Priory church (St Mary, St Katherine and All Saints)
Edington shown within Wiltshire
|Population||769 (as of 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish includes two principal settlements, Edington village and Tinhead, which lies between the main village and Coulston and contains the parish's only surviving public house, The Lamb. However, many recent residents no longer make a distinction between the two settlements, calling both ‘Edington’.
The parish was part of the hundred of Whorwellsdown, and is believed to hold a place in English history, for it was probably here that King Alfred the Great won a decisive battle against the Danes at the Battle of Ethandun, thus saving the foundations of England.
The origin of the parish church, Edington Priory, is that it formed part of a monastery of the Brothers of Penitence, or Bonshommes. Until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, much of Edington was the manor of ‘Edington Romsey’, a property of Romsey Abbey.
Two miles away is the Westbury White Horse, a famous chalk figure on the side of Westbury Hill first recorded in the 18th century, which is visible from Westbury and much of western Wiltshire, although not from Edington.
The population of the parish of Edington was 834 at the census of 1801 and 1,136 in 1841. It had fallen back to 714 in 1931. In 1951 it was down to 579, partly due to the civil parish having been reduced in area in 1934, with the hamlet of West Coulston being united with East Coulston.
- The Edington cartulary, ed. Janet H. Stevenson (Wiltshire Record Society, Vol. 42, 1987)