|Owner||Transport for Edinburgh|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||16|
|Operation will start||May 2014|
|Operator(s)||Edinburgh Trams Limited|
|Number of vehicles||27 CAF trams|
|Train length||42.8 metres (140 ft 5 in)|
|System length||14 kilometres (8.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC OHLE|
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph) off-street|
Edinburgh Trams is a tramway undergoing preliminary testing in Edinburgh, Scotland. The first phase of the project consists of a sixteen-station, 14-kilometre (8.7 mi) link between York Place in the New Town and Edinburgh Airport. Construction began in 2007, but was met with many delays and contractual disputes. Only two-thirds of the line proposed at the start of construction has been built. The line was originally meant to stretch from the airport to Newhaven, but was truncated owing to a funding crisis. A second line running from Haymarket to Granton Square was postponed indefinitely. A further proposal for a line serving the Southside was not approved by the Scottish Parliament and not funded. The tramway is operated by Edinburgh Trams Limited, a company owned by Transport for Edinburgh.
The first part of the tram system was originally scheduled to open in February 2011. By March 2010, project delays had resulted in the prime contractor revising their estimated completion date to 2014, and by the end of 2010 only 28 per cent of the infrastructure had been completed. The whole scheme was originally costed in 2003 at £375 million. A report issued in August 2011 estimated that the final cost of the truncated network would be more than £1 billion, including £228 million of interest payments on a 30-year loan to cover the funding shortfall.
- 1 History
- 2 Rolling stock
- 3 Operations, fares and ticketing
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Edinburgh's previous tram system, Edinburgh Corporation Tramways, ran from 1871 until it was decommissioned on 16 November 1956. Since then, public transport services have consisted of buses and a limited network of commuter rail lines. Towards the end of the 20th century, there was revived interest in trams, and several British cities such as Birmingham, Manchester and Nottingham introduced new schemes.
Various proposals for a new Edinburgh tram network were made in the 1990s, and a plan to build a line along Princes Street and Leith Walk to Newhaven pier was proposed in 1999 by the City of Edinburgh Council, Lothian and Edinburgh Enterprise and the New Edinburgh Tramways Company.
Proposals for a new Edinburgh tram network
The original 2001 proposal for Edinburgh Trams envisaged three routes across the city, lines 1, 2 and 3. The first was a circular route running around the northern suburbs, and the other two formed radial routes running out to Newbridge in the west and Newcraighall in the south respectively. All lines would have run through the city centre. In May 2004, a 15-year operating contract for Edinburgh Trams was awarded to Transdev, who were to operate and maintain the tram network. This contract was cancelled in 2009.
Following these transport studies, two bills were submitted to the Scottish Parliament to reintroduce a tram network to Edinburgh. Both bills were passed in March 2006, and received Royal Assent in April/May. Only lines 1 and 2 received parliamentary permission, and funding the construction of the entire network was deemed impossible. Line 3, which was meant to be paid for by a proposed Edinburgh congestion charge, was scrapped when that scheme was heavily defeated in a referendum. For this reason the construction of the remaining two lines was split into four phases:
- Phase 1a would incorporate the construction of an 18.5-kilometre (11.5 mi) line from Newhaven to Edinburgh Airport via Princes Street, combining parts of lines 1 and 2.
- Phase 1b would involve the construction of a 5.6-kilometre (3.5 mi) line from Haymarket to Granton Square via Crewe Toll, comprising most of the remainder of line 1.
- Phase 2 would link Granton Square and Newhaven together, completing the line 1 loop.
- Phase 3 would have the airport line extended to Newbridge, completing line 2.
The future of the tram scheme came under threat in 2007, when the Scottish National Party (SNP) published its manifesto for the Scottish Parliamentary election. In that document, the party made clear its intention to cancel the scheme, along with the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link, to save a total of £1.1bn. In the debate on the government's transport programme, opposition politicians made statements defending the Edinburgh Trams project. Labour MSP Wendy Alexander said "The Minister for Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change claimed that the costs were out of control, but they are not." Following a vote which it lost in the Scottish Parliament, the SNP-led minority Scottish Government agreed to continue with the line from the Airport to Leith on condition that no more public money would be supplied if the project overran. A report by Audit Scotland, commissioned by the Scottish Government, confirmed that the cost projections were sound. Initial costs for the scheme were estimated at £498 million, with £375 million in funding from the Scottish Government and £45 million from Edinburgh council.
On 25 October 2007, the City of Edinburgh Council gave approval to the Final Business Case. Approval was given by the Council on 22 December 2007 for TIE to sign contracts with CAF for the supply of the vehicles and BBS (a consortium of Siemens and Bilfinger Berger) for the design and construction of the network. Contract negotiations finished in April 2008, and construction started in June 2008. Funding problems and political disputes led to scaling back of the original plans. In April 2009, Edinburgh City Council announced the cancellation of phase 1b of the project, citing problems caused by the global recession, saving an estimated £75 million. This decision meant that the construction of the line to Granton was indefinitely postponed.
Tram works: 2007–2012
Until August 2011, the construction project was overseen by Transport Initiatives Edinburgh (TIE), a company wholly owned by the City of Edinburgh Council, who were responsible for project-managing the construction of the tramway.
After the draft business case was accepted by the Scottish Government in March 2007, initial construction work commenced in July 2007, with the diversion of underground utilities in preparation for track-laying in Leith. These works followed a plan by System Design Services (SDS), a joint design team led by Parsons Brinckerhoff and Halcrow Group Limited.
The initial tramway uses a mix of street running and segregated off-road track, with conventional tram stop platforms. Stops are fitted with shelters, ticket machines, lighting and CCTV. The network will be operated from a depot at Gogar, close to the A8 roundabout, just north of the Gyle tram stop.
The route of the tram line required the construction of new bridges to cross railway lines at Edinburgh Park and Stenhouse, and a tunnel under the A8 near the Gogar roundabout. An existing bridge at Balgreen was widened. The works to build a tram interchange at Haymarket station involved the demolition of a Category C(S) listed building, the former Caledonian Alehouse on Haymarket Terrace.
Some on-street sections of track had been laid into a special foundation with cobbled road surfacing designed to be sympathetic with the existing style of Edinburgh streets. This was removed in many places due to objections from cyclists. The trams are powered by overhead cables, which are either attached to purposely-built poles or mounted to the sides of buildings. There were to be nine electrical sub-stations for the line to Newhaven, both underground and above-ground. The number of sub-stations was later reduced to five when the line was truncated at York Place.
Project revisions and delays
In 2008 and 2009, the project was met with delays to work on tramway infrastructure.
Phase 1b of the tram construction project was cancelled due to financial problems in April 2009. Contractual disputes delayed track-laying work in the city centre. In December 2009, there were media reports that the project budget was running over £545 million, and that the tram system was likely to come into operation at least seven months late, putting the launch date back to February 2012 or later. Reports in January 2010 suggested that important milestones of the construction schedule had slipped by up to two years. In March 2010, Bilfinger Berger announced that the construction work would be delayed by a further 30 months, with an estimated completion date in 2014. The operating contract with Transdev was cancelled in December 2009, to reduce costs; the trams are instead operated by Edinburgh Trams Limited, a company owned by Transport for Edinburgh.
In February 2009, work on the Princes Street section of the works was stopped due to contractual disagreements between TIE and the BSC construction consortium. BSC reportedly submitted a late request for an additional £80 million funding which TIE was unable to meet. Dave Anderson, Edinburgh City Council's Director of City Development, expressed the view in an interview with the BBC's You and Yours radio programme, that the contractors' claims were unjustified as they had agreed to fixed-price contracts and to bear the project risks. After negotiations, BSC agreed to commence construction work in March 2009 within the original budget, although disagreements remained. Work restarted and line construction went ahead. In August 2009, TIE began legal proceedings against the BSC consortium over delays to the project, and track-laying works on Leith Walk, Shandwick Place and Haymarket were suspended pending the outcome. At issue were a number of alleged changes to BSC's work specification, including track works on Princes Street and £5 million additional costs on foundation work near Murrayfield Stadium. The BSC consortium also alleged that TIE had not diverted the underground utilities in time for track-laying to begin, breaching contractual agreements and costing the consortium additional staffing expenditure. In January 2010 the independent arbiter found in favour of TIE on some points, but on most of the disputed issues the arbiter ruled in favour of BSC and awarded the consortium 90% of their additional costs, estimated to be worth up to £80m.
Delays in track laying and depot construction affected tram vehicle testing. By September 2009, the construction work was reported to be nine months behind schedule, and CAF was due to deliver the first newly built trams from its factory in Spain. With a key project dependency out of synchronisation, TIE held discussions with Transport for London about delivering the trams to Croydon to conduct operational tests on the Tramlink network. In the end, tram vehicle testing commenced in March 2010 on the Siemens test track in Wildenrath, Germany. The tests included artificially recreating the steep gradients of Leith Walk, and using weights to simulate the heavy passenger load expected during a Murrayfield match day.
Following further disputes and delays to the project, it was reported in March 2010 that Edinburgh Council were considering cancelling the contract with Bilfinger Berger. By June 2010, the cost of the project had risen to £600 million. Council project managers were reported to be in crisis talks, considering a number of options including: borrowing an extra £55 million to fund the increased costs; phasing the introduction of the tram line, so that trams would initially run only between the airport and Haymarket; and terminating the contract with Bilfinger Berger. The Council asked TIE to draw up detailed costs for truncating the tram line at four possible places: Haymarket station, York Place, the foot of Leith Walk or Ocean Terminal.
Workers were sent back to work in May 2011 at priority locations, such as the Haymarket Yards and Gogar, while the future of the project was decided by the Council. In August 2011 it was announced TIE would be disbanded with consultants Turner & Townsend taking over management of the project.
On 30 June 2011, Edinburgh Council voted to continue with the project, though only between Edinburgh Airport and St Andrew Square. Costs rose to an estimated £770m, leaving the Council with a shortfall of more than £200m. The option of scrapping the project was considered, but rejected. On 25 August 2011, the Council voted to cut the line further to run only between the airport and Haymarket, reducing the expected cost to £715m. A week later, after the Scottish Government threatened to withhold £72 million of funding, they reversed this decision, restoring the terminus at St Andrew Square. On 29 November 2011 it was announced that the eastern terminus of the tram line would be at York Place instead of St Andrew Square; the intention had been to build the tracks to a reversing point at York Place (but without a stop for passengers). Extending passenger services from St Andrew Square to an additional stop at York Place would enable Broughton Street, Picardy Place and the surrounding area to be better served at comparatively little additional cost.
The first electric wires were energised in October 2011, above newly laid track within the depot at Gogar. Testing of trams began in December 2011 on the first part of the line to be completed (near the depot at Gogar, approximately 500 metres (550 yd) in length). On 15 December 2011, the depot was handed over from the contractors to the City of Edinburgh Council.
The first section of the line to be completed was between the depot and Edinburgh Airport, in late 2012. Using this section of line, on 19 December 2012 the first test operation of a tram at full speed was made.
Criticism of the works
Delays in the tram works were criticised by local businesses, who claimed that their income was damaged by long-term road closures in the centre of Edinburgh, and by also by some Edinburgh residents.
Cycling groups in the city voiced safety concerns after some cyclists suffered accidents when their bicycle wheels became caught in tracks. They also reported that the road surface around the tracks was crumbling, raising further safety problems. In response, TiE promised to carry out road repairs, and Edinburgh Trams agreed to fund special training for local cyclists. Further safety concerns were raised by residents along the tram routes about the suspension of overhead electric cables from residential buildings, with some property owners refusing to give permission for the cables to be attached.
To remedy the crumbling tarmac that had been found around the tracks on Princes Street, the road was closed again in September 2011. It remained closed for ten months. The closure of the road between Haymarket and Shandwick place in March 2012 led to further complaints from some local businesses and residents. This stretch of road remained closed until October 2013.
2013 to present
Work after late 2012 continued mostly on schedule, and there was talk of opening the tram system by late 2013, ahead of the 2014 deadline.
In May 2013, however, Edinburgh Council stated that more than 150 metres (160 yd) of concrete trackbed would have to be replaced between Shandwick Place and Haymarket, because the concrete was not laid to the correct specifications. Contractors later admitted their error with regard to the concrete, and remedial works began. This led to further disruption of Shandwick Place and Haymarket.
There was controversy over concessionary travel for the elderly and disabled. It was originally planned that concessionary travel, which allows those with a Scottish National Entitlement Card to travel on buses free of charge, was not going to be offered on the tram system. Following an Edinburgh Evening News campaign to ensure that concessionary travel would be offered on the new tram system, city transport convener Lesley Hinds stated "People in Edinburgh have paid through their council tax and their taxes for the trams to get up and running and it would be wrong for a large proportion of the population not to be allowed to use their concessionary bus pass".
The Scottish Government refused to pay for free travel on the trams for holders of concession cards, as it does for bus routes within Scotland. Talks between the Scottish Government and Edinburgh Council decided that cards should be valid for tram travel, but that they should be paid for by the council instead of the government. It was revealed in August 2013 that the cards would be valid, and that travel would be paid for by Edinburgh Council for people with cards issued in Edinburgh. This compromise upset some people in the Lothians, who often commute or travel into Edinburgh.
Testing of the trams between the depot and Edinburgh Park began on 8 October 2013. This was followed by the energising of tram wires from Bankhead tram stop to York Place on 19 November, marking the first time that the route was completely energised. Testing along the full length of the route began on 5 December 2013.
A £40 million contract to build twenty-seven trams, sufficient for both the phase 1a and (unbuilt) 1b lines, was awarded to CAF. As the line was cut back to York Place, only seventeen of the trams would be needed. An unsuccessful attempt was made in 2011 to lease the extra trams to Transport for London for use on Tramlink.
The trams are bi-directional, 42.8 metres (140 ft 5 in) long and built with low-floor access to meet UK Rail Vehicle Access Regulations for disabled people. Each trams has a capacity of 332, allowing for 80 seated and 252 standing passengers.
A full size mockup of the front of the proposed tram was constructed in 2009 and put on display on Princes Street for the public to view, later moving to Constitution Street at the foot of Leith Walk in April 2009.
In April 2010, the first tram was delivered and put on display at the Princes Street stop at the bottom of The Mound. It was later moved to open storage in Broxburn. The 27th tram was delivered in December 2012.
Trams are painted in a livery mandated by Transport for Edinburgh, which is shared with minor variation by Lothian Buses. It consists of white, with rose madder and platinum stripes. This livery was adopted after two previous liveries were discarded.
Operations, fares and ticketing
The 14-kilometre (8.7 mi) route begins running on-street at York Place, in the city centre. It then turns into North St Andrew Street, then crosses St Andrew Square. From the square, the line heads southeast into Princes Street, and then west along that street toward Haymarket, via Shandwick Place, Atholl Place, and West Maitland Street. At Haymarket, the route heads off-street onto a segregated track that runs parallel to the Glasgow to Edinburgh mainline. It follows the railway line west for about 6.8 kilometres (4.2 mi), until it reaches Edinburgh Park railway station. At that station, it leaves the railway line on a segregated track and heads north to Gogar Roundabout. From the roundabout, the route heads northwest via Ingliston Park and Ride to Edinburgh Airport, where it terminates.
Ticketing and fares will be fully integrated with Lothian Buses. The fare for a single journey on the tram network will be the same as on Lothian Buses, and day tickets and Ridacards will be valid on both the trams and buses. Journeys to Edinburgh Gateway, and beyond to Edinburgh Airport will require a supplement, the cost of which has not been determined.
At the request of Lothian Buses, installation of 30 ticket machines at key bus stops began in 2007. These allowed passengers to purchase tickets before boarding their bus, reducing dwell times and giving more time to select the right ticket for their journey. The ticket machines were to have been modified to issue tram tickets once the service began, but owing to unpopularity with users they were scrapped in 2011. Consideration was given to installing similar on-street ticket machines and new, more advanced machines (capable of reading smartcards and accepting credit/debit cards) were installed in early 2014 at each tram stop.
Fifty-two ticket inspectors have been hired to guard against fare dodging. This amounts to three inspectors per tram, as there are seventeen trams being prepared for service. Edinburgh Council has said that they are aiming for a three per cent fare evasion rate, lower than any other tramway in Britain. The level of staffing has been criticised by various bodies as being "excessive". Thirty-two drivers are being hired, after passing psychological tests designed to eliminate risk-takers.
Journey times and frequency
The tram is proposed to operate every seven-and-a-half minutes, with a journey time of approximately 33 minutes from the city centre to the airport. The service is expected to run from 06:00 until midnight on Monday through to Saturday. On Sunday, it is proposed that the service will run from 07:00 until midnight.
- "Edinburgh bus station to remain open during tram works". News centre. City of Edinburgh. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2013. "The tramline will have 16 tram stops along its 14 km route, 12 bridges, one underpass and a state-of-the-art depot and control room"
- "The tram service – About the service and the project". City of Edinburgh Council. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Tram adds York Place stop to lure extra passengers". The Scotsman. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "Edinburgh trams: Council backs St Andrew Square option". BBC News. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Transdev loses Edinburgh tram contract as council seeks to scale down scheme's costs". Transport Xtra. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- Marshall, Chris (25 February 2011). "Time's up: Today's the day the first tram should have been running in Edinburgh". The Scotsman. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "Tram project 'could be delayed'". BBC News. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- "Edinburgh tram firm 'at risk of lacking skills'". BBC News. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Marshall, Chris (13 May 2011). "Tram spend so far hits £440m". The Scotsman. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Council to borrow £231m for Edinburgh trams project". BBC News. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- "Edinburgh trams: Shandwick Place to reopen after works". BBC News. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Edinburgh trams: Services 'will be running by next May". BBC News. 17 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "History of Trams in Edinburgh". Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Mullay, Sandy (1996). The Edinburgh Encyclopedia. Mainstream Publishing. pp. 348–351. ISBN 1851587624.
- "Trams hit cost barrier". The Independent. 17 March 1996. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Capital on track to see return of the trams". The Herald. 4 June 1999. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Scottish Light Rail : is it a "U" Turn?". Light Rail Transit Association. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Tram Facts 8". City of Edinburgh Council. 2006. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Edinburgh trams Interim report". Auditor General for Scotland. February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "'French firm to be axed' in major Edinburgh tram savings drive". The Scotsman. 17 September 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006". legislation.gov.uk. 29 March 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006". legislation.gov.uk. 22 March 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Manifesto of the Scottish National Party" (PDF). Scottish National Party. p. 19. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "Scottish Parliament Wednesday 27 June 2007". The Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Climbdown after transport defeat". BBC News. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- Macdonell, Hamish (28 June 2007). "Trams given green light". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- Docherty, Iain; Shaw, Jon (2008). Traffic jam: ten years of 'sustainable' transport in the UK. The Policy Press. p. 111. ISBN 1-84742-072-9.
- "City leaders back the final case for trams". The Scotsman. 22 December 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "City chiefs give go-ahead to £498m tram line". The Scotsman. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Funding concerns for tram project". BBC News. 24 April 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Johnson, Simon (19 November 2008). "Edinburgh tram network falls victim to credit crunch". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Henderson, Damien. "After eight years of chaos, city's £700m trams project is stopped in its tracks". The Herald. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "£60m released for Edinburgh trams". BBC News. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Work begins on city tram project". BBC News. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Rowson, Jessica (16 May 2008). "Final contracts awarded for Edinburgh Tram". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Edinburgh Tramway Depot". Barr Construction. 2011. Archived from the original on 28 April 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Chapter Six - Land Use: Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Bill. Edinburgh: Scottish Parliament. 2004.
- "Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Bill Environmental Statement". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- "Prior Approval 12/00915/PA at York Place – Edinburgh". City of Edinburgh Council. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Tram wires on buildings keep the clutter down". The Scotsman. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Tram work to close Princes Street". BBC News. 24 April 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh Tram Info". Edinburgh Trams. Q4 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Henderson, Damien (12 December 2009). "Edinburgh trams saga is far from over". The Herald. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- Marshall, Chris (25 January 2010). "'Shambolic' tram project is up to two years behind". The Scotsman. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- "Companies House extract company no SC451434 Edinburgh Trams Limited". Companies House. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Cramb, Auslan (20 February 2009). "£512m Edinburgh tram project in disarray". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "Business dispute slams brakes on Edinburgh trams". STV News. 21 February 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Winifred Robinson (5 March 2009). "Tram scheme hits hard times". You and Yours. BBC. Radio 4. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/youandyours/ram/2009_09_thu_03.ram.
- McLaughlin, Mark (21 March 2009). "Princes Street works to start at last as deal ends tram row". The Scotsman. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- Gray, Sadie (14 August 2009). "Engineers face legal action over Edinburgh tram delay". The Times. Retrieved 13 January 2010.(subscription required)
- Wright, Robert (16 February 2010). "Extra cost of Edinburgh tram line fuels dispute". Financial Times. Retrieved 17 February 2010.(subscription required)
- Henderson, Damien (16 January 2010). "Council loses crucial trams dispute". The Herald. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "City's first tram stop unveiled.. in Croydon". The Scotsman. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Scottish trams diverted to Croydon". This is Local London. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- Edinburgh Trams being tested in Germany. YouTube. 2010.
- Marshall, Chris (4 March 2010). "Trams shocker: Residents face window washing ban over electrocution fears". The Scotsman. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Transport chiefs 'want Edinburgh tram network'". BBC News. 4 March 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Trams firm faces axe as it reveals Edinburgh work may take until 2014". STV News. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- Leask, David (19 June 2010). "Tram chiefs admit: we have no idea what final bill will be". The Herald. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Carrell, Severin (18 June 2010). "Edinburgh trams project in crisis as sacking of key contractor is considered". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Ferguson, Brian (19 June 2010). "Soaring costs may force Edinburgh tram line to be cut short". The Scotsman. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- "Edinburgh trams project to be managed by new firm". BBC News. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Turner & Townsend to manage Edinburgh Tram New Civil Engineer 22 August 2011
- "Exclusive: Trams set to stop at York Place". The Scotsman. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh trams: Councillors vote to continue project". BBC News. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Running trams to Princes Street £60m cheaper". The Herald. 27 August 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- "Ministers withhold Edinburgh trams funding". BBC News. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Additional stop planned". The Herald. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "First tram arrives at Gogar depot in Edinburgh". BBC News. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh trams on track for test trials at Gogar". BBC News. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "Depot handover marks major milestone for Edinburgh Trams". City of Edinburgh Council. 15 December 2011. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Full speed tram tests mark the end of successful 2012". City of Edinburgh Council. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Traders create tram action group". BBC News. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "Traders unhappy as Shandwick Place to close for 18 months". The Scotsman. 22 December 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Edinburgh tram lines throw cyclists off track". BBC News. 7 December 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "Tram repair crews out to fix 'botched' roadworks – News". The Scotsman. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- "Edinburgh tram line repair works get under way". BBC News. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Latest tram works due to start as Mound reopens". City of Edinburgh Council. 1 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Shandwick Place to reopen next month". The Scotsman. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Line may be open for Christmas". The Scotsman. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Section of track to be ripped up". The Scotsman. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Contractors admit concrete blunder". The Scotsman. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Call to give elderly free travel on city trams". The Scotsman. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Free tram travel for the elderly". The Scotsman. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Passengers to use one ticket for both Edinburgh trams and buses". STV News. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Anger at Edinburgh trams ticket plans". The Scotsman. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Tram wires power up". City of Edinburgh Council. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Miller, Dale (9 October 2013). "Slow tram test flanked by 21 contractors". Edinburgh Evening News. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Edinburgh trams on Princes Street by Christmas". Edinburgh Evening News. 17 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Ross, Shân (5 December 2013). "Edinburgh tram back on Princes St after 57 years". The Scotsman. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "Surplus Edinburgh trams set to run in London instead". Railnews. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Henderson, Damien (26 March 2011). "Edinburgh's trams are on track for ... Croydon". The Herald. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Tram Facts". Edinburgh Trams. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- "Edinburgh trams: The story so far". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "Streetcars and light subway trains: Edinburgh Tram – performance". CAF. Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "Mock tram gets visitors on board". BBC News. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "City's replica tram sets off for a stint on Constitution Street". The Scotsman. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "All aboard for a look at Edinburgh's first tram". The Scotsman. 28 April 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Marshall, Chris (24 November 2010). "Tram is carted off to Broxburn because Gogar depot not ready". The Scotsman. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Prior, Gareth (5 January 2013). "Final tram arrives in Edinburgh". British Trams Online News. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Edinburgh trams: Uniform and branding for transport system unveiled". STV News. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- "Edinburgh Trams". Only in Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh Trams Map". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Transport chief prices single tram ticket at £1.25". The Scotsman. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Fares and tickets". Lothian Buses. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "On-street bus ticket machine plan". BBC News. 9 October 2006.
- Marshall, Chris (5 April 2011). "Lost track? Ticket machines for trams to be reinstalled". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Ticket inspectors 'excessive'". The Scotsman. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh Tram inspectors to police bad behaviour". The Scotsman. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Edinburgh tram drivers to take personality tests – The Scotsman". The Scotsman. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- "Infrequent timetable fears". The Scotsman. 25 May 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edinburgh Trams.|
- Official website
- Video footage of Edinburgh Trams undergoing tests in Germany (BBC News Reporting Scotland, 4 March 2010)
- Auditor Generals Report on Tram Scheme June 2007
- Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Bill Committee
- Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Bill Committee
- Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006
- Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006