|Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire|
|Today part of|| Turkey
This vilayet encompassed territories in present-day European Turkey, eastern part of Northern Greece and the southern fringes of Southeastern Bulgaria. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 26,160 square miles (67,800 km2). In the east it bordered with the Istanbul Vilayet, the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, in the west with the Salonica Vilayet, in the north with Eastern Rumelia, (Bulgaria) and in the south with the Aegean Sea. Sometimes the area is described also as Southern Thrace, or Adrianopolitan Thrace.
After the city of Adrianople (pop. in 1905 about 80,000), the principal towns ware Rodosto (35,000), Gallipoli (25,000), Kirk-Kilisseh (16,000), İskeçe (14,000), Chorlu (11,500), Dimotika (10,000), Enos (8000), Gyumyurdzhina (Bulgarian name of Gümülcine) (8000) and Dedeagatch (3000).
Sanjaks of the Vilayet:
- Sanjak of Edirne (Edirne, Svilengrad, Kardzhali)
- Sanjak of Kirklareli (Kirkkilise)
- Sanjak of Tekirdag (Tekfurdagi)
- Sanjak of Gelibolu (Gelibolu, Şarköy, Enez, Mürefte, Feres)
- Sanjak of Dedeağaç (1878-1912)
- Sanjak of Gümülcine (1878-1912) (Komotini, Xanthi, Krumovgrad, Smolyan, Ardino, Zlatograd)
- Sanjak of Filibe (until 1878, then it became part of Eastern Rumelia)
- Sanjak of Slimia (until 1878, then became part of Eastern Rumelia)
Population of the groups of the Vilayet and Sanjaks according to the Ottoman census in 1906/7, in thousands, adjusted to round numbers. The groups are counted according to the Millet System of the Ottoman Empire not according to the mother tongue, some Bulgarian-speakers were part of the Greek Rum millet and counted as Greeks, while the Muslim millet included Turks and Pomaks (Bulgarian speaking Muslims).
A publication from December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) estimated 1,006,500 inhabitants:
- Muslim Turks - 250,000
- Muslim Bulgarians - 115,000
- Muslim Roma people - 15,000
- Orthodox Armenians - 30,000
- Orthodox Greeks - 220,000
- Orthodox Bulgarians - 370,000
- Orthodox Albanians - 3,500
- Orthodox Turks - 3,000
- Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 Edition, Adrianople.
- "1914 Census Statistics". Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Edirne ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Edirne"), Edirne vilâyet matbaası, Edirne, 1300 ; on the website of Hathi Trust Digital Libray.
- Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
- Migration, Memory, Heritage: Socio-cultural Approaches to the Bulgarian-turkish Border, Magdalena Elchinova, Valentina Ganeva-Raycheva, Lina Gergova, Stoyka Penkova, Natalia Rashkova, Nikolai Vukov, Meglena Zlatkova, Lina Gergova, ISBN 954845842X, p. 30.
- Europe and the Historical Legacies in the Balkans, Raymond Detrez, Barbara Segaert, Peter Lang, 2008, ISBN 9052013748, p. 58.
- Wikisource - 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica - Adrianople (vilayet)
- Edirne Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
- Ottoman Population, 1830-1914: Demographic and Social Characteristics, Kemal H. Karpat, page 91, 1985
- Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Manastir: Skynet GodsdBalkan
- Media related to Vilayet of Adrianople at Wikimedia Commons