Edmond, Oklahoma

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Edmond, Oklahoma
City
Water tower in Edmond, Oklahoma.jpg
Motto: "A Great Place To Grow"
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
Coordinates: 35°39′N 97°28′W / 35.650°N 97.467°W / 35.650; -97.467Coordinates: 35°39′N 97°28′W / 35.650°N 97.467°W / 35.650; -97.467
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Area
 • Total 87.9 sq mi (227.8 km2)
 • Land 85.1 sq mi (220.5 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Elevation 1,204 ft (367 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 81,405
 • Density 930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 73003, 73012, 73013, 73025, 73034, 73083
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-23200[2]
GNIS feature ID 1092492[3]
Website edmondok.com

Edmond is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area in the central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 81,405, making it the sixth largest city in the state of Oklahoma.[1]

The city limits are located on the northern border of Oklahoma City. Two major highways connect Edmond to downtown Oklahoma City: U.S. Route 77 (the Broadway Extension), which runs through the center of Edmond, and Interstate 35, which runs along the eastern side. Public transportation is provided by Citylink Edmond bus service.

In 2011, Edmond was #1 on CNBC's "10 Perfect Suburbs" list.[4] Edmond was listed as one of the "Top 100 Places to Live in 2007" by Relocate America.[5] Edmond was selected the most outstanding community in its class for five years in a row by the State Chamber of Commerce and State Industrial Development Department.

Geography[edit]

Edmond is located just north of Oklahoma City in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 87.9 square miles (228 km2), of which 85.1 square miles (220 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) or 3.19% is water. Arcadia Lake on the east side of the city is a fishing spot for the Oklahoma City metropolitan area and contains bluegill, channel catfish, blue catfish, and largemouth bass.[6] Twin Bridges Lake is a second lake in the city.

Edmond lies in the Sandstone Hills region of Central Oklahoma, known for hills, blackjack oak, and post oak.[7] The city falls into an ecological region known as the Cross Timbers.[8]

Climate[edit]

Edmond has a humid subtropical climate with frequent variations in weather during part of the year and consistently hot summers. Prolonged and severe droughts often lead to wildfires and heavy rainfall often leads to flash flooding and flooding. Consistent winds, usually from the south or south-southeast during the summer, help temper the hotter weather. Consistent northerly winds during the winter can intensify cold periods. Severe ice storms and snowstorms happen sporadically during the winter.

The city is located in Tornado Alley and is subject to frequent and severe tornadoes and hailstorms. The Oklahoma City metropolitan area is one of the most tornado-prone major cities in the world.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 965
1910 2,090 116.6%
1920 2,452 17.3%
1930 3,576 45.8%
1940 4,002 11.9%
1950 6,086 52.1%
1960 8,577 40.9%
1970 16,633 93.9%
1980 34,637 108.2%
1990 52,315 51.0%
2000 68,315 30.6%
2010 81,405 19.2%
Est. 2012 84,885 4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
[9][10]

As of the census of 2010, there were 81,405 people residing in the city.[1] The population density was 930 people per square mile (360/km2). There were 33,178 housing units in the city.[1] Most residents self-identified as white. Less than 10% self-identified as black or African American, Native American, or Asian. A small portion self-identified as Hispanic or Latino.

The population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female. The media age of residents was 34.8 years, lower than the Oklahoma median age of 40.6 years.

The estimated median household income in 2011 was $66,535, up from $54,556 in 2000, and higher than Oklahoma City.

History[edit]

Edmond, Oklahoma Territory, 1891. Drawn by T.M. Fowler.

The Santa Fe rail line in Oklahoma Territory, established a water and coaling station for steam engines at this location when the Santa Fe Railroad built into Indian Territory in 1887.[11] The site for the station was chosen because it was the highest point on the line in Oklahoma County; train could more easily accelerate going downhill while leaving the station in either direction. The railroad then named the station for Edmond Burdick, the Santa Fe’s traveling freight agent.[12] When the town was formed after the Oklahoma Land Run of 1889, early settlers decided to adopt the name. Though most of the remnants of the old railroad infrastructure are gone, the Santa Fe, now BNSF, freight line still runs through the same course.[citation needed]

The town of Edmond sprang up overnight during the great Oklahoma land run on April 22, 1889, when homesteads were staked around the Santa Fe station.[13] The original plat for Edmond was prepared by the Seminole Town and Development Company, a newly formed syndicate with ties to the railroad.[11] Many of the original streets were named for men associated with either the Santa Fe Railroad or the town syndicate. The first mayor and city officers were elected in May 1889, and Edmond’s population was 394 in the 1890 census.

The first public schoolhouse in Oklahoma Territory, completed in August 1889, is in Edmond.[12] It still stands as a historic monument on 2nd Street between Boulevard and Broadway and is open to the public on the first two Saturdays of each month or by appointment.

St. John the Baptist Catholic Church, the first church opened after the land run,[12] was located on the southwest corner of East First and South Boulevard. The congregation still exists, although not in its original building or location.[14]

In December 1890, the territorial legislature established three universities: the state university in Norman, the agricultural and mechanical college in Stillwater, and a "normal" or teaching school in Edmond. The first classes for the Territorial Normal School (University of Central Oklahoma) were held November 9, 1891, in the Methodist Church on the southwest corner of North Broadway and West Hurd. Old North, the Territorial Normal School’s iconic first building, was opened for classes on January 2, 1893, and ahead of Oklahoma State University’s Central Hall or Oklahoma University's Science Hall.[15]

The Edmond Sun, established by Milton W. "Kicking Bird" Reynolds on July 18, 1889, is the state's oldest continuous newspaper dating from Oklahoma Territorial days.[12]

Events[edit]

Edmond was the site of the post office massacre on August 20, 1986, in which 14 people were killed and six wounded by Patrick Sherrill, an ex-postman who then committed suicide. This event was the first in a string of postal employee murder-suicides throughout the U.S and remains the deadliest. A memorial to the victims of that tragic event stands outside of the U.S. Post Office in downtown Edmond.[16]

Edmond is the home town of Olympic gymnast Shannon Miller, America's most decorated Olympic gymnast. She won five medals (2 silver, 3 bronze) in the 1992 Summer Olympics and 2 gold medals at the 1996 Summer Olympics. Interstate 35 has been designated as the Shannon Miller Parkway from the Memorial Road exit to the Logan/Oklahoma County line.[17]

The city was also the subject of a U.S. Supreme Court case in which a Christian cross was depicted on the city seal, raising issues concerning the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution. In May 1996, the Supreme Court let stand a Federal Appeals Court ruling ordering the city to remove the cross from the seal.[18] A replacement icon has yet to be agreed upon, resulting in the curiously vacant spot on the city's seal.[citation needed]

A memorial service for famed Oklahoman baseball player Bobby Murcer was held in Edmond on August 6, 2008, at the Memorial Road Church of Christ. Among the some 2,000 attending the memorial were Reggie Jackson, Derek Jeter, Andy Pettitte, and current Yankees manager Joe Girardi.[19]

In 2009, Edmond appeared on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. In determining his ranking, Greenberg cited the city's 10-day LibertyFest event, which includes the state's largest parade, as well as fireworks, a beauty pageant, kite festival, and rodeo.[20]

Economy[edit]

The supermarket chain Homeland is based in Edmond. The University of Central Oklahoma, one of the fastest growing in the state, is a major employer.[11] The city's economy is centered on technology, manufacturing, construction, wholesale, and retail trade.[11]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Edmond Public Schools 2,558
2 University of Central Oklahoma 1,178
3 City of Edmond 667
4 Adfitech 474
5 OU Medical Center Edmond 350
6 Petra Industries 250
7 Remy International 200
8 Cox Communications 182
9 Pelco Products 118
10 Innovative Healthcare Systems 85

Parks[edit]

There are many parks in Edmond:[22]

  • Bickham-Rudkin Park
  • Brookhaven Park
  • Centennial Park
  • Chitwood Park
  • Clegern Park
  • Dog Park
  • E.C. Hafer Park (or simply Hafer Park)
  • Fink Park
  • Gossett Park
  • J.L. Mitch Park (or simply Mitch Park)
  • Johnson Park
  • Kelly Park
  • Meadow Lakes Park
  • Penick Park
  • Shannon Miller Park
  • Stephenson Park
  • Ted Anderson Park
  • Westborough Park
  • Whispering Heights Park

Education[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Angie Debo Elementary School
  • Centennial Elementary School
  • Charles Haskell Elementary School
  • Chisholm Elementary School
  • Clegern Elementary School
  • Clyde Howell Elementary School
  • Cross Timbers Elementary School
  • Deer Creek Elementary School
  • Frontier Elementary School
  • Ida Freeman Elementary School
  • John Ross Elementary School
  • Northern Hills Elementary School
  • Oakdale Elementary School
  • Orvis Risner Elementary School
  • Prairie Vale Elementary School
  • Rose Union Elementary School
  • Russell Dougherty Elementary School
  • Sunset Elementary School
  • Washington Irving Elementary School
  • West Field Elementary School
  • Will Rogers Elementary School

Middle schools[edit]

  • Central Middle School
  • Cheyenne Middle School
  • Cimarron Middle School
  • Deer Creek Middle School
  • Oakdale Middle School
  • Sequoyah Middle School
  • Summit Middle School

High schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Awards for schools[edit]

  • Cheyenne Middle School became a blue ribbon school in 2009
  • Deer Creek Middle School became a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 2002.
  • Edmond Memorial High School became a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 2001.
  • Edmond Memorial High School was named the Siemens Foundation 2007-2008 award winner for the state of Oklahoma. This award is given to one high school per state, and only .033 high schools in the nation, in recognition of outstanding performance in AP math, science, and technology.[23]
  • Edmond North High School became a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 2007.[24]
  • Edmond Santa Fe High School became a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 2012.[25]

Public art and landmarks[edit]

The city of Edmond is making efforts to promote public art with murals, stained glass and steel sculptures. On a portion of mainstreet, statuary lines nearly every corner.[26] On July 4, 2007, the City inaugurated a bronze statue of Nannita R.H. Daisey, believed to be the first woman laying claim on Oklahoma land in the first (1889) land run.[27]

Edmond residents have access to 57 Protestant and 2 Catholic congregations, 4 LDS church congregations, one Unitarian Universalist church, one Islamic mosque, and one Bahá'í center.

Rugby Football in Edmond[edit]

Rugby union is a developing sport in Edmond as well as in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. Edmond boasts two rugby clubs: The Edmond Rugby Club (aka "The Storm")[28][29] and the University of Central Oklahoma Rugby Football Club.[30][31]

Notable people[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://www.cnbc.com/id/44347217/10_Perfect_Suburbs
  5. ^ Relocate America's Top 100 Places To Live In 2007
  6. ^ Arcadia Lake, City of Edmond. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  7. ^ Oklahoma Geography, NetState.com. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  8. ^ "Ecoregions of Oklahoma". Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.tulsaworld.com/site/printerfriendlystory.aspx?articleid=20120629_11_A1_Thecit39044&PrintComments=1&r=1231#
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d Oklahoma Municipal Government, Oklahoma Almanac, 2005, p. 535. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  12. ^ a b c d Granger, Brenda. "Edmond," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  13. ^ Hoig, Stan. "Land Run of 1889," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  14. ^ "Parish History - An Overview," Official St. John the Baptist Website. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  15. ^ Sooner Magazine, September 1965 (Volume 38, Issue 1), http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/sooner/issue_info.asp?issueID=478
  16. ^ http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM9CHG_Edmond_Post_Office_Memorial_Fountain_Edmond_Oklahoma
  17. ^ http://www.visitedmondok.com/historicalplaces.htm
  18. ^ ROBINSON v. CITY OF EDMOND, Nos. 94-6237, 95-6008., October 17, 1995 - US 10th Circuit | FindLaw
  19. ^ Bob Hersom (2008-08-06). "Late Yankee slugger Bobby Murcer's life celebrated in Edmond". NewsOK.com. 
  20. ^ Greenberg, Peter. "Newsmax Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns". Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  21. ^ City of Edmond CAFR
  22. ^ City Parks, City of Edmond official website
  23. ^ EdmondSchools.Net (2007). "Edmond Memorial Wins Prize". Retrieved 2007-01-15. 
  24. ^ "2007 Blue Ribbon Schools" (PDF). 
  25. ^ "2012 Blue Ribbon Schools" (PDF). 
  26. ^ Edmond Convention and Visitors Bureau (2007). "Oklahoma history cast in bronze". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  27. ^ Houghton, Jaclyn (2007-03-13). "Oklahoma history cast in bronze". Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  28. ^ Moriak, Meredith. News OK. Rugby gives Edmond athlete healthier goals. [1]
  29. ^ Official Website of the Edmond Rugby Club
  30. ^ Wescot, Chris. The Vista. (http://www.thevistaonline.com/mobile/blog-1.107/insidethelines?article155=19.688326&page155=BlogPosting)
  31. ^ ucowellnesscenter.com UCO Sports Clubs
  32. ^ O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Galbreath Robert (1863 - 1953)." Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  33. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/russell-westbrooks-house-1/view/?service=0
  34. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/russell-westbrooks-house/view/?service=0

External links[edit]