Edmonson County, Kentucky

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Edmonson County, Kentucky
Edmonson County Courthouse.png
Edmonson County Courthouse in Brownsville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Edmonson County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1826
Named for John Edmonson
Seat Brownsville
Largest city Brownsville
Area
 • Total 308.01 sq mi (798 km2)
 • Land 302.62 sq mi (784 km2)
 • Water 5.39 sq mi (14 km2), 1.75%
Population
 • (2010) 12,071
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.edmonsoncounty.ky.gov

Edmonson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,161.[1] Its county seat is Brownsville.[2] The county was formed in 1826 and named for Captain John "Jack" Edmonson (1764–1813), who was killed at the Battle of Frenchtown during the War of 1812.[3][4][5] The sale of alcohol is currently prohibited in Edmonson County.

Edmonson County is included in the Bowling Green Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 308.01 square miles (797.7 km2), of which 302.62 square miles (783.8 km2) (or 98.25%) is land and 5.39 square miles (14.0 km2) (or 1.75%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]


History[edit]

Edmonson County was established in 1825 from land given by Grayson, Hart and Warren counties. A courthouse built in 1873 replaced a former structure rendered unfit when its floor collapsed.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,642
1840 2,914 10.3%
1850 4,088 40.3%
1860 4,645 13.6%
1870 4,459 −4.0%
1880 7,222 62.0%
1890 8,005 10.8%
1900 10,080 25.9%
1910 10,469 3.9%
1920 10,894 4.1%
1930 11,475 5.3%
1940 11,344 −1.1%
1950 9,376 −17.3%
1960 8,085 −13.8%
1970 8,751 8.2%
1980 9,962 13.8%
1990 10,357 4.0%
2000 11,644 12.4%
2010 12,161 4.4%
Est. 2012 12,071 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 11,644 people, 4,648 households, and 3,462 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 per square mile (15 /km2). There were 6,104 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (7.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.39% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,648 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 males there were 92.50 females. For every 100 males age 18 and over, there were 89.33 females.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,413, and the median income for a family was $31,843. Males had a median income of $26,770 versus $17,158 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,480. About 14.20% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The combined Edmonson County High and Middle School complex is located in Brownsville.

There are currently four public schools operating as part of the Edmonson County School System. They are Kyrock Elementary (in the Kyrock community in northern Edmonson County), South Edmonson Elementary (near the Chalybeate community in southern Edmonson County), the Edmonson County Fifth/Sixth Grade Center and Edmonson County Middle/High School (both in Brownsville).

Transportation[edit]

A water tower along KY101 welcomes visitors as they enter southern Edmonson County.

There are two main routes that form the major transportation corridors through Edmonson County.

KY 70 is the primary west to east route, traversing the width of the county.

KY 259 enters Edmonson County at the border with Grayson County, near the town of Bee Spring. The highway continues on, bridging the Green River(the only bridge over the river in Edmonson County), before intersecting with KY 101. KY 259 then branches off in a southeastern direction while KY 101 continues as the main north-south route through the county, exiting into Warren County just south of the community of Chalybeate.

Additionally, KY 185 is a north-south route connecting Bowling Green with points in Grayson County and points north which lie between. I-65 passes through the southeastern tip of the county, but has no interchanges allowing access to the road. I-65 parallels the older US 31-W, which runs through a small southeastern portion of the county.

Attractions[edit]

Sign marking the boundary of Mammoth Cave National Park, the most popular tourist attraction in Edmonson County.

The biggest tourist attraction in Edmonson County is Mammoth Cave National Park, which usually draws almost 2 million visitors a year.[11] The park includes in its area roughly a fourth of the County.[12]

Located mostly in the northern part of Edmonson County, the Nolin Lake area was incorporated as a Kentucky State Park in 2001 and offers fishing and other recreational opportunities.

Media[edit]

Edmonson County is served by a weekly newspaper, the Edmonson News. The paper is sometimes referred to by its nickname, "the Gimlet", and carries the slogan "It Bores In". The paper has a circulation number of 3,704.[13]

On March 6, 2007, MTV[14] wrote an article titled "Who's Joining The Army" [15] in which they stated Edmonson County has the highest Army enlistment rate of any county in the United States.

Publishing offices of the Edmonson News, the main media outlet of Edmonson County.

Cities and towns[edit]

Famous residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). "Kentucky Place Names". University Press of Kentucky. p. 89. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). "Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research". Ancestry Publishing. p. 225. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ NPS Reports
  12. ^ Edmonson County, Kentucky map
  13. ^ Edmonson News
  14. ^ Česky. "MTV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  15. ^ Rabinowitz, Michelle (2007-03-06). "Who's Joining The Army? Lots Of Rural Kids - Election 2012 News". MTV. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°13′N 86°15′W / 37.21°N 86.25°W / 37.21; -86.25