Edinburgh derby

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The Meadows, where the first Edinburgh derby was played.

The Edinburgh derby is an informal title given to any football match played between Scottish clubs Heart of Midlothian (Hearts) and Hibernian (Hibs), the two professional clubs based in Edinburgh, Scotland. The two clubs have a fierce rivalry that dates back to the clubs being founded in the mid-1870s, which makes it one of the longest running rivalries in world football. The first match between the clubs was played on the Meadows on Christmas Day 1875.

The matches are normally played at either Easter Road or Tynecastle. It has been regularly played in the top level of the Scottish football league system, although both clubs were relegated to the second tier in 2014. The teams sometimes also play against one another in cup tournaments, such as the Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup. The clubs have met twice in Scottish Cup Finals, in 1896 and 2012, both of which were won by Hearts.

History[edit]

Paul Hartley prepares to take a free kick in an SPL derby match played on Boxing Day 2006
Rob Jones scores the only goal of the game in the 2006–07 Scottish League Cup quarter-final

Hearts and Hibs were both formed during the mid-1870s. The first ever match between the clubs was played at East Meadows on 25 December 1875, with Hearts winning 1–0.[1] Hibs won the first Scottish Cup tie between the clubs, in 1877–78.[2] The matches that established the two clubs as the principal sides in Edinburgh was the five game sturggle for the EFA Cup later that season, which Hearts won 3–2 after four previous attempts ended in draws.[3] Hibs beat Hearts on the way to their first national trophy, the 1886–87 Scottish Cup.[4] Hibs also had wins of 3–0, 5–2 and 7–1 against Hearts in other competitions.

Hibs had major financial problems and briefly ceased playing during the early 1890s. In the meantime, Hearts had become founder members of the Scottish Football League in 1890–91. Hibs soon resumed operations and Hearts won 10–2 in a friendly match at Easter Road which marked their return.[5] Hibs joined the Scottish Football League in 1893–94 and were promoted to the First Division in 1895. The first league derby was played on 28 September 1895, Hearts winning 4–3 at Tynecastle.[6]

The clubs contested the 1896 Scottish Cup Final, which Hearts won 3–1 at Logie Green in Edinburgh.[7] It is the only time a Scottish Cup Final has been played outside Glasgow.[7] The derby was played regularly in the league until 1930–31, when Hibs were relegated from Division One, although matches in other competitions continued. Hibs regained top division status in 1933–34, but all league football was suspended from 1939–40 to 1945–46 due to the Second World War.

The record crowd for an Edinburgh derby was 65,860 on 2 January 1950 when Hearts won 2–1 at Easter Road.[8] This was also the biggest crowd for any Scottish game played outside Glasgow.[8] The post-war period was a golden age for football in Edinburgh, as Hibs won three league championships with their Famous Five forward line, while Hearts won several major trophies in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Hibs enjoyed a sustained period of success in the fixture in the late 1960s and most of the 1970s. Their record victory against Hearts, 7–0 at Tynecastle on 1 January 1973, was achieved during this period. Hibs then had their longest unbeaten streak in the fixture, 12 games from 1974 to 1978. Scottish league football was restructured from the 1975–76 season to create smaller divisions, resulting in the teams playing each other four times a season in the league, but it also increased the risk of the clubs being relegated. Hearts were a yo-yo club in the late 1970s and early 1980s, while Hibs were also relegated in 1979–80. This meant that there were few derbies until Hearts returned to the Premier Division in 1983–84.

Hearts then took the upper hand in the derby, setting the record for consecutive derbies without a loss, a 22-game streak straddling the 1980s and 1990s. During this period, Hearts owner Wallace Mercer attempted to force through a merger of the two clubs by acquiring a majority shareholding in Hibs.[9] This effort failed after protest groups set up by Hibs fans persuaded some shareholders not to sell to Mercer and new investment in Hibs was provided by Tom Farmer.[9][10]

The clubs met in a 2005–06 Scottish Cup semi-final, in the knowledge that victory would lead to a final against Gretna, who were a Scottish Second Division club. Hearts won the semi-final against Hibs by 4–0 and went on to win the competition on a penalty shootout in the final. Hibs gained some revenge by winning a 2006–07 Scottish League Cup quarter-final against Hearts 1–0, and went on to win the competition with wins against St. Johnstone and Kilmarnock.

The two clubs met in the 2012 Scottish Cup Final.[11] The match was played at Hampden Park in Glasgow, despite some fans proposing that it should be moved to Murrayfield Stadium, the largest venue in Edinburgh.[12] Hearts won a one-sided final by 5–1, having also won all three league derbies in the 2011–12 Scottish Premier League. Hibs gained some revenge for this defeat six months later by knocking Hearts out of the 2012-13 Scottish Cup, winning 1–0 in a fourth round tie at Easter Road.[13] It also ended a run of 12 games without a win for Hibs in the derby.[13]

Both clubs were relegated to the second tier after finishing in the bottom two positions of the 2013–14 Scottish Premiership. This meant that the city of Edinburgh was left without representation in the top tier of the Scottish league system for the first time in its history.[14]

Local competitions and other Edinburgh clubs[edit]

Hibs are presented with the East of Scotland Shield after winning the one-off match on 7 May 2008

In the late 19th and early 20th century, the clubs often met each other 10 times in a single season due to the plethora of local competitions, such as the East of Scotland Shield, Rosebery Charity Cup, Wilson Cup, and the Dunedin Cup. These competitions also involved the other clubs in Edinburgh and the surrounding area. Hearts and Hibs were the most frequent winners of these competitions. The East of Scotland Shield is the only one of the local competitions that is contested by Hearts and Hibs today, albeit by young reserve teams. The Shield is contested by a one-off match and gate takings are given to the Edinburgh Football Association.

St Bernard's, Leith Athletic, Edinburgh City and Meadowbank Thistle have all represented the city of Edinburgh in the Scottish Football League. The first league derby was played between Hearts and Leith Athletic on 24 October 1891, Hearts winning 3–1.[15] This was because Hibs did not enter the league until the 1893–94 season. The first league derby between Hearts and Hibs was played at Tynecastle on 28 September 1895, Hearts winning 4–3.[6]

The term is also used for matches in women's football, particularly games between Hibernian and Spartans.[16]

Edinburgh City and Spartans will also take on each other in the Lowland Football League from season 2013-14 onwards.

Festival Cup[edit]

Main article: Festival Cup

In 1985, an Edinburgh select team composing of players from Hearts, Hibs and Meadowbank Thistle played Bayern Munich in a "Festival Cup" challenge match at Tynecastle.[17] The Festival Cup was reintroduced in 2003, to tie in with the annual Edinburgh Festival.[18] The local media speculated that clubs from cities twinned with Edinburgh, including Bayern Munich and Dynamo Kiev, would be invited to participate in an annual Edinburgh tournament.[18][19] Eventually, the clubs settled for playing a single derby match on the last Saturday before the start of the 2003–04 Scottish Premier League season.[20] The SPL did not help the launch of the Festival Cup by scheduling a league derby match two weeks after the Festival Cup match, also at Easter Road.[20][21] Hearts won the first Festival Cup match 1–0 with a goal by Andy Webster.[20]

The clubs then had difficulty scheduling the 2004–05 match, partly due to the clubs arranging other friendly matches.[18] The Festival Cup match was eventually played at Tynecastle on 4 September 2004. Both teams were well below full strength because several players were training with their national teams.[18] Playing the game in September also meant that the game was played after the start of the 2004–05 Scottish Premier League season and after the end of the Festival. Hearts won the second and to date last Festival Cup match 3–1.[22] The Hearts goals were scored by Craig Sives, Mark de Vries and Dennis Wyness, while Stephen Dobbie scored a penalty kick for Hibs.[22] The match was not in played in 2005 as Hearts had a protracted search for a new head coach.[23] It was not resurrected in 2006 and has not been contested since.[23]

New Year derby[edit]

An Edinburgh derby match has traditionally been played at New Year, as both 1 January and 2 January, are bank holidays in Scotland. The New Year derby match has sometimes not taken place in recent years, due to scheduling policy.[24] Of the 93 Edinburgh derbies played at New Year, Hibs hold a slight lead of 32 wins to 30 wins by Hearts.[25]

Results and records[edit]

Hearts have the better record in derbies, with 139 wins to 87 wins by Hibs in 317 competitive matches.[26] There have been approximately 600 Edinburgh derbies to date, meaning that almost half of all derbies have been played in local competitions and friendlies. Hearts hold a lead of 140 wins to 113 wins by Hibs in these other games.

Since the creation of the Scottish Premier Division in 1975 and the introduction of four league games between clubs in a season, neither club has managed to win all four league derbies in a season. Hearts have achieved 3 wins and a draw five times, in 1985–86, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1996–97 and 2006–07. Hibs' best record in a league season is also 3 wins and a draw, in 1975–76. Hearts won all three derbies in the 2011–12 Scottish Premier League,[27] but a fourth league fixture was not possible as the clubs were not in the same section of the league after the split.

League results[edit]

Scottish Cup results[edit]

League Cup results[edit]

Single game records[edit]

Hibs recorded the biggest margin of victory in a competitive match with a 7–0 victory at Tynecastle on 1 January 1973. The biggest win in other matches was a 10–2 Hearts victory in a friendly match on 12 August 1893. The largest number of goals scored in a competitive match was when Hearts won 8–3 in a league match on 21 September 1935. Hearts hold the record margin in the Scottish Cup with a 5–0 victory on 1 February 1955, and the record margin in the Scottish League Cup with a 6–1 victory on 11 August 1956.

Prolific goalscorers[edit]

John Robertson scored 27 goals against Hibs in competitive games. Robertson was nicknamed "The Hammer of Hibs" due to his prolific goal record in derbies. Both Bobby Walker (31) and Tommy Walker (29) scored more goals in derbies than Robertson taking account of 'local' cup and league games.

Gordon Smith is the top goalscorer in Edinburgh derbies for Hibs, with 15 goals. Smith played for Hearts and Dundee later in his career and became the only player to have won the Scottish league championship with three different clubs. James McGhee scored at least 24 goals for Hibs in the early years of the fixture. The real figure is probably higher as he played in a lot of games where only the result is known and not all the scorers were recorded.[28]

Barney Battles, Jr. scored 11 goals in less than a month versus Hibs in 1929; five in the 8–2 Dunedin Cup final victory on 17 April 1929,[29] two in the 5–1 Wilson Cup Final victory on 30 April 1929[30] and four in the 5–1 Rosebery Charity Cup Final victory on 11 May 1929.[31]

Players with both clubs[edit]

This is a list of players who played at least one competitive first team fixture for both clubs. Only four players have scored for both Hearts and Hibs in Edinburgh derbies - Ralph Callachan, Alan Gordon, Darren Jackson and Gordon Smith.

Name Period at Hibs Period at Hearts Notes
Thomson Allan[32] 1963–1971 1979–1980 Allan was selected by Scotland for the 1974 FIFA World Cup while he was with Dundee.
Bobby Atherton 1897–1903 1897 Atherton captained Hibs when they won the 1901–02 Scottish Cup.
Eamonn Bannon[33] 1993–1994 1976–1979
1988–1993
Bannon was selected by Scotland for the 1986 FIFA World Cup while he was with Dundee United.
Roy Barry[34] 1975–1976 1961–1966
Ian Black[35] 1980 1977–1980
Jim Brown[36] 1979–1981 1967–1979
Ralph Callachan[37] 1978–1986 1971–1977 Callachan represented both Hearts and Hibs in Scottish Cup Finals, 1976 with Hearts and 1979 with Hibs. Both finals were lost by the Edinburgh club.
Ian Crawford[38] 1951–1953 1954–1961
Gordon Durie[39] 1984–1986 2000–2001 Durie was selected by Scotland for the 1990 FIFA World Cup while he was with Chelsea and the 1998 FIFA World Cup while he was with Rangers.
Peter Flucker[40] 1932–1934 1929–1932
Alan Gordon[41] 1972–1974 1961–1967
1968–1969
Gordon, who scored twice in Hibs' 7–0 win at Tynecastle against Hearts, also played for both sides in the Dundee derby.
Brian Hamilton[42] 1989–1995 1995–1996
Willie Hamilton[43] 1963–1965 1962–1963
1967–1969
Paul Hartley[44] 1998–2000 2003–2007 Hartley scored a hat-trick for Hearts against Hibs in the 2005–06 Scottish Cup semi-final.
Darren Jackson[45] 1992–1997 1999–2001 Jackson was selected by Scotland for the 1998 FIFA World Cup while he was with Celtic.
Willie Jamieson[46] 1979–1985 1994–1995
Peter Kerr[47] 1910–1926 1926–1931
Davie Laing[48] 1956–1957 1942–1954
Peter Marinello[49] 1966–1970 1981–1983
Brian Marjoribanks[50] 1961–1962 1962
Gordon Marshall[51] 1969–1971 1956–1963
Alan Maybury[52] 2012–2014 2001–2005
George McWattie 1898–1900
Fraser Mullen[53] 2013–2014 2012–2013
Willie Reid[54] 1937–1938 1930–1937
Harry Rennie[55] 1902–1908 1898–1902
Malcolm Robertson[56] 1982–1983 1977–1981
Chris Shevlane[57] 1968–1971 1960–1967
Gordon Smith[58] 1941–1959 1959–1961 One of Hibs' Famous Five, Smith won the Scottish League with three different clubs, none of which were either half of the Old Firm.
Jim Souness[59] 1947–1953 1953–1956
Michael Stewart[60] 2005–2007 2004–2005
2007–2010
Lawrie Tierney[61] 1980 1976–1980
Robert Walls[62] early 1930s late 1920s
Andy Watson[63] 1987–1989 1983–1987 Watson later became assistant manager of Hibs while Alex McLeish was manager.
Willie Waugh[64] 1936 1928–1939 Waugh was loaned to Hibs by Hearts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18751225.html
  2. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18771006.html
  3. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18780420.html
  4. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18861023.html
  5. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18930812.html
  6. ^ a b "Sat 28 Sep 1895 Division 1 Hearts 4 Hibernian 3". www.londonhearts.com. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Halliday, Stephen (31 March 2006). "Logie Green: the final Edinburgh didn't want". The Scotsman (Johnston Press). Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Hearts heading for a home record". BBC Sport (BBC). 27 July 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Murray, Scott (3 May 2001). "Merger memories". guardian.co.uk (Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Farmer content with Hibs backseat". BBC Sport (BBC). 26 October 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Capital stars relish prospect of Scottish Cup final". BBC Sport (BBC). 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Fans at fever pitch for cup showdown". The Scotsman (Johnston Publishing). Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Moffat, Colin (2 December 2012). "Hibernian 1–0 Hearts". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  14. ^ Magowan, Alistair (26 May 2014). "Scottish Championship 'will be more exciting than Premiership'". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/18911024.html
  16. ^ "Celtic beat Forfar to maintain pressure on Glasgow City". BBC Sport (BBC). 2 September 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012. "Hibs stay in third on goal difference after their 4-0 defeat of Spartans in the Edinburgh derby." 
  17. ^ "Smith penalty save keeps the Festival Cup in Edinburgh". The Herald (Herald & Times Group). 14 August 1985. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Cup dream has sadly runneth dry". sport.scotsman.com. Johnston Publishing. 2 September 2004. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "Festival cup for capital". sport.scotsman.com. Johnston Publishing. 27 March 2003. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c "Hearts' festival party". sport.scotsman.com. Johnston Publishing. 3 August 2003. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  21. ^ "Festival Cup set to flop". BBC Sport. BBC. 28 July 2003. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Hearts win Festival Cup". BBC Sport. BBC. 4 September 2004. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Festival Cup doomed by pre-season squeeze". sport.scotsman.com. Johnston Publishing. 3 August 7 June 2006. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  24. ^ McInnes, Andy (15 June 2007). "HEARTS AND HIBS FANS ANGRY OVER NE'ERDAY DERBY". Scottish Daily Express (Northern and Shell Media Publications). Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
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  29. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/19290417.html
  30. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/19290430.html
  31. ^ http://www.londonhearts.com/scores/games/19290511.html
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  33. ^ "Eamonn Bannon - Hearts Career - from 09 Oct 1976 to 14 Dec 1994". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  34. ^ "Roy Barry - Hearts Career - from 12 Aug 1961 to 26 Sep 1966". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  35. ^ "Ian Black - Hearts Career - from 07 Jul 2009 to 13 Nov 2010". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  36. ^ "Jim Brown - Hearts Career - from 04 Jan 1969 to 14 May 1979". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  37. ^ "Ralph Callachan - Hearts Career - from 13 Apr 1974 to 05 Feb 1977". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  38. ^ "Ian Crawford - Hearts Career - from 15 Sep 1954 to 29 Mar 1961". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  39. ^ "Gordon Durie - Hearts Career - from 01 Oct 2000 to 22 Apr 2001". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  40. ^ "Peter Flucker - Hearts Career - from 02 Nov 1929 to 12 Apr 1930". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
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  42. ^ "Brian Hamilton - Hearts Career - from 08 Jan 1995 to 16 Dec 1995". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  43. ^ "Willie Hamilton - Hearts Career - from 01 Sep 1962 to 22 Feb 1969". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
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  47. ^ "Peter Kerr - Hearts Career - from 07 May 1924 to 12 Oct 1929". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  48. ^ "Davie Laing - Hearts Career - from 16 Nov 1946 to 04 Sep 1954". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  49. ^ "Peter Marinello - Hearts Career - from 31 Oct 1981 to 19 Mar 1983". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  50. ^ "HIBERNIAN : 1946/47 - 2011/12". www.neilbrown.newcastlefans.com. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  51. ^ "Gordon Marshall - Hearts Career - from 19 Sep 1956 to 11 May 1963". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  52. ^ "Maybury Joins Hibernian". www.hibernianfc.co.uk (Hibernian FC). 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  53. ^ Parks, Gordon (30 June 2013). "New Hibs signing Fraser Mullen has no problem pulling on a green and white shirt despite breaking his ankle at Easter Road". Sunday Mail (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  54. ^ Willie Reid at National-Football-Teams.com
  55. ^ "Harry Rennie - Hearts Career - from 15 Aug 1898 to 07 May 1900". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  56. ^ "Malcolm Robertson - Hearts Career - from 19 Mar 1977 to 25 Oct 1980". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  57. ^ "Chris Shevlane - Hearts Career - from 27 Apr 1962 to 08 Apr 1967". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  58. ^ "Gordon Smith (1) - Hearts Career - from 22 Aug 1959 to 08 Apr 1961". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  59. ^ "Jim Souness - Hearts Career - from 17 Jan 1953 to 24 Sep 1955". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  60. ^ "Michael Stewart - Hearts Career - from 31 Jul 2004 to 24 Apr 2010". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  61. ^ "Lawrie Tierney - Hearts Career - from 03 Aug 1977 to 13 Oct 1979". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  62. ^ "Robert Walls - Hearts Career - from 01 Dec 1928 to 29 Dec 1928". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  63. ^ "Andy Watson - Hearts Career - from 29 Dec 1984 to 03 Aug 1987". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  64. ^ "Willie Waugh - Hearts Career - from 07 Nov 1936 to 02 Aug 1941". Londonhearts.com. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 

External links[edit]