Edinburgh Pentlands (UK Parliament constituency)

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Edinburgh Pentlands
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Edinburgh
19502005
Number of members One
Replaced by Edinburgh South West
Edinburgh South
Created from Midlothian and Peebles Northern

Edinburgh Pentlands was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, first used in the general election of 1950, and abolished prior to the general election of 2005. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

In 1999, a Scottish Parliament constituency was created with the same name and boundaries, and continues in use. See Edinburgh Pentlands (Scottish Parliament constituency).

Boundaries[edit]

In 2005, prior to the general election, the Westminster constituency was one of six covering the City of Edinburgh council area. Five were entirely within the city council area. One, Edinburgh East and Musselburgh, straddled the boundary with the East Lothian council area, to take in Musselburgh. Edinburgh Pentlands covered a south-western portion of the city council area.

In terms of wards used for elections to the City of Edinburgh Council, 1999 to 2007, Edinburgh Pentlands included wards named Balerno, Baberton, Colinton, Craiglockhart, Fairmilehead, Firrhill, Murrayburn, Parkhead, and Sighthill. The South Morningside ward was split between Edinburgh Pentlands and Edinburgh South. The seat had an urban north and a suburban centre. The remaining area was rural, and included a Pentland Hills area in the south.

In 2005, most of the constituency became part of Edinburgh South West. The Fairmilehead and South Morningside wards went to Edinburgh South. For the 2005 election, there were five constituencies covering the city area, all entirely within that area.[1]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1950 Lord John Hope Unionist
1964 Norman Wylie Unionist/Conservative
Feb 1974 Malcolm Rifkind Conservative
1997 Lynda Clark Labour
2005 constituency abolished: see Edinburgh South West and Edinburgh South

Election of the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lynda Clark 15,797 40.6 -2.4
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,055 36.1 +3.7
Liberal Democrat David John Walker 4,210 10.8 +0.8
SNP Stewart Gibb 4,210 10.8 -2.2
Scottish Socialist James Angus Mearns 555 1.4 N/A
UKIP Bill McMurdo 105 0.3 +0.1
Majority 1,742 4.5
Turnout 38,932 64.4 -12.3
Labour hold Swing -3.1

Elections of the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lynda Clark 19,675 43.0 11.9
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,813 32.4 -8.3
SNP Stewart Gibb 6,882 13.0 -2.4
Liberal Democrat Jenny Dawe 4,575 10.0 -2.6
Referendum Party Malcolm McDonald 422 0.9 N/A
Green Robin Harper 224 0.5 N/A
UKIP Alistair McConnachie 81 0.2 N/A
Majority 4,862 10.6
Turnout 45,742 76.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +10.1
General Election 1992: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 18,128 40.7
Labour Mark Lazarowicz 13,838 31.1
SNP Ms Kathleen Caskie 6,882 15.4
Liberal Democrat Keith Smith 5,597 12.6
Natural Law David Rae 111 0.2
Majority 4,290 9.6
Turnout 44,556 80.18
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,278 38.27
Labour Mark Lazarowicz 13,533 29.98
Social Democrat Keith Smith 11,072 24.52
SNP DN MacCormick 3,264 7.23
Majority 3,745 8.30
Turnout 77.67
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,051 39.19
Social Democrat Keith Smith 12,742 29.28
Labour E Milligan 10,390 23.88
SNP DN MacCormick 2,642 6.07
Ecology A Nicol-Smith 687 1.58
Majority 4,309 9.90
Turnout 73.38
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 17,684 39.28
Labour AJ Johnstone 16,486 36.62
Liberal C Luckhurst 5,919 13.15
SNP S Maxwell 4,934 10.96
Majority 1,198 2.66
Turnout 76.76
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 14,083 33.93
Labour George Foulkes 12,826 30.90
SNP J Hutchinson 10,189 24.55
Liberal SP Ross-Smith 4,411 10.63
Majority 1,257 3.03
Turnout 75.53
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Rifkind 18,162 41.20
Labour JD McWilliam 13,560 30.76
Liberal SP Ross-Smith 6,870 15.58
SNP T Forrest 5,491 12.46
Majority 4,602 10.44
Turnout 80.88
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman Wylie 21,829 46.11
Labour EGF Stewart 18,646 39.38
Liberal D Clarke 4,055 8.56
SNP AWS Rae 2,814 5.94
Majority 3,183 6.72
Turnout 76.90
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman Wylie 19,176 44.94
Labour W Wallace 19,132 44.84
Liberal D Clarke 4,363 10.22
Majority 44 0.10
Turnout 80.48
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Norman Wylie 20,181 46.04
Labour MJ Williamson 17,794 40.59
Liberal CL Abernethy 5,862 13.37
Majority 2,387 5.45
Turnout 81.57
Unionist hold Swing

Elections of the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord John Hope 25,742 60.30
Labour JP Mackintosh 16,950 39.70
Majority 8,792 20.59
Turnout 80.28
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1955: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord John Hope 23,496 59.47
Labour D Connell 16,011 40.53
Majority 7,485 18.95
Turnout 77.28
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1951: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord John Hope 27,804 57.67
Labour D Connell 20,405 42.33
Majority 7,399 15.35
Turnout 83.34
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1950: Edinburgh Pentlands
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord John Hope 23,107 50.54
Labour TA MacNair 17,912 39.18
Liberal Charlotte R McNee 4,703 10.29
Majority 5,195 11.36
Turnout 82.01
Unionist hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]