|Edith Œnone Somerville|
2 May 1858|
|Died||8 October 1949
|Relatives||Violet Florence Martin (cousin)|
Edith Anna Œnone Somerville (2 May 1858 – 8 October 1949) was an Irish novelist who habitually signed herself as "E. Œ. Somerville". She wrote in collaboration with her cousin "Martin Ross" (Violet Martin) under the pseudonym "Somerville and Ross". Together they published a series of fourteen stories and novels, the most popular of which were The Real Charlotte, and The Experiences of an Irish R. M., published in 1899.
Somerville was born on Corfu, where her father was stationed, the eldest of eight children. A year later he retired to Drishane, Castletownshend, County Cork, where Somerville grew up. She received her primary education at home, and then at Alexandra College in Dublin. She later studied art in Paris in 1884 and at the Royal Westminster School of Art in London. At home riding and painting were her absorbing interests.
In January 1886 she met her cousin Violet Martin, and their literary partnership began the following year. Their first book, An Irish Cousin, appeared in 1889. In 1898 Edith Somerville went to paint at the Etaples art colony, accompanied by Violet and they profited from their stay by conceiving together the stories gathered in Some Experiences of an Irish R. M. in the following year. By the time Violet died in 1915 they had published fourteen books together. Her friend's death stunned Edith, who continued to write as "Somerville and Ross", claiming that they kept in contact through spiritualist séances.
She was in London still recovering from the shock when the 1916 Insurrection broke out. On 9 May she wrote a letter to the Times, blaming the British Government for the state of affairs in Ireland. She tended towards Nationalism afterwards and, an adept musician, at parties specialized in Irish tunes and Nationalist songs.
Somerville was a devoted sportswoman who in 1903 had become master of the West Carbery Foxhounds. She was also active in the suffragist movement, corresponding with Dame Ethel Smyth. She had exhibitions of her pictures in Dublin and in London between 1920 and 1938 and was active as an illustrator of children's picture books and sporting picture books.
Her brother Henry Boyle Townsend Somerville, a retired R.N. Vice-Admiral was killed by the I.R.A. at the family home of Castletownshend in 1936. She finished his book "Will Mariner" after his death.
She died at Castletownshend in October 1949, aged 91.
- An Irish Cousin (1889)
- Naboth's Vineyard (1891)
- In the Vine Country (1893)
- Through Connemara in a Governess Cart (1893)
- The Real Charlotte (1894)
- Beggars on Horseback (1895)
- The Silver Fox (1897)
- Some Experiences of an Irish R. M. (1899)
- A Patrick's Day Hunt (1902)
- All on the Irish Shore (1903)
- Some Irish Yesterdays (1906)
- Further Experiences of an Irish R.M. (1908)
- Dan Russell the Fox (1911)
- In Mr Knox's Country (1915)
- Irish Memories (1917)
- Mount Music (1919)
- The Big House at Inver (1925)
- The States through Irish Eyes (1930)
- An Incorruptible Irishman (1932)
- The Smile and the Tear (1933)
- The Sweet Cry of Hounds (1936)
- Sarah's Youth (1938)
- Maria and Some Other Dogs (1949)
References and sources
- Boylan (1998)
- Dean Jay Irvine and Mary Ann Gillies, The professional literary agent in Britain, 1880-1920',' University of Toronto 2007, p.123
- Gifford (1887) p. 160
- Gifford (1887) p. 165
- Gifford (1887)
- Lewis, Gifford (1987). Somerville and Ross: The World of the Irish RM. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-008262-X.
- Boylan, Henry (1998). A Dictionary of Irish Biography, 3rd Edition. Dublin: Gill and MacMillan. p. 406. ISBN 0-7171-2945-4.
- The E. OE. Somerville and Martin Ross Exhibition
- Archival material relating to Edith Somerville listed at the UK National Archives