Editio Octava Critica Maior

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Editio Octava Critica Maior is a critical edition of the Greek New Testament produced by Constantin von Tischendorf. It was Tischendorf's eighth edition of the Greek Testament, and the most important, published between 1864 and 1894.[1]

Edition[edit]

The first volume was issued in 11 parts, beginning in 1864. They were published in two volumes in 1869 and 1872. The edition was accompanied by a rich critical apparatus in which he assembled all of the variant readings that he or his predecessors had found in manuscripts, versions, and fathers.[2]

Tischendorf died before he could finish his edition, and the third volume, containing the Prolegomena, was prepared and edited by C. R. Gregory and issued in three parts (1884, 1890, 1894).[3][4]

Tischendorf gave the evidence known in his time. He used 64 uncial manuscripts, a single papyrus manuscript, and a small number of minuscule manuscripts.[5] He could not verify everything he cited and sometimes in his apparatus he gives notations such as "copms ap Mill et Wtst", i.e. "Coptic manuscript according to Mill and Westtstein".[4] The manuscripts are cited completely and accurately. The number of inaccuracies is smaller than in 20th-century manual editions.[6]

Tischendorf did not have a detailed textual theory. In practice he had a strong preference for the readings of the manuscript of his own discovery – Codex Sinaiticus. His text is eclectic but generally the Alexandrian. It has also something from the Western text-type, especially when it agrees with Codex Bezae.[4]

At the beginning of his work Tischendorf had practically no access to Codex Vaticanus, and it was published too late to alter the basic structure of Tischendorf's edition.[7]

Influence[edit]

Tischendorf's Editio Octava and The New Testament in the Original Greek of Westcott and Hort were sufficient to make the Textus Receptus obsolete for the scholarly world.[8]

According to Eberhard Nestle the text of the eighth edition differs from the seventh edition in 3,572 places.[3] Nestle has accused this edition of giving weight to the evidence of Codex Sinaiticus.[9] Nestle used Editio octava in his Novum Testamentum Graece for its extensive representation of the manuscript tradition and Westcott-Hort's text for its development of the methodology of the Textual Criticism.[10] Nestle called Tischendorf's edition "the most complete survey of what has been done on the Greek New Testament up to the present time".[3]

The edition was reprinted in 1965. According to Kurt Aland even a century later it was still of value for scholarly research.[6]

Tischendorf proposed his own critical apparatus – symbols and abbreviations – in this work.[11] The critical apparatus used in Editio Octava is still used by some textual critics.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kenyon, Frederick G. (1939). Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (4th ed.). London: British Museum. p. 118. 
  2. ^ Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration. New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9. 
  3. ^ a b c Nestle, Eberhard; William Edie (trans.) (1901). Introduction to the Textual Criticism of the Greek New Testament. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 20. 
  4. ^ a b c Robert Waltz, Tischendorf's Apparatus
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 14. ISBN 9780802840981. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  9. ^ Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration. New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9. 
  10. ^ Barbara Aland and Beate Küster, The Nestle Edition at the Bible Resource Center
  11. ^ Kirsopp Lake, The Text of the New Testament (London 1908), pp. 92-93.
  12. ^ Philip Comfort, Encountering the manuscripts: an introduction to New Testament paleography, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, 2005, p. 99.

Editio Octava[edit]