Edita Gruberová

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Edita Gruberová

Edita Gruberová (born December 23, 1946), is a Slovak soprano who is one of the most acclaimed dramatic coloraturas of the 21st century. She is noted for her great tonal clarity, agility, dramatic power, endurance, and ability to sing high notes with great power and sustained vocal consistency, which made her an ideal Queen of the Night in her early years. In recent years, she has enjoyed huge success with a number of the most important bel canto roles.

Gruberová was born in Bratislava in Slovakia, the daughter of a Hungarian mother and a father with German ancestors. Her native language is Slovak. She began her musical studies at Bratislava Conservatory where she was a student of Mária Medvecká. She then continued at Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava (VŠMU). While studying, she was a singer of the Lúčnica folk ensemble and also appeared several times in the Slovak National Theatre.

Career[edit]

In 1968, Gruberová made her operatic debut in Bratislava as Rosina in The Barber of Seville. After winning a singing competition in Toulouse, she was then engaged as a soloist of the opera ensemble of the J. G. Tajovský Theatre in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, from 1968 to 1970. Since communist Czechoslovakia was going through a period called Normalization, during which the borders were closed with non-communist countries, Medvecká surreptitiously arranged for an audition for Gruberová in the summer of 1969 at Vienna State Opera, which immediately engaged her. The following year, she made her first major breakthrough when she sang the Queen of the Night. Gruberová then also made the decision to emigrate to the West. In subsequent years, she became a soloist in Vienna and was invited to sing at many of the most important opera houses in the world, especially in coloratura roles.

Gruberová made her debut at Glyndebourne in 1973 and at the Metropolitan Opera in 1977, both as the Queen of the Night. In 1977, she also first appeared at the Salzburg Festival, as Thibault in Don Carlo, under Herbert von Karajan. In 1981, she appeared opposite Luciano Pavarotti in Jean-Pierre Ponnelle's film of Rigoletto. Gruberová made her Royal Opera House, Covent Garden début as Giulietta in Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi in 1984. Other important roles she has sung include Zerbinetta, Gilda, Violetta, Lucia, Konstanze, Manon and Oscar; she sang Donna Anna at La Scala in 1987, Marie in La fille du régiment in 1987, Semiramide in 1992 at Zürich, Queen Elizabeth I in Donizetti's Roberto Devereux in Vienna in 1990. In 2003, she added title role in Norma to her repertoire, and sang it in Munich in 2008/09.

Gruberová has made many recordings, most notably in recent years full-length recordings and extended selections from Donizetti's Tudor Queens trilogy and other bel canto operas, lately exclusively on Nightingale label. More than a dozen of her filmed and televised opera appearances have been released on DVD, including Norma, Manon, Beatrice di Tenda, Lucrezia Borgia, and Linda di Chamounix.

Discography[edit]

Complete opera recordings in audio CD format[edit]

Recording
year
Opera Cast Conductor,
Opera house and orchestra
Label
1976
Live performance
Richard Strauss
Ariadne auf Naxos
Edita Gruberova
Gundula Janowitz
Agnes Baltsa
James King
Walter Berry
Karl Böhm
Wiener Staatsoper Orchestra der Wiener Staatsoper
Orfeo D'or
1979 Giuseppe Verdi
Don Carlo (four acts)
José Carreras
Mirella Freni
Agnes Baltsa
Nicolai Ghiaurov
Piero Cappuccilli
Ruggero Raimondi
José van Dam
Edita Gruberova (Tebaldo)
Herbert von Karajan
Chor der Deutsche Oper Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker
EMI Classics
1979/80 Giuseppe Verdi
Un ballo in maschera
Plácido Domingo
Renato Bruson
Katia Ricciarelli
Elena Obraztsova
Edita Gruberova
Claudio Abbado
Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala
Deutsche Grammophon
1984
Live recording
Vincenzo Bellini
I Capuleti e i Montecchi
Edita Gruberova
Agnes Baltsa
Gwynne Howell
Dano Raffanti
John Tomlinson
Riccardo Muti
Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
Recorded over several performances May 1984
EMI Classics
1984 Giuseppe Verdi
Rigoletto
Edita Gruberova
Renato Bruson
Neil Shicoff
Brigitte Fassbaender
Robert Lloyd
Giuseppe Sinopoli
Coro e Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
Philips Classics Records
1985 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Edita Gruberova
Kathleen Battle
Gösta Winbergh
Heinz Zednik
Martti Talvela
Georg Solti
Wiener Staatsoperchor, Wiener Philharmoniker
Decca Records
1989 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Lucio Silla
Edita Gruberova
Cecilia Bartoli
Peter Schreiber
Dawn Upshaw
Yvonne Kenny
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Arnold Schoenberg Chor, Concentus musicus Wien
Teldec
1989 Jacques Offenbach
Les contes d'Hoffmann
Edita Gruberova
Plácido Domingo
Claudia Eder
Gabriel Bacquier
James Morris
Justino Diaz
Seiji Ozawa
Choeurs de Radio France, Orchestre National de France
Deutsche Grammophon
1991 Gaetano Donizetti
Lucia di Lammermoor
Edita Gruberova
Neil Shicoff
Alexandru Agache
Alistair Miles
Bernard Lombardo
Francesco Piccoli
Richard Bonynge
The Ambrosian Singers, London Symphony Orchestra
Recorded St Augustine's Church London September 1991
Teldec
1992
Live performance
Vincenzo Bellini
Beatrice di Tenda
Edita Gruberova
Vasselina Kasarova
Igor Morosow
Don Bernardini
Pinchas Steinberg
Wiener Konzerthaus, Wiener Jeunesse-Chor Orf-Symphonieorchester
Nightingale Classics
1993 Gaetano Donizetti
Linda di Chamounix
Edita Gruberova
Dan Bernardini
Ettore Kim
Monica Groop
Stefano Palatchi
Anders Melander
Friedrich Haider
Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and Mikaeli Chamber Choir
Nightingale Classics
1994
Live recording
Gaetano Donizetti
Roberto Devereux
Edita Gruberova
Delores Ziegler
Don Bernardini
Ettore Kim
Friedrich Haider
Choeurs de l'Opéra du Rhin, Orchestre Philharmonique de Strasbourg
Nightingale Classics
1994
Live performance
Gaetano Donizetti
Anna Bolena
Edita Gruberova
Delores Ziegler
Stefano Palatchi
José Bros
Igor Morosow
Helene Schneiderman
Elio Boncompagni
Chorus and Orchestra of Hungarian Radio and Television
Recorded Wiener Konzerthaus 28/11 & 1/12 1994
Nightingale Classics
1995 Gaetano Donizetti
La fille du régiment
Edita Gruberova
Deon van der Walt
Rosa Laghezza
Philippe Fourcade
François Castel
Marcello Panni
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Munich Radio Orchestra
Recorded Herkulessaal der Münchner Residenz March 1995
Nightingale Classics
1997
Live recording
Gioachino Rossini
Il barbiere di Siviglia
Edita Gruberova
Juan Diego Flórez
Rosa Laghezza
Vladmir Chernov
Enric Serra
Francesco Ellero d'Artegna
Ralf Weikert
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Munich Radio Orchestra
Nightingale Classics
2004
Live recording
Vincenzo Bellini
Norma
Edita Gruberova
Elīna Garanča
Aquiles Machado
Alastair Miles
Judith Howarth
Friedrich Haider
Vocal Ensemble Rastatt, Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz
Nightingale Classics
2010
Live recording
Gaetano Donizetti
Lucrezia Borgia
Edita Gruberova
José Bros
Silvia Tro Santafé
Franco Vassallo
Andriy Yurkevych
Chor des Oper Köln, Philharmonie Köln
Nightingale Classics

External links[edit]