teaching through year 1 and 2 center mainly in the Medical School buildings on Teviot Row in the university quarter of Edinburgh city centre. Clinical years, 3, 4 and 5 are spent spread across the three main teaching hospitals in Edinburgh, the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh (RIE) in Little France, in the city's southern Green Belt; the Western General Hospital just west of the city centre, and the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in the centre of the city.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh is the main clinical teaching environment of the Medical School. The Chancellor's Building at Little France, next to the new Royal Infirmary was opened on 12 August 2002 by HRH Prince Phillip Duke of Edinburgh, Chancellor to the University.
- The Biological Sciences and Hospital-based Clinical Subjects both gained a 5 rating.
- Only two other UK undergraduate medical schools also achieved a 5 rating in Hospital-based Clinical Subjects
- Plan of the Chancellor's Building - Little France
- Location of major medical buildings
Edinburgh Electronic Medical Curriculum is an online virtual learning environment (VLE) which allows students securely protected access direct to any of the information on or for the MBChB course. It also encompasses announcements, discussions and the use the tools embedded in EEMeC to facilitate and manage students' progress through the course including exam results and computer aided learning programmes. Created in 1998 this was one of the first of its kind in the world and has since provided a model for other medical schools to follow. In 2005 The University of Edinburgh was awarded a Queen's Anniversary Prize for EEMeC and The Virtual Hospital Online.
Edinburgh University is a member of the Russell Group of universities, receiving a quanta of a third of British research funding. In the last UK-wide Research Assessment Exercise, three quarters of the College's research staff were in academic units rated 5 or 5 star (the maximum possible ratings). This was more noteworthy in view of the large size of the College's research groupings. The College has average research income in excess of £45 million/annum, and the figure has been steadily increasing each year.
Main sources of research funding include UK research councils, UK medical and veterinary medical charities, industry and commerce and European Union bodies.
Royal Medical Society 
The Royal Medical Society, the medical society at the University of Edinburgh is the oldest Medical Society in the UK. Known originally as 'the Medical Society' from 1734 it became known as 'the Royal Medical Society' from 1777. It has its own premises and a fine library built up throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, unfortunately sold at 3 sales at Sotheby's London in 1969. Much of the collection was purchased by the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Famous alumni 
Pioneers in Medicine
|James Lind||MD 1748||Scottish military surgeon, pioneer of naval hygiene, conducted the first ever clinical trial, developed cure for scurvy and typhus, first proposed fresh water could be obtained from distilling sea water|
|Alexander Monro||MD 1755||Scottish physician and anatomist, described the lymphatic system, elucidated the musculo-skeletal system, described the foramen of Monro|
|William Withering||MD 1766||botanist and physician, discovered Digoxin|
|Benjamin Bell||1767||Scottish surgeon, Father of Edinburgh's school of surgery, first to suggest syphilis and gonnorhea were not the same disease|
|John Cheyne||MD 1795||Scottish physician, discovered Cheyne-Stokes respiration, Physician General to the British Armed Forces in Ireland|
|Charles Bell||MD 1798||Scottish anatomist and neurologist, discovered Bell's palsy|
|James Blundell||MD 1813||English obstetrician, who performed the first successful human to human blood transfusion|
|Richard Bright||MD 1813||English physician, discovered Bright's disease, known as the "father of nephrology"|
|Thomas Addison||MD 1815||English physician, discovered Addison's disease, pernicious anemia and Addison-Schilder syndrome|
|Robert Liston||1815||Scottish surgeon, inventor of artery forceps and the Liston knife, known as "the fastest surgeon alive"|
|James Begbie||MD 1821||Scottish physician, first described Graves' Disease also known as Begbie's disease, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh|
|Thomas Hodgkin||MD 1823||English pathologist, described Hodgkin's lymphoma|
|Sir William Brooke O'Shaughnessy||MD 1829||Irish physician, introduced Cannabis, also known as medical marijuana, into Western medicine, inventor of IV therapy, pioneered work on telegraphy and installed 3500 miles of telegraph lines in India|
|Sir James Young Simpson||MD 1832||discovered chloroform anaesthesia in 1847, revolutionising obstetric and surgical practice.|
|James Spence||1832, Prof. Systemic Surgery 1864-1882||Scottish surgeon, President of the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, the tail of Spence is named after him|
|John Murray Carnochan||1834||American neurosurgeon, performed the world's first successful surgery for trigeminal neuralgia|
|John Hughes Bennett||MD 1837||English physician, first to describe aspergillosis and first identified leukaemia as a blood disorder|
|Alexander Wood||MD 1839||Scottish physician, invented the first hypodermic syringe|
|John Struthers||MD 1845||Scottish anatomist, discovered and described the vestigial organ Ligament of Struthers which was used by Charles Darwin to argue the case for evolution|
|Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st Baronet FRS||BSc 1867, MD 1768, DSc 1870||discovered organic nitrates had the ability to alleviate angina pectoris|
|Robert Marcus Gunn||MB 1873, CM 1873||Scottish ophthalmologist, discovered Gunn's Sign and the Marcus Gunn pupil|
|Sir George Beatson||MD 1878||surgical oncologist who pioneered oophorectomy, the removal of the ovaries in the treatment of breast cancer|||
|David Bruce||MB 1881, CM 1881||Scottish pathologist, identified the cause of sleeping sickness and discovered Malta fever and brucellosis|
|Harold Stiles||MB 1885, CM 1885, FRCS(Edin) 1889||British surgeon, known for research in tuberculosis and breast cancer, performed first pyloromyotomy|
|Percy Theodore Herring||MB 1896, CM 1896, MD 1899||English physician, discovered herring bodies|
|Samuel Wilson||MB 1902, BSc 1903, MD 1912||British neurologist, described Wilson's disease|
|Thomas Addis||MB 1905, MD 1908||Scottish-American physician, described the pathogenesis of haemophilia, demonstrated that normal blood plasma could correct the defect in haemophilia|
|Cuthbert Dukes||MD 1914||English pathologist, devised the Dukes classification system for colorectal cancer|
|Ian Frazer||BSc 1974, MB 1977, ChB 1977||Scottish-Australian physician, discovered the link between HPV and cervical cancer, co-invented the HPV vaccine for cervical cancer, CEO and Director of Research at the Translational Institute of Research, University of Queensland|
|Richard Eastell||MB 1977, ChB 1977, MD 1984||British physician, pioneered treatments in osteoporosis|
|Gordon Wishart||MB 1983, ChB 1983, MD 1992||British breast surgeon, identified P-glycoprotein in breast cancer, introduced early patient discharge following breast surgery, pioneered minimally invasive parathyroid surgery, pioneered pre-operative axillary lymph node breast cancer staging|
Founders of Medical Schools
|John Morgan||MD 1763||Founder of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, founder of the American Philosophical Society, served as Chief Physician and Director General of the Continental Army|
|Samuel Bard||MD 1765||Founder and President of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, described diphtheria|
|Benjamin Waterhouse||1778||Co-founder of Harvard Medical School|
|Sir Gilbert Blane||1773||Physician to the King (George IV and William IV) and the Prince of Wales, instituted health reform in the Royal Navy|
|Nathan Smith||1797||New England physician and founder of the Yale School of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, University of Vermont College of Medicine and the medical school at Bowdoin College|
|Andrew Fernando Holmes||MD 1819||Co-founder and dean of the McGill University Faculty of Medicine|
|Sophia Jex-Blake||1873||Founder of two medical schools for women in London and Edinburgh|
|Dugald Christie||MB 1882, CM 1882||Founder of Mukden Medical College in China, now known as the China Medical University|
Leaders in Medicine
|Robert Whytt||1734||President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, First physician to the King in Scotland, wrote book on diseases of the nervous system|
|William Cullen||1736, Prof. Physiology 1756-89||President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (1746-7), President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1773-75), first physician to the King in Scotland|
|Francis Home||MD 1750, Prof. Materia Medica 1768-1798||President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, co-founder of the Royal Medical Society, made the first attempt to vaccinate against measles|
|William Shippen Jr.||MD 1761||President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, President of the British Dental Association, founder of the Edinburgh School of Dentistry, co-founder of the Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Andrew Duncan Sr.||1768, Prof. Medicine 1773-1824||President of the Royal Medical Society and the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, First physician to the King in Scotland, founder of the Harveian Society, founder of the first lunatic asylum in Edinburgh|
|John Coakley Lettsom||1768||Philanthropist, Founder of the Medical Society of London|
|Benjamin Rush||MD 1768||Founding Father of the United States, Surgeon General of the Continental Army, founder of Dickinson College|
|Sir James McGrigor, 1st Baronet||1788||Founder of the Royal Army Medical Corps|
|James Gregory||MD 1774||President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and author|
|Andrew Duncan Jr.||MA 1793, MD 1794, Prof. Med Jurisprudence 1807-1832||Created of the journal Edinburgh New Dispensatory, Chief Editor of the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal|
|David Maclagan||MD 1805||Physician to the Forces, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh|
|William Alison||MD 1811, Prof. Medicine and Physic 1822-1856||Scottish physician, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, advocate of preventative social medicine|
|Thomas Graham Balfour||MD 1834||Scottish physician, President of the Royal Statistical Society, Staff Surgeon at the Royal Military Asylum|
|William Tennant Gairdner||MD 1845||President of the British Medical Association|
|John Smith||MD 1847||Founder of the Edinburgh school of dentistry, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, President of the British Dental Association, co-founder of the Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Joseph Bell||MD 1859||Scottish surgeon, lecturer at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and personal surgeon to Queen Victoria, served as the inspiration for Sherlock Holmes|
|Frederick Montizambert||MD 1865||Canadian physician, first Director-General of Public Health in Canada, President of the Canadian Medical Association, President of the American Public Health Association, inductee to the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame|
|Robert Muir||MA 1884, MB 1888, CM 1888, MD 1890||Scottish pathologist, author of Muir's Textbook of Pathology|
|Andrew Balfour||MB 1894, CM 1894, MD 1898, BSc 1900||Scottish physician, Medical Officer of Health in Khartoum, Director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine|
|George Newman||MD 1895||English physician, Chief Medical Officer of England|
|J.C. Boileau Grant||MB 1908, ChB 1908||Anatomist, author of Grant's Atlas of Anatomy|
|Alexander Biggam||MB 1911, ChB 1911, MD 1942||Scottish physician, Major General in the British Army, Honorary physician to King George VI|
|Charles Illingworth||MB 1922, ChB 1922, MD 1929, ChM 1939||President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, Surgeon to the Queen in Scotland|
|John George Macleod||MB 1938, ChB 1938||Scottish physician, author of Macleod's Clinical Examination|
|Ekkehard von Kuenssberg||MB 1939, ChB 1939||Founder and President of the Royal College of General Practitioners|
|Sydney Selwyn||BSc, MB, ChB, MD||Authority on the history of medicine, designed the Florence Nightingale 10 pound note, pioneer in bone marrow transplantation|
|Sheila Sherlock||MB 1941, ChB 1941, MD 1945||First woman in the UK to be appointed professor of medicine, published over 600 papers, founded the liver unit at London's Royal Free Hospital|
|Philip Raffaelli||MB 1979, ChB 1979||Surgeon General of the British Armed Forces, Vice Admiral in the Royal Navy, Governor of the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust|
Pioneers in Science and Humanities
|James Hutton||1747||Scottish physician, geologist, known for theories on Deep time and Gaia Hypothesis|
|Joseph Black||MD 1754||Scottish physician and chemist, discoverer of carbon dioxide, latent heat and specific heat|
|Erasmus Darwin||1755||physician, poet, author and evolutionary biologist.|
|Daniel Rutherford||MD 1772, Prof. Medicine and Botany 1786-1819||Scottish physician, chemist and botanist, first to isolate nitrogen in 1772|
|Thomas Charles Hope||MD 1787, Prof. Medicine and Chemistry (1799-1843)||Scottish physician, chemist, discovered the element strontium, demonstrated that water reached its maximum density at 4C in an experiment called Hope's experiment, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh|
|Thomas Brown||MD 1803||Scottish metaphysician|
|William Prout||MD 1811||English physician and chemist, known for Prout's hypothesis, discovered hydrochloric acid in the stomach and improved the barometer|
|James Braid||1814||Scottish surgeon, pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy|
|Robert Edmond Grant||MD 1814||Scottish physician, biologist, mentor of Charles Darwin|
|Charles Darwin||1827||English naturalist, published the theory of evolution, author of On the Origin of Species and The Descent of Man|
|David Boswell Reid||MD 1830||Scottish physician, inventor, expert on ventilation, President of the Royal Medical Society|
|Charles Wyville Thomson||MD 1845||Chief scientist of the Challenger expedition, discovered animal life at depths of 1200m|
|John Kirk||MD 1854||Scottish physician, botanist, companion of David Livingstone, identified the Zanzibar Red Colobus, British Consul in Zanzibar|
|John Anderson||MD 1862||Scottish zoologist, first curator of the Indian Museum in Calcutta|
|Neil Gordon Munro||MB 1888, CM 1888, MD 1909||Scottish physician, anthropologist, one of the first people to study the Ainu people of Hokkaido|
|William Buchan||MD 1761||author of books on domestic medicine|
|William Crawford||MD 1781||United States Congressman from Pennsylvania's 5th and 6th Congressional districts|
|Samuel Seabury||1753||first American Episcopal bishop, first bishop of Connecticut|
|Oliver Goldsmith||1754||Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright, author of the novel The Vicar of Wakefield and the children's tale of The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes|
|Henry Latimer||MD 1775||United States Senator from Delaware|
|George Logan||MD 1779||United States Senator from Pennsylvania|
|Samuel L. Mitchill||MD 1786||United States Senator from New York|
|James Jones||MD 1796||United States Representative from Virginia|
|William Jardine||MD 1802||Co-founder of Hong Kong conglomerate Jardine, Matheson and Company, Whig MP for Ashburton|
|James C. Crow||MD 1822||Scottish inventor of the sour mash proceess for creating Bourbon whiskey, creator of the Old Crow brand of Bourbon whiskey|
|John Rae||MD 1833||Scottish explorer, discovered the fate of the Franklin Expedition, discovered Rae Straight, showed that King William Land was an island|
|David Monro||MD 1835||Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, MP representing Waimea|
|William Johnston Almon||1836||Nova Scotian physician, Canadian Senator from Nova Scotia, Canadian MP for Halifax|
|John Logan Campbell||MD 1839||New Zealand physician, Mayor of Auckland, co-founder of Auckland Savings Bank, Superintendent of Auckland, known as the "Father of Auckland"|
|Sir Charles Tupper||MD 1843||6th Prime Minister of Canada and father of confederation|
|Henry Halcro Johnston||MB 1880, CM 1880, MD 1893, BSc 1893, DSc 1894||Scottish botanist, represented Scotland internationally in rugby union, Colonel in the British Army|
|Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle||MB 1881, CM 1881, MD 1885||novelist, creator of the character Sherlock Holmes|
|John Batty Tuke||MB 1881, CM 1881, MD 1890||Scottish psychiatrist, Conservative MP for the University of Edinburgh and St Andrews|
|Robert Stirton Thornton||MB 1884, CM 1884||Minister of Education for Manitoba, President of the Medical Council of Canada|
|George Ernest Morrison||MD 1895||Australian adventurer, The Times correspondent in Peking during Boxer Rebellion|
|Bernard Friedman||MB 1921, ChB 1921||South African surgeon, co-founder of the anti-apartheid Progressive Party|
|Robert McIntyre||MB 1938, ChB 1938||Scottish politician, leader of the Scottish National Party from 1947-56, first SNP MP for Motherwell|
|Kerry Lang||MB 1998, ChB 1998||British triathelete, British Triathlon Vice Champion of the Year 2009|
- William Budd - English physician and epidemiologist, discovered that infections could be spread through feces
- John Fothergill - English physician, plant collector, philanthropist
- Robert Knox - Anatomy lecturer in Edinburgh.
- James Syme - pioneering Scottish surgeon.
List includes faculty who were not also graduates of the medical school
|Joseph Lister||Prof. Clinical Surgery 1869-1877, FRCS(Edin) 1855,||Scottish surgeon, introduced carbolic acid to sterilize surgical instruments|
|George Barger||Prof. Chemistry in Relation to Medicine 1919-1937,||British chemist, identified tyramine, contributed to the synthesis of thyroxine and Vitamin B1|
|John Crofton||Prof. Respiratory Disease and Tuberculosis 1952-1977,||British physician, pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis, which was known as the Edinburgh method.|||
|Michael Woodruff||Chair of Surgical Science 1957-1976,||British transplant surgeon, performed the first ever kidney transplant in the UK|
|Kenneth Murray||Head of Molecular Biology 1967-84, Biogen Professor of Molecular Biology 1984-1998, FRSE 2000||Developed recombinant DNA technology, developed the vaccine for Hepatitis B, co-founder of biotechnology company Biogen|||
|Andrew H. Wyllie||Prof. Experimental Pathology 1992-1998, FRS 1995,||Scottish pathologist, discovered the importance of programmed cell death and coined the term apoptosis|
|Matthew Kaufman||Prof. Anatomy 1985-2007, FRS(Edin) 2008||First to derive embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos|
|Sir Ian Wilmut||Prof. Emeritus 2006-Present, FRS(Edin) 2000||Scottish embryologist, first to clone a mammal, a Finn Dorset lamb named Dolly|
In popular culture 
- In the television show NCIS, the chief medical examiner Dr. Donald "Ducky" Mallard studied medicine at Edinburgh.
- In the BBC soap opera Doctors, Dr. Emma Reid studied medicine at Edinburgh
- The character Sherlock Holmes, created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, was based on Dr. Joseph Bell, a graduate and lecturer at Edinburgh.
Doctors Pub 
Situated directly across the road from the medical school buildings and the old Royal Infirmary, "Doctors" has been the refuge since the 1970s of many Edinburgh Medical School graduates and students. History drapes the walls in the forms of plaques and photographs.
- "University guide 2012: Medicine". The Guardian (London). 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- Watson, Roland; Elliott, Francis; Foster, Patrick. "Good University Guide 2010". The Times (London).
- "www.ukmedicalschools.com UK Medical School Statistics". ukmedicalschools.com. Retrieved 2008-09-08.[dead link]
- "The Polish School of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh". Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- "Thistle on the Delaware: Edinburgh Medical Education and Philadelphia Practice, 1800-1825". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "George Beatson". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "John Crofton". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Professor Sir Kenneth Murray". Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- "Edinburgh Doctors". Retrieved 2009-03-01.
Further reading 
Tara Womersley, Dorothy H Crawford, Bodysnatchers to Lifesavers: Three Centuries of Medicine in Edinburgh (Luath Press Ltd, Edinburgh, 2010), ISBN 978-1-906817-58-9
- The Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh
- The Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh
- Sophia Jex-Blake
- Admission FAQ's