Edisto Beach, South Carolina

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Edisto Beach, South Carolina
Town
Nickname(s): The Greatest Beach on the Planet
Location of Edisto Beach, South Carolina
Location of Edisto Beach, South Carolina
Coordinates: 32°29′15″N 80°19′28″W / 32.48750°N 80.32444°W / 32.48750; -80.32444Coordinates: 32°29′15″N 80°19′28″W / 32.48750°N 80.32444°W / 32.48750; -80.32444
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Colleton
Government
 • Type Council–manager government
 • Mayor Burley Lyons (R)
 • Legislature Edisto Beach Town Council
 • Senator George Campsen III (R)
 • Representative Kenneth Hodges (D)
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 691
 • Density 287.9/sq mi (113.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29438
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-23020[1]
GNIS feature ID 1231260[2]
Website http://www.townofedistobeach.com/

Edisto Beach is a town in Colleton County, South Carolina, United States. Edisto Beach's population was 691 as of the 2010 Census. The town limits include only the coastal area of Edisto Island, with the majority of the island's area part of Charleston County, though the town itself is incorporated within Colleton County. Due to its status as a bedroom community, Edisto Beach is among the most affluent cities in the state.

History[edit]

Edisto Beach was originally settled by the Edisto Indians, but was rediscovered by the Spanish in the late 16th century. Thereafter, commerce on the Island began to develop. Rice and indigo were the most common crops during the early settlement years. Later, significant cotton plantations were built and flourished. This industry, fueled by rich land owners and slaves, prospered until the Civil War.

Although the Union soldiers thereafter invaded Edisto, and John's Island, the Confederate forces were able to retain control of Charleston until 1865, very late in the Civil War.

By the 1920s South Carolina residents began arriving to Edisto Island, and Edisto Beach to build crude retreats. In those days, access to the island could be gained only at low tide by driving or riding across the marsh on beds of oyster shells.

Although most homes on the island were destroyed in the 1940s, Hurricane Hugo spared the island in 1989. It has since become a vacation destination with a section of the island recently purchased by Wyndham Resorts.[3] In 2012, Edisto held its first ever road race attracting close to 200 runners, including the mayor.[4]

Politics & Government[edit]

Edisto Beach is governed by a council–manager government. Under this style, the mayor and the mayor pro tem are elected from members of the town council.[note 1][5] City elections are non-partisan, however, during state and federal elections, Edisto trends toward conservatives. For instance, during the 2013 federal congressional special election, Edisto voted for Republican Mark Sanford by a forty point margin (69%-29%) over challenging Democrat Elizabeth Colbert Busch.[6][7] At the state level, Edisto is represented by Republican George Campsen III in the Senate and Democrat Kenneth Hodges in the House of Representatives.

Geography[edit]

See also: Edisto River

Edisto Beach is located at 32°29′15″N 80°19′28″W / 32.48750°N 80.32444°W / 32.48750; -80.32444 (32.487613, -80.324402).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) of it is land, and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (9.79%) is water. The Edisto Beach State Park is located on the coast of South Carolina, 50 miles south of Charleston, in the town of Edisto Beach in Colleton County.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census estimates.[9][10] There were 691 people, 354 or 51.2% male, and 337 or 48.8% female, the population is most likely much higher, due to the fact that many residents do not include Edisto Beach as their permanent home. The median age was 63.4 years, the population under 5 years was 3 or 0.4%, 18 and under was 12 or 1.7%, 18 and over was 679 or 98.3%, and 65 and over was 287 or 41.5% of the population. There were 7 or NA% families with children residing in the town. The population density was 351.7 people per square mile (116.7/km²). There were 1,812 housing units, with 360 or 19.9% Occupied housing units, 317 or 88.1% Owner-occupied housing units, 43 or 11.9% long term Renter-occupied housing units, and 1,452 or 80.1% Vacation or other housing units. The racial Demographic was 657 or 95.1% White, 0 or 0% African American, 0 or 0% Native American and Alaska Native, 34 or 4.9% Asian, 0 or 0% from other races, and 0 or 0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0 or 0% of the population.

There were 329 households out of which about 3.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.95 and the average family size was 2.34.

The median income for a household in the town was $78,750, and the median income for a family was $84,423. Males had a median income of $34,615 versus $48,210 for females. The per capita income for the town was $53,809. About NA or 2.6% of families and NA or 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and NA or 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

The labor force was 325 or 47.4% (16 and older), and the Mean travel time to work in minutes was 20.1. The unemployed rate is 25 or 3.6% of the work force. Not in the labor force 366 or 52.6% (mostly retirees).

Notable residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The town council is composed of five menbers.

References[edit]

External links[edit]