The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was a railway built to link Glasgow and Edinburgh. The Act of Parliament for building the railway received its Royal Assent in 1838 which was open on 28 July 1863. Services started between Glasgow Queen Street and Haymarket on 21 February 1842. There was a rope hauled incline on the section of the railway from the entrance to the tunnel outside the Glasgow terminus, to Cowlairs station (where the main railway Works were located), this being a distance of 1.5 miles with an average gradient of 1 in 44. The endless rope for the incline was driven by two beam engines at Cowlairs, of the high pressure type, made by Messrs Neilson & Mitchell of Glasgow. They had 28 inch cylinders, and 6 foot stroke. They were supplied with steam at 50psi by 8 boilers, each 30 foot long and 5 foot diameter.
The line was extended to Edinburgh General in 1846.John Miller surveyed the route. In 1848 the hemp rope on the incline was replaced by steel cable, and it was to continue in operation until 31 January 1908, when banking engines took over.
Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN1-8526-0508-1. OCLC60251199.