|French literary history|
Edmonde Charles-Roux (born 17 April 1920 Neuilly-sur-Seine) is a French writer.
A woman in the war
Then she joined the Resistance, as a nurse. After landing in Provence, she was then attached to the 5th Armored Division, where she performed as a nurse but also as a divisional social assistant. She also served in the 1st Foreign Cavalry Regiment (1er REC) and the Mechanized Regiment of the Foreign Legion (RMLE).
Decorated with the Croix de Guerre, she was made Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur in 1945, and received the distinction of vivandière d'honneur by the RMLE at the hands of Colonel Gaultier, corps commander.
In 1946, she joined the staff of a magazine being created, a women's weekly: Elle, where she spent two years. From 1948, she worked for the French edition of Vogue, becoming the magazine’s editor-in-chief in 1954.
Reading Vogue democratized luxury while giving access to the most innovative artists of the time, whether writers as Francois-Regis Bastide, Violette Leduc and Francois Nourissier or photographers like Guy Bourdin, Henry Clarke or William Klein, or designers Christian Dior, Yves Saint Laurent and Emanuel Ungaro. By combining ready-to-wear and Pop Art, she connected fashion with any other form of creativity. She left Vogue Paris in 1966, as the result of a conflict for wanting to place a black woman on the cover of the magazine.
Three months later, in 1966, she wrote Oublier Palerme and obtained the Prix Goncourt; she met Defferre the same year and married in 1973. The novel was adapted to film as Dimenticare Palermo in 1990 by Francesco Rosi.
She is also known for publishing her photo stories on the lives of Defferre (L'Homme de Marseille 2001), or that of Coco Chanel (Chanel Time in 2004). She wrote the books of several of Roland Petit ballets including Le Guépard and Nana. She became a member of the Académie Goncourt in 1983, she became president in 2002. In 2008, she was part of the Commission headed by Hugues Gall and charged by Christine Albanel, Minister of Culture, with the post of Director of the French Academy in Rome, Villa Medici.
- Oublier Palerme 1966 Grasset, novel, prix Goncourt 1966,
- Elle, Adrienne, 1971 Grasset, roman
- L'Irrégulière ou mon itinéraire Chanel 1974 Grasset, biographie
- Stèle pour un bâtard 1980 Grasset, roman
- 'Une enfance sicilienne 1981 Grasset, roman
- Un désir d'Orient, vol I biography of Isabelle Eberhardt 1989 Grasset
- Nomade j'étais, vol II 1995 Grasset,
- L'homme de Marseille 2003 Grasset, photographic album
- Isabelle du désert, 2003 volume combining «Un désir d'Orient» and «Nomade, j'étais» Grasset,
- Le Temps Chanel 1979 La Martinière / Grasset, photographic album
- To forget Palermo, Delacorte Press, 1968
- Chanel: her life, her world, and the woman behind the legend she herself created, Knopf, 1975, ISBN 978-0-394-47613-1
- Chanel and her world: friends, fashion, and fame, Vendome Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-86565-159-3