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The editorial board is a group of people, usually at a publication, who dictate the tone and direction the publication's editorial policy will take.
Board makeup 
At a newspaper, the editorial board usually consists of the editorial page editor, and editorial writers. Some newspapers include other personnel as well.
Editorial boards for magazines may include experts in the subject area that the magazine focuses on, and larger magazines may have several editorial boards grouped by subject. An executive editorial board may oversee these subject boards, and usually includes the executive editor and representatives from the subject focus boards. Book publishers may also make use of editorial boards, using subject experts to select manuscripts.
Editorial boards meet on a regular basis to discuss the latest news and opinion trends and discuss what the newspaper should say on a range of issues. They will then decide who will write what editorials and for what day. When such an editorial appears in a newspaper, it is considered the institutional opinion of that newspaper.
Some newspapers, particularly small ones, do not have an editorial board, choosing instead to rely on the judgment of a single editorial page editor.
Book and magazine publishers will often use their editorial boards to review or select manuscripts or articles, and sometimes to check facts.
Role in political campaigns 
The editorial board controls the endorsement process for the newspaper during campaigns. Candidates will come before the editorial board for a group interview which can last for several hours, depending on the office. During the meeting, the board asks the candidate a range of questions on various issues and uses the meeting as a way to judge which candidate to endorse.
Candidates may routinely meet with editorial board early in their campaigns in order to provide their opinions to the newspaper's decision makers. This is a way to steer media coverage their way and to influence the final endorsement.