|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|• Raion President||Oleg Scutaru (PCRM), since 2011|
|• Total||933 km2 (360 sq mi)|
|• Water||27.3 km2 (10.5 sq mi) 2.93%|
|Elevation||275 m (902 ft)|
|• Density||88.4/km2 (229/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 46|
Edineț is a district (Romanian: raion) in the north-west of Moldova, with the administrative center at Edineț. The other major city is Cupcini. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 82,900.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administrative subdivisions
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Politics
- 8 Educations
- 9 Culture
- 10 Health
- 11 Personalities
- 12 See also
- 13 References
The first news about the settlements of the district down to 15 July 1431 of the reign Alexander the Good, who gives his magistrate Ivan Cupcea three kids for the establishment of new villages. In 1439, the cornerstone was laid 15 July Veadineț settlement. 18 August 1690, the time of Constantin Movilă gramota Cozma's Poplar therefore toponymical transformation that takes place from Iadineți in Viadineți. Edineţ name is documented in 1663, remaining stable until now. According to the census years 1772 to 1774, there were only 15 households in Edineț large farmers. In 1793 the first church is confirmed. In 1812 after the Treaty of Bucharest, Moldova is occupied by Russian Empire in the period 1812–1918 as the district is under Russian administration. In 1866 the district is facing a major epidemic of plague. In 1918 with the Union of Bessarabia with Romania entering the land Hotin district region. In 1940 the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Bessarabia and Edineț is occupied by the USSR. In 2004 the population was 86.100 inhabitants of the district.
The district is bordered by Briceni District to the north, Ocniţa District to the northeast, Donduşeni District to the east, Rîşcani District to the south, and Romania to the west across the Prut river. Most important rivers crossing the district are: Ciuhur (90 km), Racovăţ (68 km) and Draghiste (67 km) the latter being the basic Racovăț's tributary. All rivers of district flowing into the Prut. The Moldavian Plateau occupies the majority district territory. It has a flat relief and less fragmented. Highest point of Edineţ District is located near the village Clișcăuți in northeast of district, reaching 275 meters.
In the central western part of district covers a strip of coral, which called toltre. They are composed of limestone organogenous formed on the bottom of former Sarmatian sea having an age of 15–20 million years.In now coming to the surface like massive reefs with maximum height of 80–100 meters.In these rocks are many caves that served as shelter for Stone Age man.
The fauna is characteristic of both Eastern Europe and the central ones is represented by: fox, deer, boar, raccoon dog, ferret, rabbit. Rarely marten, wolf, wild cat. Of birds: woodpecker, tit, cuckoo, starling, sparrow. Rarely quail, partridges and marsh hawk.
District has no natural resources except against Internet national silurene shale and sandstone complex disaggregated. Here is a compact shale industry amber. Also here are represented by limestone silica.
District as northern Moldova has a temperate continental climate with an annual temperature of 8–9 C, the average temperature in July is 20.5 C and −5 C in average annual wind January. In some years rainfall reached 850 mm majure cause damage, while in other years rainfall 300 mm fail causing droughts. Yearly precipitation is 550–750 mm. Average wind speed of the district is 3–5 m\s.
- Brînzeni Reefs and Caves
- Buzdugeni Gorge
- Burlăneşti Gorge
- Fetești Landscape Reserve
- La Castel Landscape Reserve
- Trinca Gorge
- Zabriceni reserve
1 January 2012 the district population was 82,500 of which 31.5% urban and 68.5% rural population.
- Births (2010): 888 (10.7 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 1345 (16.2 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): -457 (−5.5 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||Population||% of total*|
- Christians 91.0%
- Other – 7.3%
- No Religion – 1.5%
- Atheists – 0.2%
Edineţ district in Moldova's National Development Complex, is presented as an agrarian-industrial district. Agricultural area is 74 556 ha of the district. Economy, agriculture, industry on the district (as at 01/10/06) 20,946 active traders (in the same period of 2005–2012). Industrial output in the previous year's average prices, manufactured by enterprises of all types of property in the territory in 2005, was 377,41 mill. lei or 135 percent from 2004. The volume index of industrial production in current prices compared with the previous year, accounted for 131.1%. If in 2004 there was industrial production value of 236,89 mill. lei in 2005 production volume reached EUR 310,623 mill. lei, or 73 million lei more than 734,000. The total volume of industrial production, manufacturing and return them 99%. Main enterprises are Cupcini-Cristal, InLac, Tipografia, Natur-Bravo, Astra, Apromaş and others.
Agriculture is the main branch in the district economy. In 2005 the overall volume of agricultural production in all categories of households in comparable prices, was 378.3 mill. lei, exceeding the previous year by 28.3 million or 8%, and compared to 2000 production agriculture increased by 18.5%. In 2005 agricultural production (current prices) amounted to 415.1 mill. lei, which showed an increase of 8.6% over the previous year and compared to 2000 – by 24.5%. The agricultural production structure has the dominant position in crop production – 75.1% (which is more by 14% as in 2000), in 2005 obtained a harvest of cereals and legumes with a quantity of 108235 tons, achieving a yoy increase of 18.4 thousand tons, or 20.4% more. Average yield per hectare was winter wheat – 35 quintals, barley – 31 quintals, peas – 22 quintals, corn – 30 quintals. A significant revival soii attesting to increase the volume of production which increased compared to previous year 5850 tons or more, and average productivity per hectare was 19 quintals to 15 quintals in 2004. Similarly, increased by 8.7% potato and vegetables by 11.3%.
In district are open 53 regular passenger routes, of which 9 – Chişinău, 15 – interdistrict, 3 – International (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Botoşani), 26 – rural (includes all localities in the district). Maintenance have been met roads the local district funded. Of the total planned maintenance and repair of 493,3 thousands lei roads this chapter have been assessed 493,3 thousands, of which 160,7 thousands lei were used to maintain winter 2005.
|2010||41.87% 16,391||52.52% 20,561|
|July 2009||38.29% 14,526||57.29% 21,734|
|April 2009||27.66% 10,523||58.20% 21,583|
As in other districts of "North Red" Communist Party dominates politics in 2001 when the Communists gather over 50%. But in the last two years the Communists are in a continuous decrease in the 2010 adding together 52.52% of votes.
While the AEI during the last three elections has increased the result by 55.7%.
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||20,561||52.52||−4.77|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||8,459||21,61||+3.27|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||5,017||12.81||+4.66|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||1,459||3.73||−3.25|
|European Action Movement||618||1.58||+1.58|
|Total (turnout 61.04%)||39,529||100.00||
The district operates 38 kindergartens and 44 undergraduate institutions, of which 8 schools, 8 middle schools, 28 secondary schools. In pre-school children to educate 3008, which is 61.2%, in 4815 the number of preschool children in the district. Also, preparatory working group 38 with a contingent of 835 children. In schools in the district are studying 10,777 students are all enrolled. The system of secondary education teachers working in 1040, including 119 retirees, young professionals were hired in July. Young professionals have benefited from facilities provided by law. Teaching is provided to cover all disciplines of education in the Plan of Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. Continue implementation of the presidential program "SALT".
The successes enjoyed by district librarians, organizing poetry recitals, discussions of books, contests. Each library is organized book exhibitions. Annual district participate in the Republican "the sources of wisdom." In the three schools of arts education teaches children and 342 teachers are employed 37. Many graduates continue their studies at colleges and degree in music. Some students from the School of Fine Arts in Edineţ, participating in international exhibitions with medals and awards are relaxed. Conditions are satisfactory school activity. The museum enjoys great popularity in his native land with sections Edineţ history, folk art, nature. Currently the museum has 24,500 artifacts. Regular visitors are children in kindergartens, schools district students and even visitors from the republic and other countries.
The district operates 14 health center, 21 offices of family doctors, 8 medical centers, a hospital district. During 2005, 10,976 people received treatment, including 10 209 patients were hospitalized. Drugs were issued in the amount of 1,923,500 lei. Number of visits by patients to family doctors centers is 253,662, of which – 227,994 visits to district clinic. Of the total population of 84,720 people have insurance policies 59,456 people required medical assistance. Improving socio-economic situation in recent years has had a positive influence on health status and medical basic demographic indicators. Thus, in 2010 888 children were born. But unfortunately the negative natural increase: births is 10.7% (1,000 people) and 16.2% mortality.
- Anatoliy Kinakh – Politician, Prime minister of Ukraine in 2001–2002
- Ghenadie Ciobanu – Politician (PLDM), Member of the Parliament of Moldova since 2010
- Ion Morei – Minister of Justice of the Republic of Moldova in 2001–2003
- Samuel Wainer – Brazilian journalist and author
- Serafim Saca – Writer
- Vasile Stroescu – Politician, Philanthropist and honorary member of the Romanian Academy
- Victor Teleuca – Poet, essayist, translator and publicist
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|