The district was represented by Dave Hancock who was in his fourth term as the Member of the Legislative Assembly. Hancock has also served as Minister of Justice twice, Attorney General and prior to that as Minister of Intergovernmental and Aboriginal Affairs.
On December 15, 2006, Hancock was made Minister of Health and Wellness in Premier Ed Stelmach's cabinet. He later served as Deputy Premier under Stelmach's successor Alison Redford. Following Redford's resignation as Premier, Hancock was named as her replacement and sworn into office on March 23, 2014, meaning the Edmonton-Whitemud district was the seat of the Premier of Alberta for the second time.
The electoral district was created in the 1971 boundary redistribution from the electoral districts of Strathcona Centre and Strathcona West.
The 2010 boundary redistribution saw the riding significantly altered. It lost all land south of Anthony Henday Drive to the new electoral district of Edmonton-South West. In addition it also lost land along the east boundary with Edmonton-Rutherford. The old line established in 2003 ran along 119 Street. It was pushed west to run continuously along Whitemud Creek.
Legal description from the Statutes of Alberta 2003, Electoral Divisions Act.
Starting at the intersection of the left bank of the North Saskatchewan River with Whitemud Drive; then 1. south along Whitemud Drive to Fox Drive; 2. east along Fox Drive to Whitemud Creek; 3. south along Whitemud Creek to Whitemud Drive; 4. east along Whitemud Drive to 122 Street; 5. south along 122/119 Street to the power line right of way as shown in Plan 1225 KS; 6. west along the power line right of way to Blackmud Creek; 7. in a southeasterly direction along Blackmud Creek to the north boundary of Sec. 29, Twp. 51, Rge. 24 W4; 8. east along the north boundary of Secs. 29 and 28, Twp. 51, Rge. 24 W4 to Gateway Boulevard; 9. south along Gateway Boulevard to the south Edmonton city boundary; 10. west along the south city boundary to the left bank of the North Saskatchewan River; 11. generally north and northeast along the left bank of the North Saskatchewan River to the starting point.
The electoral district was created in the 1971 boundary redistribution. The first representative was former Canadian Football League player Don Getty. Getty had previously represented the electoral district of Strathcona West. The 1971 election saw Getty easily win the new district to pick it up for the Progressive Conservatives.
Getty won a larger majority in 1975 and he retired for the first time from the legislature in 1979. His replacement would be Progressive Conservative Peter Knaak who easily held the district for a single term before leaving in 1982. Robert Alexander took over as the Progressive Conservative in 1982.
Alexander resigned November 5, 1985 so that Getty who had just been elected as leader of the Progressive Conservatives and Premier of the province could have his seat back. Getty easily won the by-election held on December 11, 1985. Less than a year later Getty called his first election as Premier. He easily won the district back along with a majority government across the province.
The 1989 general election would turn out to be one of the most memorable in Alberta political history. Getty was defeated in a closely contested race by Liberal candidate Percy Wickman. The result was a surprise as Getty's party had won a majority across the province. The trouble for Getty's campaign started when he skipped an all-candidates forum which Wickman had put a rubber chicken in his place. He was also criticized heavily even by his own party members for running a billion dollars in spending announcements.
Wickman held the seat for one term before running in the Edmonton-Rutherford electoral district in 1993. His replacement was Liberal candidate Mike Percy who won a comfortable margin over Dave Hancock. Percy only held the district for one term.
Hancock would run as the Progressive Conservative candidate for the second time in the 1997 general election. He was re-elected three more times.
On November 19, 2004 a Student Vote was conducted at participating Alberta schools to parallel the 2004 Alberta general election results. The vote was designed to educate students and simulate the electoral process for persons who have not yet reached the legal majority. The vote was conducted in 80 of the 83 provincial electoral districts with students voting for actual election candidates. Schools with a large student body that reside in another electoral district had the option to vote for candidates outside of the electoral district then where they were physically located.