Edinburgh Place as viewed from
the City Hall in 2014
Edinburgh Place is a public square in Central, Hong Kong, adjacent to the Victoria Harbour. The Hong Kong City Hall is located in the square. In addition, the Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier and Queen's Pier were also located in the square before they were demolished in early 2007.
The Edinburgh Place complex, which included the City Hall and the Memorial gardens were designed by British architects Ron Phillips and Alan Fitch in 1956 for the most important civic functions of the city.
The Star Ferry Pier was designed by a local Chinese architect, Hung Yip Chan (born in 1921). He worked in the Architectural Office (AO) of the Hong Kong Government from 1952 -1957 as an assistant architect. He designed the elegant facade of the pier, and the Chief Architect, Michael Wright, added the Clock Tower to make the pier more balanced and practical.
Queen's Pier, completed in 1954, was "an integral part" of the cluster: the entrance to the City Hall formed an axis with the Pier to lend a sense of occasion to visiting dignatories. From the completion of City Hall in 1962, each arriving new Governor would land at Queen's Pier, and they would hold an inspection of the Guard of honour in Edinburgh Place before being sworn in nearby in the City Hall. The Star Ferry Pier was completed in 1957.
Edinburgh Place was deliberately kept as open space in the overbuilt city, freely accessible to the public, as this was considered an essential contrast to the city bustle. The out-sized public areas were conceived to promote the freedom of movement and a sense of unlimited space.
Its openness meant that the square would occasionally be used as a rallying point for small marches and protests within earshot of legislators. For example, in July 1978, 2000 people rallied to demand re-opening of defunct Precious Blood Golden Jubilee School. Since October 1987, the Legislative Council has banned gatherings outside the principal LegCo building.
- Heron, Liz (2007-05-13). "Save Queen's Pier, says architect of City Hall complex". South China Morning Post. p. 4.
- Annexe B3, EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
- Mass march on school row, The Gist, 10-Jul-1978
- Andy Ho, Legco clamps down on violent protests, The Standard, 17-Oct-1987
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